World History

Events

Cycladic Civilization

3000 BC - 2000 BC

Stonehenge

Approx. 3000 BC - 2000 BC

Phoenician Culture

3000 BC - 149 BC

Djoser

2780 BCE - 2760 BCE

Old kingdom

2686 bc - 2134 bc

Imhotep engineers step pyramid for Djoser

2650 bc

Ur

2600 BC - 500 BC

Akkadian

2600 BC - 2420 BC

Khufu

2589 BC - 2566 BC

Assyrian Empire

Approx. 2500 BC - Approx. 612 BC

First intermediate period

2150 BCE - 2050 BCE

Middle Kingdom

2055 BC - 1650 BC

Babylonian

2000 BC - 1600 BC

Hittites

1700 BC - 1200 BC

Second intermediate Period

1650 BC - 1550 BC

Mycenaean Culture

1600 BC - 1100 BC

Ugarit

1600 BC - 1200 BC

New Kingdom

1550 BC - 1075 BC

Hatshepsut

1479 BCE - 1458 BCE

Amenhotep IV - Akhenaten

1352 BCE - 1336 BCE

Tutankhamen

1333 BC - 1324 BC

Ramses II

1279 BC - 1213 BC

Battle of Kakdesh

1274 BC

Treaty of Kadesh

1258 BCE

Greek Dark Ages

1200 bc - 800 bc

Third Intermediate Period

1070 BC - 664 BC

Villanovan Culture

1000 BC - 700 BC

Archaic

800 BC - 480 BC

Roman kingdom

753 BC - 510 BC

Roman Kingdom

753 BC - 510 BC

Medes

728 BCE - 550 BCE

Cyrus the Great

630 BC - 576 BC

Servius Tullius

578 BC - 535 BC

Acheamenid Dynasty

558 B.C.E. - 330 B.C.E.

Pyrgi Tablets

550 BC

Greek Colonization

550 BCE

Darius the Great

549 BC - 486 BC

Tarquinius Superbus

535 BC - 510 BC

Roman republic

509 BCE - 27 BCE

Phoenician Colonization

500 BCE

Laws of the Twelve Tables

450 BCE

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Expansion of the Celts

390 BC

Reign of Philip II

Approx. 359 BC - Approx. 336 BC

Alexander the Great

356 BC - 323 BC

Samnite Wars between Rome and Samnium

343 BC - 290 BC

Defeat of the Latin states

340 BC - 338 BC

Battle of Chaeronea; Philip II conquers Greece

338 BC

Reign of Alexander the Great

336 BC - 323 BC

Zeno

335 BC - 263 BC

Herophilus

335 BC - 280 BC

Alexander invades Asia; Battle of Granicus River

334 BC

Battle of Issus

333 BC

Battle of Gaugamela

331 BC

Fall of Persepolis, the Persian capital

330 BC

Alexander enters India

327 BC

Battle of Hydaspes River

326 BC

Death of Alexander

323 BC

Selucid Empire

323 bce - 60 bce

Seleucid Empire

312 BC - 63 BC

Late Roman Empire

284 BC - 610

Diocletian

284 BC - 312

Began with division into E and West
Tetrarchy 219 -313
Rome no longer a capital
Statue now in Venice
Moved from Constantinople

Defeat of Greek states in southern Italy

281 BC - 267 BC

Eratosthenes

276 BC - 194 BC

First Punic War

264 BC - 241 BC

Parthian Dynasty

247 BC - 224 BC

Second Punic War

218 BC - 201 BC

Battle of Cannae

216 BC

Macedonian War

215 BC - 148 BC

Completion of Roman seizure of Spain

206 BC

Battle of Zama

202 BC

Third Punic War

149 BC - 146 BC

Incorporation of Macedonia as a Roman province

148 BC

Destructive of Carthage

146 BC

First Sicilian Revolt

135 BC - 132 BC

Reforms of Tiberius Gracchus

133 BC

Roman acquisition of Perganum

133 BC

Gift of Attalus III

133 BC

Reforms of Gaius Gracchus

123 BC - 122 BC

Marius: First consulship

107 BC

Second Sicilian Revolt

104 BC - 100 BC

Marius : Consecutive consulships

104 BC - 100 BC

Sulla as dictator

82 BC - 79 BC

Pompey's command in Spain

77 BC - 71 BC

Campaign of Crassus againts Spartacus

73 BC - 71 BC

First Triumvirate ( Caesar, Pompey Crassus )

