Music

Events

Medieval Era

500

The Medieval era in music history was one of the very first. Not many instruments existed at the time so innovation was extremely limited. Some of the most important parts of music came out of this period such as the staff and the Gregorian chant which paved the way for polyphony.

Gregorian Chant

590

Gregorian chant was invented, also known as plainchant.

Organum

695

Organum is created, which is described as an early form of counterpoint (Form of polyphony showing contrasting voices)

Staff

1030

Invention of the staff by a monk named Guido de Arezzo

Renaissance

1400

The Renaissance was the beginning of a movement away from liturgical music and away from the church with music becoming more secular and free willed.

Cantus Firmus

1450

Beginning of experimentation with cantus firmus (form of polyphony, very similar to organum)

French Chanson

1500

The French Chanson was invented (song set to French text)

Italian Madrigal

1500

Italian Madrigal is invented around this time (polyphonic secular music performed in groups of 4 to 6 people)

Reformation

1517

Reformation sparked by Martin Luther, including changes such as hymns and chorales (songs sang in German context)

Council Of Trent

1550

Council of Trent meets to discuss complaints against church music

Florentine Camerata

1573

First known meeting of the Florentine Camerata (group of musicians brought together to discuss art and were believed to revive greek drama)

Early Opera

1597

Beginning of early opera (stage work involving music, costumes and scenes to portray a story to the audience)

Baroque

1600

The Baroque era focused on a lot of exaggeration, hence the name which when translated means bizarre. The baroque period consisted of a lot of exaggerated music with a lot of intensity included. Early opera began in this time and music became a very artistic part of daily life.

Generalized Baroque

1650

Around this time musicians began to highly implement the combination of keyboard and bass instruments in music. Along with this many other improvisions began. Suites (collection of short musical pieces played in chronological order), and Sonatas (composition with instrumental soloist) were invented in this general time frame but do not maintain a specific date

Bach

1685

Bach was born

Italian Opera

1700

Italian opera became more immersive and expansive. The harpsichord was also given much higher importance and recognized at this point in time

Classical Era

1700

The classical era, following the baroque period in music consisted of many more innovations and new styles of music, some of the most prominent involving the newest instrument, the piano. The era also focused a lot on the musicians rather than the music itself leading to some figures such as Mozart and Beethoven

Bach's fame

1717

Bach was offered a position to work with royalty and took it, leading to him becoming more famous

Piano

1731

Piano was finally invented as opposing to the Harpsichord

Joseph Haydn

1732

Joseph Haydn is born

Chamber Music w/ String Quartet

1750

Chamber music with a string quartet became very popular at this time, including much more secular music due to being paid for private shows

Vienna

1750

Vienna became one of the most popular places for studying music and composition

Beethoven

1770

Birth of Ludwig Von Beethoven

Mozart & Vienna

1781

Mozart moves to Vienna

Romantic Era

1820

The Romantic area followed the Classic era, focus on the intellectual aspect of music such as how it was composed, and included a much higher use of opera considering the fact the opera now had many new instruments such as the piano and more.

Harmonica

1821

The Harmonica is invented

French Bassoon

1825

French bassoon is redesigned

Beethoven Death

1827

Ludwig Von Beethoven dies

Franz Schubert Death

1828

Franz Schubert dies

Saxophone

1846

The first saxophone is patented

Grand Piano

1856

The first grand piano ever is created

Phonograph

1877

Phonograph is patented which changed way music was listened to