Mid Term - Western Civilisation

EARLY CIVILIZATIONS

Egypt, Mesopotamia, Hebrews

First Civilizations

5000 BC

First city : Uruk, Mesopotamia

3800 BC

Development of Cuneiform and Hieroglyphic writting

3200 BC

United Kingdom of Egypt

3100 BC

Development of Wheeled Transport

3000 BC

Bronze Age

3000 BC - 1200 BC

Production and use of Bronze becomes basic to society

12 cities in Mesopotamia, colonization

2500 BC

Egyptian Book of the Dead

2100 bc - 1800 bc

King Hammurabi rules over Babylon

1792 BC - 1750 BC

Code of Hammurabi

1780 BC

First Law Code

Exodus from Egypt led by Moses

1250 BCE

Saul King of the Hebrews

1025 BCE - 1005 BCE

Solomon King of the Hebrews

965 BC - 925 BC

Kingdom of Israel destroyed

722 BC

Neo-Babylonian Empire

626 BC - 539 BC

Kingdom of Judah destroyed

587 BC

ANCIENT GREECE

Hellenic (Classical) & Hellenistic (Alexander the Great) Greece

Mionan and Mycenean Civilisations in Greece

1650 BC - 1100 BC

Dark Ages of Greece

1100 B.C. - 750 B.C.

Iron Age

1100 BC - 500 BC

Phoenicians begin to trade in the Mediterranean
Iron becomes most important material for tools and weapons

Rise of Greece

750 BC - 500 BC

Hellenic Greece - Classical Greece

500 BC - 338 BC

Greco-Persian Wars

499 bc - 479 bc

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Life of Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Life of Aristotle

Approx. 384 BCE - 322 BCE

Philip II of Macedon controls Egypt

338 BC - 336 BC

Hellenistic Greece

338 BC - 323 BC

Battle of Charoena - Alexander the Great's first battle

338 BC

Philip II is assassinated

336 BC

Alexander the Great's military campaigns

336 BC - 324 BC

Alexander the Great dies

323 BC

ANCIENT ROME

Republic and Empire, Christianity, Byzantium

Founding of the City of Rome

753 BC

Republic of Rome founded

509 BC

Roman Laws of the Twelve Tables

450 BC

End of the Struggle of the Orders : "All" Roman Citizens are Equal

287 BC

Romans control most of Italy

265 BC

Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

264-201 & 149-146 BC

First Triumvirate

60 BC

Alliance between Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar elected as consul

59 BC

Julius Caesar's dictatorship and death

46 BC - 44 BC

Second Triumvirate

43 BC

Octavian (Caesar's grand-nephew), Mark Anthony and Aemilius Lepidus

Battle of Actium

31 BC

Rome is no longer a Republic, it is now an Empire

Roman conquest of Egypt

30 BC

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Caesar August first Emperor of Rome

27 BC

Roman Empire at its greatest territorial extent

117 AD

Fall of Roman Empire

476 AD

MIDDLE AGES

Carolingian Empire, Rise of Islam, Vikings, Feudalism & Life in the Middle Ages, Decline & Turbulence

Life of Prophet Muhammad

571 AD - 632 AD

Official version of the Qur'an pubished

651

Islam's conquest of Spain

711 AD - 720 AD

Carolingian Renaissance

760 AD - 840 AD

Reign of Charlemagne

768 - 814

Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne

800 AD

Emperor of Rome, crowned by the Pope

Dark Ages of Carolingian Empire (Invasions)

850 AD - 1000 AD

European Revival & Feudal System

1000 - 1300

Christian Crusades

1095 AD - 1291 AD

New class : Merchants

1100

First Hospital

1100

First Universtities

Approx. 1200

Jews expelled from England and France

1290 AD - 1306 AD

Little Ice Age - Decline and Turbulence

1300 - 1450

Great Famine in Northern Europe

1315 - 1322

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

Great Plague (Black Death)

1347 - 1351

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

RENAISSANCE

What is the Renaissance? Renaissance Art

Renaissance

1360 - 1500