Chapters 4-7

Events

Start of Chapter

1441

Starving Time

1609 - 1610

Jamestown, people are starving, ill prepared for New World, only 1/10 settlers live

First Slaves Brought to Colonies

1619

Harvard Founded

1636

Navigation Acts

1651 - 1696

Control colonial trades so GB makes money, no foreign trade to colonies, only export to GB or taxed, colonists pissed

Toleration Act

1689

Act passed in 1661 by King Charles II ordering a stop to religious persecution in MA

William and Mary Founded

1693

Enlightenment

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1780

Universe governed by natural law; John Locke

Yale Founded

1701

The Great Awakening

1730 - 1740

J. Edwards and G. Whitefield give fiery, emoitional preaches

Zenger Case

1735

Established precedent of freedom of press, right to fair trial, cruel and unusual punsihment... leads to Bill of Rights

The Albany Conference

1754

GB watned colonists to make a group effort against France and Indians.; showed colonists couldn't cooperate

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

War fought in Europe, North America, and India; pitted France and it allies against Great Britain and its allies

Quakers 1st Oppose Slavery

1758

French Loss

1760

F overwhelmed and falls to GB

Proclamation of 1763

1763

Colonists are forbade to move West

Pontiac's Rebellion

1763

Ended in stalemate, Indians were pissed GB was trying to take ownership of their land

Treaty of Paris

1763

France loses all of NA land, B gets land East of Miss. R., and Florida; Spain gets land West of Miss. R.

Sugar Act

1764

Stamp Act

1765

Stamp Act Repealed

1766

Colonists celebrate, but the repeal was coupled with the Declaratory Acts being put into place, reasserts power and control over colonists

Townshend Acts

1767

Acts of Parliament passed in 1767 imposing duties on colonial tea, lead, paint, paper and glass

Massachusetts Circular Letter

1768

Samuel Adams, increased hate of the B

Boston Massacre

1770

Paul Rever propoganda, 7 dead, Crispus Attucks first dead,

Tea Act

1773

Infuriated colonists

Boston Tea Party

1773

Sons of Liberty dump tea in harbor

First Continental Congress

1774

Philly, boycott B goods, protest, militias begin to form

Intoleable (Coercive) Acts

1774

Quartering Act; Quebec Act; Punishment for Boston Tea Party

Battle of Bunker Hill

1775

B wins but shows colonists can fight, gives both sides confidence

Lexington and Concord

1775

B go to Concord to disarm colonists; minutemen blovk road at Lexington; minutemen fire at B all the way back to Boston

Second Continental Congress

1775

Decided to put colonies in state of defense; Olive Branch Petition; Declaration of Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms

Declaration of Independence

1776

State Constitutions

1776 - 1780

14 states adopt constitutions, reflect political alingment between opposing parties

Declaration of Rights

1776

15 articles, rule rested in people, government serves people, right to change gov... leads to Bill of Rights

Trenton, Princeton

December 25, 1776

GW sneaks across Delaware R., coupled with win at Princeton, American morale shoots up

Valley Forge

1777 - 1778

Where GW's Continental troops stayed in Pennsylvania

Saratoga

1777

Burgoyne retreats to Saratoga, force captured by Pats

Articles of Confederation

1777

Set up loose confederation of states that comprised the first national government of the US, gave too much power to states not enough to Fed., had little power, only 1 branch

Yorktown

1781

Cornwallis surrenders troops to Pats/French

Treaty of Paris

1783

US independence, set new boundaries, reutrn loyalist possessions, B pulls out of America, Spain gets Florida, open use of Miss. R., neither side lives up to treaties aspects

Land Ordinance

1785

system of orginizing the NW territory, no slavery in these future states,3-5 new states, major accomplishment of A of C is the Land Ordinance

End of Chapter

1786

Vessey Conspiracy

1822

Uprising of slaves and freedman in Charleston

Turner Rebellion

1831

Nat Turner leads slave revolt