Revolutions

Events

Magna Carta

july 1215

It effectively forced the English monarch to grant his English subjects rights. It laid the foundations for Parliament and constitutional governments.

Enlightenment

Approx. 1685 - Approx. 1815

It was able to shed light onto the ways of scientific thinking and help the world better understand how the scientific processes worked. Until the Age of Enlightenment, only a select few scientists and mathematicians understood science and the way that it affected the world.

Glorious Revolution

Approx. 1688 - Approx. 1689

The Glorious Revolution was significant because it established British Parliament's authority over the monarchy. The Revolution also established the supremacy of the Anglican Church over Catholic interests in England.

American Revolution

April 1775 - September 1783

It granted the American colonies independence from Great Britain. Although the colonies declared their independence in 1776, the British saw them as too valuable to let go without a fight. Only by defeating the British with the help of the French did America achieve independence.

National Assembly

June 1789 - September 1791

The National Assembly represented the revolutionaries of the Third Estate and petitioned the King of France for many rights. The National Assembly also created the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen," which was to guarantee rights for every citizen in France regardless of whatever government laws King Louis XVI passed.

English bill of rights

September 1789

The Bill of Rights includes the first 10 amendments of the United States Constitution.

National Convention

September 1792 - October 1795

The National Convention declared France a republic and this marked the beginning of a radical stage in the French Revolution.

Louis XVI Executed

January 1793

This is important because with him gone, Maximilian Robespierre took control and thus began the Reign of Terror.

Reign of Terror

September 1793 - July 1794

It was important because it marked the reasons of why France would never return to a monarchy.

Napoleon crowned as Emporer

Dec 02, 1804

This was important because France fought many battles to not have a monarchy, but ended up getting an emperor, and liked him a lot.

Congress of Vienna

November 1814 - June 1815

The congress was important because they created a new European order that kept peace until 1853.

Waterloo

June 1815

It marked the second dethroning defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, and it marked the end of the French Revolution and the final restoration of the monarchy