AP LIT

Events

Classical Myth : The Ancient Sources

6000 B.C

This Site is designed to draw together ancient texts and images available on the Web concerning the major figures of Greek and Roman Mythology.

A Chronological Bible Timeline

4000 B.C.

A timeline of the dates stated or implied in the Bible. Abel, Abraham, Adam, antediluvian, babylon, bible study, Cain, captivity, Christian, Chronological.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

2500 B.C.

The Epic of Gilgamesh, the cycle of poems preserved on clay tablets surviving from ancient Mesopotamia of the third millennium B.C. One of the best and most important of epic poetry from human history, predating even Homer's Iliad by roughly 1,500 years, the Gilgamesh epic tells of the various adventures of that hero-king, including his quest for immortality, and an account of a great flood similar in many details to the Old Testament's story of Noah.

Aesop, Greek Poet

620 B.C.

The Life and History of Aesop is involved, like that of Homer the most famous of Greek poets, in much obscurity. Sardis, the capital of Lydia

Aeschylus, Father of Tragedy

525 B.C. - 456 B.C.

The "Father of Tragedy", Aeschylus was born in the city of Eleusis. Immersed early in the mystic rites of the city and in the worship of the Mother and Earth Goddess Demeter.

Sophocles, Greek Playwright

495 B.C. - 405 B.C.

Born in 495 B.C. about a mile northwest of Athens, Sophocles was to become one of the great playwrights of the golden age. the son of a wealthy merchant

1307

1307

Dante, in exile from Florence, begins work on The Divine Comedy - completing it just before his death, 14 years later.

1350

1350

Humanism, or the study of classical literature as a living tradition, develops into one of the main strands of the Renaissance.

1387

1387

Chaucer begins an ambitious scheme for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 by the time of his death.

1601

1601

Shakespeare's central character in Hamlet expresses both the ideals of the Renaissance and the disillusions of a less confident age.

1604

1604

James I commissions the Authorized version of the Bible, which is completed by forty-seven scholars in seven years

1606

1606

The satirical voice of the English playwright Ben Jonson is heard to powerful effect in Volpone.

1616

1616

John Smith publishes A Description of New England, an account of his exploration of the region in 1614.

1621

1621

John Donne, England's leading Metaphysical poet, becomes dean of St. Paul.

1637

1637

John Milton's Lycidas is published in memory of a Cambridge friend, Edward King.

1644

1644

In his Principles of Philosophy Descartes gives priority to reason, summed up in his famous phrase cogito ergo sum.

1650

1650

The poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet are published in London under the title The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America.

1690

1690

John Locke published his Essay concerning Human Understanding, arguing that all knowledge is based on experience.

1722

1722

16 year old Benjamin Franklin contributes the 'Dogood Papers', essays on moral topics, to Boston journal, The New England Courant.

1726

1726

Jonathan Swift sends his hero on a series of bitterly satirical travels in Gulliver's Travels.

1755

1755

Samuel Johnson publishes his magisterial Dictionary of the English Language.

1774

1774

Encouraged by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine emigrates to America and settles in Philadelphia.

1776

1776

English historian Edward Gibbon published the first volume of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

1776

1776

In Common Sense, an anonymous pamphlet, English immigrant Thomas Paine is the first to argue that American colonies should be inde

1789

1789

William Blake published Songs of Innocence, a volume of his poems with every page etched and illustrated by himself.

1789

1789

In his Principles Jeremy Bentham defines 'utility' as that which enhances pleasure and reduces pain.

1791

1791

Scottish poet Robert Burns published Tam o' Shanter, in which a drunken farmer has an alarming encounter with witches.

1792

1792

Thomas Paine moves hurriedly to France, to escape a charge of treason in England for opinions expressed in his Rights of Man.

1797

1797

Samuel Taylor Coleridge says that while writing Kubia Khan he is interrupted by 'a person on business from Porlock'

1798

1798

English poets Wordsworth and Coleridge jointly publish Lyrical Ballads, a milestone in the Romantic movement.

1798

1798

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' is published in Lyrical Ballads.

1811

1811

English author Jane Austen publishes her first work in print, Sense and Sensibility, at her own expense.

