The Death of the Roman Republic


The First Triumvirate

59 BC - 53 BC

An informal alliance between Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, and Marcus Licinius Crassus.

Caesar's Civil War

January 10, 49 BC - March 17, 45 BC

Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, setting off a Civil war which he ultimately wins.

The Second Triumvirate

November 27, 43 BC - Approx. 33 BC

Executive power in Rome is formally given over from the senate to the members of the second triumvirate, Gaius Octavius, Marcus Antonius, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.

Final War of the Roman Republic

32 BC - August 30, 30 BC

Octavian solidifies his political power by conquering the other members of the second triumvirate and taking Egypt.


Julius Caesar holds Roman Dictatorship

46 BC - March 15, 44 BC

Gaius Octavius's Tenure as Senator

43 BC - November 27, 43 BC

Augustus (Octavius) Presides over Republic

28 BC - August 19, 14 AD