Written for the church, about emotions. Influenced by the Feudal System and the church. Instruments are the Viol and Lute. Sounds liturgical, chanting and monophonic.
Hildegard von Bingen
German writer, composer, and philosopher from the Medieval Era.
A keyboard instrument invented in 1397, played by plucking the strings.
A machine that prints information needed. Made it easier for music to be spread.
1450 - 1600
Written for the church and other communities, about reason. Influenced by the church. Instruments are the Pipe Organ and Harpischord. Neumes, polyphonic, vocal.
English composer of the renaissance era. Wrote organ music and is best known for the development of the English madrigal.
Italian composer, singer, and catholic priest of the renaissance era. Huge part of the transition from renaissance to baroque.
1600 - 1750
Written for the community, about reason. Influenced by art. Instruments are the Lute, violin, organ, and Harpischord. Sounds exaggerated, fast paced, and artistic.
Italian composer part of the baroque era, also a virtuoso for the violin. Influence was widespread across Europe.
Johann Sebastian Bach
German composer and musician. Came from a family of musicians. Known for his counterpoint and wrote a lot of music pieces.
The piano was invented in 1731. Played by pressing keys that activate a hammer to it it's strings to create sound.
1750 - 1825
Written for the church and communities, about reason. Influenced by by science. Instruments used were strings and woodwinds. Sounds more stringed, homophonic, secular. Rich people payed for music.
Ludwig van Beethoven
German composer and a pianist. Very important in the transition from classical to romantic period. Learned a lot about music before the age of 7. Wrote the longest orchestra performance ever called "Symphony 9".
Percussion instruments became a part of the orchestra in 1809.
German conductor, composer, and theatre director. Influenced nationalism in music.
1825 - 1900
Written for the opera, about emotion. Influenced by feelings. Instruments are woodwinds and percussion. Sounds like nationalism, exoticism, and is instrumental. Middle class could pay to see operas.