1813

1813

Pride and Prejudice, based on a youthful work of 1797 called First Impressions, is the second of Jane Austen's novels to be published.

1814

1814

US lawyer Francis Scott Key writes The Star-Spangled Banner after seeing the British bombard Fort McHenry.

1819

1819

Walter Scott publishes Ivanhoe, a tale of love, tournaments and sieges at the time of the crusades.

1820

1820

-Washington Irving tells the story of the long sleep of Rip Van Winkle in his Sketch Book.

-English poet John Keats publishes Ode to a Nightingale, inspired by the bird's song in his Hampstead garden.

-English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes Ode to the West Wind, written mainly in a wood near Florence.

  • 7 year old Henry Wadsworth Longfellow has a poem published in a newspaper in his home town of Portland, Maine.

1829

1829

20-year-old Edgar Allan Poe publishes Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems.

1830

1830

Victor Hugo's romantic drama Hernani provokes a riot in the Paris audience on the first night.

1831

1831

Victor Hugo publishes his novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame, in which the hunchback, Quasimodo, is obsessed with Esmeralda.

1836

1836

In his essay, Nature, Ralph Waldo Emerson sets out the fundamentals of the philolosphy of Transcendentalism.

1837

1837

Charles Dickens' first novel, Oliver Twist, begins monthly publication.

1841

1841

Herman Melville goes to sea on the whaler Acushnet and spends moe than a year in the South Pacific.

1845

1845

Escaped slave Fredrick Douglass published the first of three volumes of autobiography.

1846

1846

After marrying secretly, the English poets Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett go aboard to live in Florence.

1855

1855

Longfellow publishes his American Indian epic, The Song of Hiawatha, in an irresistibly catchy metre.

1859

1859

-Charles Darwin puts forward the theory of evolution in On the Orgin of Species, the result of 20 years' research.

-English author George Eliot wins fame with her first full-length-novel, Adam Bede.

-Tennyson publishes the first part of Idylls of the King, a series of linked poems about Britian's mythical king Arthur.

1862

1862

-Victor Hugo publishes his novel Les Miserables and immensely complex story about the adventures of ex-convict Jean Valjean.

-Unpublished American poet Emily Dickerson writes more than 300 poems within the year.

1863

1863

Samuel Clemens uses the pseudonym Mark Twain for the first time on an article in Virginia City's Territorial Enterprise.

1865

1865

Leo Tolstoy publishes the first volume of his epic novel War and Peace, following the lives of several aristocratic families during the Napoleonic wars.

1866

1866

Walt Whitman laments the assassinated President Lincoln in his poem 'O Captain! My Captain!, published in Sequel to Drum-Taps.

1868

1868

US author Louisa May Alcott begins serial publication of her book for children, Little Women.

1875

1875

Leo Tolstoy publishes the first volume of his novel Anna Karenina, in which the heroine develops a fatal love for Count Vronsky.

1876

1876

In 21 years Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass has grown from 12 poems to the two volumes of the sixth edition, published in the USA's centenary year.

1883

1883

-Mark Twain's autobiographical book Life on the Mississippi details his own personal involvement with the great river.

-Robert Louis Stevenson's adventure story, Treasure Island, features Long John Silver and Ben Gunn.

1884

1884

Huck Finn and his friend Tom Sawyer continue their exploits on the Mississippi in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

1891

1891

-Oscar Wilde publishes his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in which the ever-youthful hero's portrait grows old and ugly.

-Thmas Hardy publishes his novel Tess of the Dubervilles, with a dramatic finale at Stonehenge.

1892

1892

Leaves of Grass, still growing, is published in its 9th edition in the year of Walt Whitman's death.

1895

1895

-Oscar Wilde's most brilliant comedy, The Importance of Being Earnest is performed in London's St. James Theatre.

-oscar Wilde is sent to Reading Gaol to serve a two-year sentence with hard labour after being convicted of homosexuality.

-H.G. Wells publishes The Time Machine, a story about a Time Traveller whose first stop on his journey is the year 802701.

-Stephan Crane succeeds handsomely with his second novel, The Red Badge of Courage, set in the American Civil War.