The History of Bilingual Education in America

Events

First state implements bilingual education

1839

Ohio was the first state to implement bilingual education.

Native American students forced to abandon their language

1864

Congress outlaws Native American students from learning and being taught in their own language

William Harris advocates for implementing bilingual education

1870

Native American children are forced to attend boarding schools

1879

First Federal Language law

1906

WWI creates language restrictions in schools

1917

Repression of native language is abolished

1934

A full bilingual plan for Cubans implemented in Florida

1961

Bilingual Act of 1968

1968

Chicano students demand Chicano accommodations in schools

1970

San Francisco school district sued for English only instruction

1974

Lau v. Nichols: must offer special help for non-English speaking students

1974

Serna v Portals

1974

National Association for Bilingual Education founded

1975

Dade County, FL passes the anti bilingual ordinance

1980 - 1989

Foreign born residents increases by 40 percent

1980 - 1989

Plyer v Doe

1982

California passes Proposition 187

1997

California passes Proposition 227

1998

Arizona passes Proposition 203

2000