The Toronto Typographical Union went on a strike on the day, March 25th, over their demands for a nine-hour workday. 24 members of the strike committee were jailed for conspiracy as a result of legal action taken by the editor of The Globe, Liberal Party leader George Brown, because back then union activity was illegal. These actions finally end in the result that lead to the passing of the Trade Unions Act on June 14th, which in hand legalizes trade unions
A first attempt at establishing a national trade union centre is made by the founding of the Canadian Labour Union. It later dissolves in 1878
a Canada-wide central federation of trade unions is formed, the TLC, The Trades and Labour Congress of Canada.
The federal government establishes the royal commission ion the relations of labour and capital. in its reports, the commission notes that many workers were being hurt on the job. it condemns oppressive working conditions in many industries. The commission makes a string of recommendations to improve working conditions- but the federal government does not act on them, saying to do so would infringe on provincial authority
Labour Day is made a federal public holiday. It is an annual holiday, celebrating the achievements of workers. its origins originate from the labour union movement, mainly in the eight-hour day movement, which stated that we should have eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.
the first social insurance legislation in Canadian history, was adopted by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
One coal miner was killed and many injured during the protest as a result of a major strike at BESCO in New Waterford, Nova Scotia. Davis Day was established in the memory of Bill Davis, the miner who was murdered by company police. The labour dispute resulted in the deployment of 2,000 soldiers during the largest peacetime deployment of the Canadian Army for an internal conflict since the Northwest Rebellion of 1885.
The first compulsory national unemployment insurance system in Canada is introduced; it comes into operation in July 1941
Canadian Congress of Labour is founded following the expulsion of supporters of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada in 1939 as a result of pressure from the American Federation of Labor.
The Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers hold a national convention in Sudbury, Ontario, at which singer and activist Paul Robeson gives his first concert outside the United States since being placed under a travel ban by the United States government in 1950.
The Canadian Union of Public Employees is formed through from the merger of the National Union of Public Employees and the National Union of Public Service Employees.
The Canadian Auto Workers become independent of their former parent union, the United Auto Workers. This process is later documented in the film Final Offer.
Premier of ontario, Dalton McGuinty passed Bill 115, which is 'Putting Students First Act 2012'. eliminating the rights of teachers in ontario to go on strike for the next two years. Bill 115 freezed wages and eliminated banked sick days from previous years. Unions state that this bill, bill 115, is a violation of their members' rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Unifor is formed through the merger of the Canadian Auto Workers and the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada, becoming the largest private-sector union in the country.