16th-19th Century Timeline by Pauly Griffin

Events

pre-1500 Vesalius On the Fabric of the Human Body

Approx. 1500

pre-1500 Copernicus On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres

Approx. 1500

Earlier plays of Shakespeare

1600

Kepler’s Laws

1615 - 1620

Galileo The Starry Messenger

1616

Thirty Years War

1620 - 1645

Bacon The Great Instauration

1622

Rule by Cardinal Richelieu

1625

Paintings of Rembrandt

1627

Harvey’s theory of circulation

1630

Frederick William the Great Elector

1635 - 1685

Descartes Discourse on Method

1640

Reign of Louis XIV

1640 - 1720

Beginnings of English Royal Society

1641 - 1650

English Civil War

1645

Official Recognition of the Dutch Republic

1648

Thomas Hobbes Leviathan

1651

Seven Years War

1655 - 1662

Establishment of French Royal Academy of Sciences

1660

Cavendish Grounds of Natural Philosophy

1665

Pascal Pesees

1667

Plays of Racine

1670

Spinoza Ethics

1677

Glorious Revolution

1680

Peter the Great

1690 - 1725

Work of Watteau

1705

Louis XV of France

1715 - 1774

Robert Waypole as Prime Minister of England

1725 - 1745

Bach, Mass in B Minor

1735

Maria Theresa of Austria

1740 - 1780

War of the Austrian Succession

1740 - 1750

Frederick the Great of Prussia

1740 - 1787

Handel, The Messiah

1742

Montesquieu The Spirit of the Laws

1752

Diderot, Encyclopedia

1755 - 1770

Voltaire, Candide

1758

Rosseau, The Social Contract, Emile

1762

Catherine the Great of Russia

1765 - 1795

American War for Independence

1776 - 1783

American Declaration of Independence

1776

Joseph II of Austria

1780 - 1790

Watt's Steam Engine

1782

Mozart, The Marriage of Figaro

1785

Newton’s Law of universal gravitation

1785

William Pitt the Younger as Prime Minister of England

1785

America under the Articles of Confederation

1786

Cartwright's Power Loom

1787

Ratification of the American Constitution

1787

America under the U.S. Constitution

1787

Fall of the Bastille

1788

National and Legislative Assemblies of France

1788 - 1792

First Textile Factory in the United States

1789

Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women

1790

National Convention of France

1792 - 1795

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Directory of France

1794 - 1798

Hadyn, The Creation

1798

Age of Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Napoleon becomes Emperor of France

1805

Luddites

1811

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Battle of Waterloo

1815

Revolution in Latin America

1819 - 1824

Shelley, Prometheus Unbound

1820

Stephenson's Rocket

1830

London Police

1830 - 1832

Revolutions in Belgium, Poland, and Italian States

1830 - 1832

July Revolution in France

1830

Reform Act in Britain

1832

Factory Act

1833

Formation of Owen's Grand National Trades Union

1834

Friedrich, Man and Woman Gazing at the Moon

1834

Chadwick's Report on Cities

1842

Tristan, Worker's Union

1843

List's National System of Political Economy

1844

Great Famine in Ireland

1845 - 1851

Emperor Francis Joseph

1848 - 1916

Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto

1848

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Revolutions in France, German and Italian States, and Austrian Empire

1848

Great Exhibition in Britain

1851

Louis Napoleon becomes emperor

1852

Fiaubert, Madame Bovary

1857

Fiaubert, Madame Bovary

1857

Unification of Italy

1859 - 1870

Darwin, On the Origin of Species

1859

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

Emancipation of the Russian Serfs

1861

Pasteur and Pasteurization

1863

British Reform Act

1866

Creation of Canada as a Nation

1867

Creation of Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy

1867

Unification of Germany

1871

Bismarck as Chancellor

1871 - 1890

Surrender of French Provisional Government to Germany

1871

Paris Commune

1871

King Alfonso XII

1874 - 1885

New Constitution (Spain)

1875

Republican Constitution (Third Republic)

1875

Formation of German Social Democratic Party

1875

Smith, The Wealth of Nations

1878

Antisocialist Law (Germany)

1878

Count Edward von Taaffe as Prime Minister

1879 - 1893

First Streetcar in Berlin

1879

Second Ministry of William Gladstone

1880 - 1885

Tsar Alexander III

1881 - 1894

Britain's First Public Power Station

1881

Bell's Invention of the Telephone

1882

Compulsory Primary Education in France

1882

Emergence of Mass Newspapers

1882

First Birth Control Clinic

1883

Social Welfare Legislation in Germany

1883 - 1889

Reform Act

1884

Boulanger is Discredited

1889

German ultimatum to Russia

1914

Russia Mobilizes

1914

Austria's Ultimatum to Serbia

1914

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

1914

Austria declares War on Serbia

1914

Conservative Party Government in Britain

1924 - 1929

First Labour Party Government in Britain

1924

General Strike in Britain

1926

Second Labour Party Government in Britain

1929 - 1931

Beginnings of National Government Coalition in Great Britain

1931

Hitler occupies demilitarized Rhineland

1936

Munich Conference

1938

Occupation of the Sudentenland

1938

Germany annexes Austria

1938

Germany invades Poland

1939

Churchill becomes British prime minister

1940

Germany defeats France

1940

Emergence of a Welfare State in Britain

1946

Marshall Plan

1948

Berlin Blockade

1948 - 1949

Creation of NATO

1949

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Pollack's Lavender Mist

1950

Formation of Warsaw Pact

1955