First "important" person who started to question the way we learn things. He believed that people should learn by making experiments, not reading books.
Italian mathematician, astronomer and scientist. He was the first person to look at the sky with a telescope, and started to observe the way planets move. He saw that earth wasn't the center of the world, which infuriated the catholic church, and he was thrown into jail
William believed that blood was actually pumped around the body by the heart, and he made numerous experiments on trying to figure out how they worked. For example he pushed thin pieces of wire into veins to see how they'd move, and cut into small animals to see how their hearts worked. He proved that the blood was pumped by the heart through arteries around the body, and returned by veins.
Hooke is most notably knows as the person who invented the microscope. He observed small insects, such as Micrographia (a flea he found in his book).
Antony found out that plants were made out of tiny "rooms", which he later on named cells.
Isaac newton was an English physicist, and mathematician. He published a book in 1687 called "Principia Mathermatica", which is nowadays recognized as the best scientific book ever written. It talked about the laws of motion and gravitation. His theory is that all objects attack each other depending on their mass and distance
He cataloged all living beings into a system that define their relations. he called these "species". These were characterized into "genus"s, or "kind"s. they were placed in the appropriate kind of species due to family, class, order, phylym and kingdom