The first lawn mower was invented by Edwin Budding England and patented in 1830, designed primarily to cut the lawn on sports grounds and expensive gardens. Lawnmowers have come a long way, but they all came from this original idea. Lawnmowers are still used by virtually every household.
A French tailor, Barthélemy Thimonnier, patents a sewing machine that sewed straight seams using chain stitch. Thimonnier went on to build a factory where he sewed uniforms for the French Army. This made the sewing process much better and nicer, making it easier to make nicer clothes.
Henry Blair patents a corn planter, he is the second black person to receive a U.S. patent. His corn planter simply dug ground up, placed a seed, then covered back up the hole. Very simply designed, they are still used for small garden plots to great effectiveness.
Charles McCormick invented the Reaper. The Reaper could accomplish in one hour what it would take 20hrs of farm labor. To build and sell the reaper he created the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company which became part of International Harvester Company. Over the next few years the reaper was improved further including binding the crops into sheaves, and just 15 years after its first introduction 400,000 are in use were estimated to be harvesting grain.
John Deere invents the first commercially successful steel plow in Grand Detour, Illinois. While working as a blacksmith, Deere found that cast-iron plows were not working very well in the tough prairie soil of Illinois and designed a Plow using highly polished steel and a correctly shaped moldboard (the self-scouring steel plow) that would be better able to handle the soil conditions of the prairie, especially its sticky clay. John Deere was well known for making high-quality equipment. He once said, "I will never put my name on a product that does not have in it the best that is in me".
In 1843, Richard Hoe invented a revolution in printing by rolling a cylinder over stationary plates of inked type and using the cylinder to make an impression on paper. This eliminated the need for making impressions directly from the type plates themselves, which were heavy and difficult to maneuver.
Englishmen, John Mercer invents mercerized cotton. Mercerization is a process applied to cellulosic fibers. Typically cotton, covered thread with a polyester core, is to increase luster. It is done after weaving, in case of fabrics, or spinning.
Dr. William Morton, a Massachusetts dentist, is the first to use anesthesia for tooth extraction. Anesthesia is a type of drug that knocks you out so a dentist is able to perform surgery. It knocks out your nerves so you don’t feel anything during the procedure. Anesthesia is a big business and is still used widely today.
Elias Howe was awarded a patent in 1846 for the first commercially viable sewing machine. It is what the printing press was to books, an invention that sped up a thousand fold the processing of textiles into marketable goods. This provided thousands upon thousands of jobs and was one of the most important inventions during the Industrial Revolution.
The earliest form of a jackhammer, a "percussion drill" was invented in 1848 and patented in 1849 by Jonathan J. Couch of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In this drill, the drill bit passed through the piston of a steam engine. The piston snagged the drill bit and hurled it against the rock face. It was an experimental model.
The safety pin was invented by Walter Hunt, and patented in April 1849. The rights to the invention were sold for $400. The safety pin is a type of clip so that you can pin something to your shirt safely. Safety pins are still used widely today.
Joel Houghton was granted the first dishwasher patent in 1850. The machine was made of wood and required you to hand-turn a wheel that caused water to splash on the dishes. Houghton's machine barely worked. The first practical dishwasher was invented by a woman named Josephine Cochran in 1886. Dishwashers, however, did not begin appearing in homes until the 1950s.