A timeline of remarkable scientists by Peter Del Re
The Geocentric Theory is the theory that the Earth is the center of the universe
Heliocentric Theory is the theory that the sun is the center of the universe and that all the planets revolve around it
This backlash would come from the Catholic Church, as they had widely accepted geocentrism at the time.
Mendeleev finds a way to cohesively organize the elements into a table by discovering Periodic Law and applying that to the order of his elements.
She found that energy radioactive elements gave off were actually tiny particles. This contradicted the widely held belief that atoms were solid and unchanging.
Einstein's theory of relativity is the theory that light bends due to gravity.
Hubble's Law is the scientific law that the further away a galaxy is from ours, the faster it is compared to ours.