60 BC

Caesar in Gaul

59 BC - 49 BC

Murder of Crassus by Parthians

53 BC

Julius Caesar

49 BC - 44 BC

Caesar's crossing of the Rubicon

49 BC

Caesar as dictator

47 BC - 44 BC

End of civil war

45 BC

Octavian's defeat of Antony at Actium

31 BC

Augustus

27 BC - 14 AD

The Principate

27 BC - 24 BC

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Hadrian

117 AD - 138 AD

Pantheon

125 AD

Galen

129 - 200

Marcus Aurelius

161 AD - 180 AD

Sassanids

226 CE - 651 CE

Crisis of the Third Century

235 - 284

Diocletian

284 - 305

Constantine I

306 - 337

Constantine

306 AD - 337 AD

edict of milan

313

Construction of Constantinople

324 - 330

Battle of Adrianople

378

Theodosius the Great

378 CE - 395 CE

Theodosius I

379 - 395

Division of the empire

395

Roman legions abandon Britain

410

Alaric and Visigoths sack Rome

410

Attila the Hun

434 - 453

Vandals sack Rome

455

Odoacer deposes Romulus Augustulus

476

St. Benedict of Nursia

480 - 547

Merovingian Dynasty

481 - 751

Clovis

481 - 511

Justinian I

482 - 565

King of the Ostrogoths

488 - 526

King of the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy

493 - 526

Theodoric establishes Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy

493

Empress Theodora

500 - 548

Frankis king Clovis converts to Christianity

500

Reign of Justinian

527 - 565

Justinian codifies Roman law

529 - 533

Reconquest of Italy by the Byzantines

535 - 552

Reconquest of Italy by Byzantines

535 - 552

Hagia Sophia

537

Completion of Hagia Sophia

537

Gregory of Tours

538 - 594

Lombards begin conquest of Italy

568

Pope Gregory I

590 - 604

Arab defeat of Byzantines at Yarmuk

636

Defeat by the Bulgars; losses in the Balkans

679

Muslims shatter Visigoths in Spain

711

Charles Martel

718 - 741

Battle of Tours

732

Vikings

750 - 1150

Pepin the Short

751 - 768

Irene of Byzantium

752 - 803

Charlemagne

768 - 814

Carolingian Empire

768 - 814

Charlemagne led his army into Italy

773

Charlemagne invaded the land of Bavarians

787

Pope Leo III

795 - 816

Rebellion against Pope Leo III’s authority

799

Carolingian empire

800 - 888

Pope Leo III declared Charlemagne emperor of the Romans

800

Saxony added to the Carolingian domain

804

Emperor Louis the Pious

814 - 840

Lothair

840 - 855

Charles the Bald

843 - 877

Louis the German

843 - 876

Macedonian Dynasty

867 - 1065

The Vikings reached Iceland

874

Foundation of abbey of Cluny

910

Otto I

936 - 973

Battle of Lechfeld – The Magyards

955

The Vikings discovered Greenland

985

High Middle Ages

1000 - 1300

The Emergence and Growth of European Kingdoms

1000 - 1300

Henry IV

1056 - 1106

William

1066 - 1087

Gregory VII

1073 - 1085

Pope Gregory VII

1073 - 1085

Decree against lay investiture

1075

Pope Urban II

1088 - 1099

Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

1090 - 1153

The Crusades

1095 - 1292

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Hildegard of Bingen

1098 - 1179

Founding of Cistercians

1098

Second Crusade

1147 - 1149

Frederick I

1152 - 1190

Henry II

1154 - 1189

Alfonso VIII

1155 - 1214

Dominic de Guzman

1170 - 1221

Robert Grosseteste

1175 - 1253

King Philip II Augustus

1180 - 1223

Saint Francis of Assisi

1182 - 1226

Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

Pope Innocent III

1198 - 1216

Pope Innocent III

1198 - 1216

King John

1199 - 1216

Sack of Constantinople

1204

Start of Crusade against the Albigensians

1209

Frederick II

1212 - 1250

Roger Bacon

1214 - 1294

Fourth Lateran Council

1215

Louis IX

1226 - 1270

King Alfonso X

1252 - 1284

Edward I

1272 - 1307

Philip IV

1285 - 1314

William of Ockham

1287 - 1347

Pope Boniface VIII

1294 - 1303

Carracks

1300 - 1699

Unam Sanctum

1302

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Papacy at Avignon

1305 - 1378

Avignon Papacy

1309 - 1378

John Wycliffe

1320 - 1384

Outbreak of hostilities

1337

Battle of Crecy

1346

The Italian Renaissance

1350 - 1570

Jacquerie

1358

Jan Hus

1369 - 1415

Pawel Wlodkowic

1370 - 1435

Pope Gregory XI's return to Rome

1377

Brunelleschi

1377 - 1446

Start of the Great Schism

1378

Pope Urban VI

1378 - 1389

Great Western Schism

1378 - 1417

English Peasants (Watt Tyler) Revolt

30 May 1381 - November 1381

Cosimo de Medici

1389 - 1464

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Johannes Gutenberg

1395 - 1468

Truce

1396

Influence of Printing

1400 - 1500

Leon Battista Alberti

1404 - 1472

Pisa conquered by Florence

1406

Failure of Council of Pisa to end schism

1409

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Battle of Agincourt

1415

War renewed by Henry V

1415

Piero della Francescac

1415 - 1492

End of schism; election of Martin V

1417

French recovery under Joan of Arc

1429 - 1431

Bramante

1444 - 1514

Sandro Botticelli

1445 - 1510

Lorenzo the Magnificent

1449 - 1492

Savonarola

1452 - 1498

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

End of the Hundred war

1453

Fall of Constantinople

1453

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Pedro Cabral

1467 - 1520

Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Vasco da Gama

1469 - 1524

Nicholas Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Michaelangelo

1475 - 1564

Pope Leo X

1475 - 1521

Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Genoa defeated by Venice

1481

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Jacques Cartier

1491 - 1557

Italian Wars

1494 - 1559

The Northern Renaissance

1500 - 1600

Giorgio Vasari

1511 - 1574

Pieter Bruegel

1525 - 1569

Francis Drake

1540 - 1596

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Henry Hudson

1565 - 1611

Peace of Westphalia

1646 - 1648

Signed 15 May–24 October 1648

Jacob Burckhardt

May 25, 1818 - August 8, 1897