World History Timeline (1450-1750)

Events

Portuguese and Spanish Race For America

Approx. 1441 - Approx. 1550

Kidnapped slaves from Africa were then sent to America by the Spanish and Portuguese to further their wealth and power.

Worldwide Colonization

Approx. 1442 - Approx. 1812

Beginning of World Powers expanding into other lands like Africa and the Americas

Columbus' First Journey

1442

Christopher Columbus was a Genoese mariner who was hired by the Spanish to find a trade route to the East Indies by sailing around the world to the West. Instead of a passage to the East Indies Columbus found two continents that had been in Isolation for thousands of years.

Bartolomeu Dias's Voyage into the Indian Ocean

1448

Portuguese explorer who went from Portugal sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and entered the Indian Ocean. Dias opened Portugal to trade with Western Africa and Asia.

Isolationism

Approx. 1450 - 1900

isolationism throughout the world and how it affected countries.

Spread of Religion

Approx. 1450 - Approx. 1500

Due to Africa's diverse geography, many religions existed (and still do) in the continent. As Spain, Portugal, France, and Britain grow their religion spreads with them.

Chinese Isolationism

1453

After the voyages of Zheng He, Ming China shut off all their ports and adopted isolationism. There wasn't much of a demand in China for European goods, however, in Europe the demand of Asian and Chinese goods was extremly high which raised the price of Asian goods and the need to find more trade routes to Asia and China by the Europeans.

Spanish Inquisition

1478 - 1834

The Spanish Inquisition was intended to ensure the Catholics and get Muslims and Jews living in Spain and Spanish colonies to convert. People who didn't convert or who didn't follow the new laws that came with the inquisition were charged and possibly executed. it is estimated that 150,000 people were charged with crimes and 3,000 people were executed.

Jews and Muslims Banned from Spain and Portugal

1492

In 1492 all Jews were expelled from Spain and Portugal and the last Muslim enclaves (a portion of territory within or surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct) in Spain are captured. After 1496, any Jew that was still in Spain or Portugal was forced to convert to Christianity.

Spread of Christianity to the Americas

1492

As Europe explores and colonizes the Americas they bring Christian Priests with them to convert the natives of the Americas (Native Americans, Aztecs, and Incans) to Christianity forcefully.

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Treaty that Spain and Portugal signed that split the New World and gave a clear distinction to what belonged to Spain and what belonged to Portugal in order to keep peaceful relationships between the two European Powers.

Introduction of Christianity and Islam

Approx. 1497

Due to trade and conquest, Northern Africa is introduced to Christianity and Islam

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

1519

Hernan Cortes, a Spanish Conquistador, led 450 soldiers to Mexico in search of gold. They encountered the Aztec Empire and their capital on Lake Texcoco. Using superior weaponry the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztecs and conquer most of Mexico by 1521.

Japanese Isolationism "Sakoku"

1633

Lasting until 1866 the Japanese policy of Sakoku did not completely isolate Japan from the rest of the world but, it did place strict rules on commerce and entry into Japan.

Seven Years War

1754

The Seven Years War originally began from the French and English conflict but, quickly grew to include France, Austria, and Russia against Britain nd Prussia.

Establishment of the first Australian Colony

1788

The first Australian Colony, established by the British, and used as a penal colony. The English sent criminals to the land and used it as a jail before it was colonized.