History of Nursing

Events

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

-Florence Nightingale and her nurses
-"Mother Seacole"

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Sisters of Charity, Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of the Holy Cross
Dorothea Dix- Superintendent of Women Nurses by Union Army
Mary Ann Bickerdyke- hospital administrator
Clara Barton- founded American Red Cross

US Sanitary Commission

1861

Lobbied for Nursing Schools

Establishment of 3 American nursing Schools

1873

Bellevue Training School for Nurses in NYC
Connecticut Training School for Nurses in New Haven
Boston Training School for Nurses in Massachusetts

Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary

1886

First nursing school offered to blacks

First nursing school for Men in NYC

1886

-Allowed males to become an educated, trained nurse
-Broke the gender discrimination in the profession

Lillian Ward- Henry St. Settlement

1893

Beginning of nursing being viewed as public health

Nurses' Association Alumnae of the US

1896

renamed American Nurses Association in 1911

International Council of Nurses

1899

Sought out to standardize nursing across the globe

American Journal of Nursing published

1900

by the Associated Alumnae of Trained Nurses of the United States which later became the American Nurses Association
Founders: Isabel Hampton Robb, Lavinia Dock, Mary E.P. Davis and Sophia Palmer

Frontier Nursing Service

1925

Offered nursing care to rural areas

Social Security Act

1935

Strengthen public health services

Licensing Exam Established

1947

In order to become a licensed nursing professional, all states created a standardized test

Nursing Officers Status

1947

Awarded full commission status in Army and Navy Nurse Corps

Nursing Advancements

1960

-growth in clinical specializations (cardiac, thoracic, coronary care)
-improvements in psychiatry
-technological advances