Two major party system is introduced with the splitting into Republican and Democratic Parties
the south blamed the Republican party for the Civil War and Reconstruction.
To maintain South's votes and supported repressive legislation to prevent black votes
Great Depression began. The democratic party's basic platform were conservative and agrarian oriented and opposing the interests of big business (tariffs)
Democrats held little political power
split over free silver and populist programs of candidate William Jennings Bryan who lost by a large margin
Democrats became majority party. Supported social security and statutory minimum wage. Roosevelt the only president to be reelected more than two times. Upon his death in 1945 caused V.P. Harry S. Truman to take office; who was narrowly elected in 1948
Due to his moderate republicanism he was able to the expansion of social security , increase in minimum wage and creation of the Department of Health Education and Welfare. All the while maintaining the traditional republican views of a strong anticommunist stance in foreign affairs, reductions in government regulation of the economy, lower taxes for the wealthy, and resistance to federal civil rights legislation.
Narrowly defeated Richard Nixon. Civil Rights Era; Democrats support of civil rights and racial desegregation caused them to lose allegiance of the Southern supporters.
Took control over country after the sudden death of JFK. He secured passage of the Civil RIghts Act of 1964. However, his support waned because of his strong opposition to Vietnam War.
Moderates gain control of republican party with nomination of Nixon. As a result the southern voters left for anti-integration candidate George C. Wallace
Nixon resigns from office Gerald R. Ford takes over
tax cuts, massive buildup of U.S. military forces
First Female candidate on a major-party ticket
cold war ended, Iraqi armies drive out of Kuwait
Supported international Trade Agreement and cut spending on social programs to reduce budget deficits. Alienated left wing supporters and traditional supporters in stance on organized labor. During second term economic prosperity. Impeached in 1998
War on terrorism (Bush Doctrine) begins after September 11, 2001. Ran on a platform of the "compassionate conservative". Began No Child Left Behind policy for education which increased funding fro school yet more accountability of results.
First African American elected President. In 2012 was reelected for a second term.
First time a majority party in U.S. had a women at top of presidential ticket