Union workers

Events

1872-fight for a shorter week

3/25/1872 - 6/14/1872

The Toronto Typographical Union went on a strike on the day, March 25th, over their demands for a nine-hour workday. 24 members of the strike committee were jailed for conspiracy as a result of legal action taken by the editor of The Globe, Liberal Party leader George Brown, because back then union activity was illegal. These actions finally end in the result that lead to the passing of the Trade Unions Act on June 14th, which in hand legalizes trade unions

1873-establishing a national trade union centre

1873 - 1878

A first attempt at establishing a national trade union centre is made by the founding of the Canadian Labour Union. It later dissolves in 1878

1883-TLC

1883

a Canada-wide central federation of trade unions is formed, the TLC, The Trades and Labour Congress of Canada.

1889 – Royal Commission on the Relations of Labour and Capital

1889

The federal government establishes the royal commission ion the relations of labour and capital. in its reports, the commission notes that many workers were being hurt on the job. it condemns oppressive working conditions in many industries. The commission makes a string of recommendations to improve working conditions- but the federal government does not act on them, saying to do so would infringe on provincial authority

1894 – Labour Day

1894

Labour Day is made a federal public holiday. It is an annual holiday, celebrating the achievements of workers. its origins originate from the labour union movement, mainly in the eight-hour day movement, which stated that we should have eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.

1912 – Great Coal Strike on Vancouver Island, aka Vancouver Island War

1912 - 1914

1914 – The Workmen's Compensation Act

1914

the first social insurance legislation in Canadian history, was adopted by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

1919 - Winnipeg general strike

5/19/1919

1925-major strike at the British Empire Steel and Coal Company

1925

One coal miner was killed and many injured during the protest as a result of a major strike at BESCO in New Waterford, Nova Scotia. Davis Day was established in the memory of Bill Davis, the miner who was murdered by company police. The labour dispute resulted in the deployment of 2,000 soldiers during the largest peacetime deployment of the Canadian Army for an internal conflict since the Northwest Rebellion of 1885.

1931 - Estevan riot

1931

1935 - Battle of Ballantyne Pier

1935

1938 - Bloody Sunday

1938

August 1940 – The first compulsory national unemployment insurance system

1940 - 1941

The first compulsory national unemployment insurance system in Canada is introduced; it comes into operation in July 1941

1940 – The Canadian Congress of Labour is founded

1940

Canadian Congress of Labour is founded following the expulsion of supporters of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada in 1939 as a result of pressure from the American Federation of Labor.

1945 – Ford strike of 1945

1945

1949 - Asbestos Strike

1949

1956 - The Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers hold a national convention

1956

The Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers hold a national convention in Sudbury, Ontario, at which singer and activist Paul Robeson gives his first concert outside the United States since being placed under a travel ban by the United States government in 1950.

1963 – The Canadian Union of Public Employees is formed

1963

The Canadian Union of Public Employees is formed through from the merger of the National Union of Public Employees and the National Union of Public Service Employees.

1985 - The Canadian Auto Workers become independent of their former parent union

1985

The Canadian Auto Workers become independent of their former parent union, the United Auto Workers. This process is later documented in the film Final Offer.

May 29, 2006 - Toronto Transit Commission workers stage a one-day wildcat strike.

5/29/2006

September 11, 2012 - Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty and the Liberal party pass Bill 115 'Putting Students First Act 2012'

9/11/2012

Premier of ontario, Dalton McGuinty passed Bill 115, which is 'Putting Students First Act 2012'. eliminating the rights of teachers in ontario to go on strike for the next two years. Bill 115 freezed wages and eliminated banked sick days from previous years. Unions state that this bill, bill 115, is a violation of their members' rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

2013 – Unifor is formed through the merger of the Canadian Auto Workers

2013

Unifor is formed through the merger of the Canadian Auto Workers and the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada, becoming the largest private-sector union in the country.