World in Transition (Ch 8-13)

Major Events

Roman Empire Falls

476

Christian Church Splits

1054

Kievan Russian under Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox)

4th Crusade

1204

Crusaders turn on Byzantines and capture Constantinople

Renaissance

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1500

Advancement and Latin don't go to Kiev (occupied by Mongols)

America discovered

1492

Byzantine

Justinian Reigns (Byzantine Empire)

527 - 565

Empire thrives, consider themselves like the Romans

Nika Revolt

532

Hagia Sophia built

532 - 537

by Justinian

Christians Losing Lands to Muslims

718

Blame it on the "idols", starts Iconoclastic Controversy

Iconoclastic Controversy

726 - 843

Byzantines recapture Constantinople

1261

Ottomans capture Byzantine Empire Again

1300

1300s

Russia

Rus people take control of Novogrod

862

Rurik- military general

Kievan Russia converts to Christianity

988

under Vladimir I

Trade makes Kiev strong and wealthy

1000

1000s
Trading with Byzantines

Yaroslav the Wise reigns

1019 - 1054

*Issued first law code (Pravda Russkaia)

Kiev's power declines

1054

Yaroslav's rule ends

Turks Control Kiev

1055

Mongols control Kiev (Slavic people) & parts of Eastern Europe

1240 - 1450

*People from Asian steppe east of the Urals
*Don't have Hungary and Poland
*Didn't force their culture on the people, take their wealth
*Influenced the Slavic people by:
-building roads
-improved methods of taxation
-improved communication
-influenced future Russian language

Ivan I rules Moscow

1325 - 1341

*Power shift from Kiev to Moscow
*Under control of Mongols still
*Starts collecting taxes, puts blame on Mongols, makes them look bad, while he is collecting wealth so he can challenge the Mongols
*Mongols still trust him though
-give him title "Grand Prince"

Metropolitan moves to Moscow

1328

*Of Eastern Orthodox Church
*Ivan I's power increases

Metropolitan named in Moscow (independent of Constan.)

1448

Ivan III reigns

1462 - 1505

*First ruler of Russia
*Called himself "autocrat by grace of God"
*Established long lasting monarchy

Mongol rule overthrown

1480

Church owns majority of Russian Lands

1500

Ivan Terrible

1547 - Approx. 1581

*Named Czar (Caesar)
*Created Oprichniki (own army)
*Murdered own son
*Established foundations of new Russian state (huge)

Moscow Metro. named Patriarch

1589

*Like pope in East
*Russian Orthodox independent from Eastern Orthodox
*Claim to be "third Rome"
*try to reinterpret Christianity

Islamic

Muhammad lives

570 - 632

Born in Mecca
Revelation of Islam dies w/ him

Harsha Rules

606 - Approx. 647

*Ruled one of 3 separate states in Ganges Valley
*Built effective army (war elephants)
*Conquered Gupta Empire
*Relative peace for 41 years

Hijrah (migration) to Yarthrib

622

(Al-Madinah or Medina)

Tariq leads expedition in Spain

711

*Berber general
*Against Visigoths
*Easily defeated Spain

Turks Capture Asia Minor

1000

(1000s)