Germany

Events

Beer Hall Putsch

Approx. 8 November 1923 - Approx. 9 November 1923

A failed coup attempt by Hitler and other Nazis in an effort to seize power in Munich, Bavaria

Hitler's Putsch trial

February 26 1924

Hitler's trial concerning the Beer Hall Putsch begins, he is accused of treason.

Hitler released form prison

December 20 1924

Hitler is released from the Landsberg Prison after having served only one of the five years sentenced.

Nazi party refounded

February 27, 1925

Hitler gives a speech, the first since his release form prison.

League of Nations

September 10 1926

Germany enters the League of Nations

Wall Street Crash

1929 October 8

24 October Black Thursday stock market crash, the beginning of world economic collapse

Reichtag dissolved

July 16 1930

Reichstag dissolved, therefore Reichspresident ruled by first emergency decree.

Reichtag elections

September 14 1930

Nazi Party becomes the second-largest party, behind the SPD

Unemployment

May 1931

At this point, four million Germans are unemployed.

German bank crisis

July 13 1931

Hindenburg reelected

April 10 1932

Paul von Hindenburg is reelected as President of Germany

Prussian government dissolved

July 20 1932

Franz Von Papen (Chancellor of Germany at the time) dissolves Prussian government.

Reichtag elections

July 31 1932

The Nazi party becomes the largest party in the Reichtag.

Hitler chancellor of Germany

January 30 1933

Hitler was appointed as the chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg.

The Enabling Act

March 24 1933

An act which would grant Hitler temporary plenary powers and give him the freedom to make decisions without the consent of the parliament.

Nazi Party declared Germany's only political party.

July 14 1933

Germany leaves Leauge of Nations

October 14 1933

Non agression pact with Poland

1934

The Night of the Long Knives

June 30 1934

A purge of Nazi leaders by Hitler. He claimed in a speech that 61 jews had been executed while 13 had been shot and three had committed suicide. Others have argued that as many as 400 people were killed during the purge.

Death of Hindenburg

August 2 1934

Germany's President Paul Von Hindenburg dies

Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.

August 19 1934

The Nuremberg Race Laws

1935

The laws deprived German Jews of their rights of citizenship.

Luftwaffe Formed

1935

Anti-commuintern pact with Japan

1936

England were worried about their colonies in Japan is expanding greatly in Manchuria and China

Rhineland

1936

Rhineland repossesed

Hossbach Memorandum

November 1937

Meeting between Hitler and his military and foreign policy leadership where Hitler's future expansionist policies were discussed and outlined.

Anschluss of Austria

1938

Annexation of Chechoslovakia

1938 - 1939

Policy of appeasement - March 1939 Germany annexes the rest of chechoslovakia

Hitler supreme commander

1938

France/England - Poland

February 1939

France and England guarantees Poland's safety, will intervene if necessary.

Molotov Pact

July 1939

Ribbentrop - division of Poland between Germany and Soviet. Germany and Soviet signed a ten-year nonaggression pact in which both parties promised not to attack the other. The German-Soviet Pact enabled Germany to attack Poland without fear of Soviet intervention.

Invasion of Poland

September 1 1939

Hitler invades Poland

England/France declare war

September 3 1939

France and England declares war on Germany.

Nazis invade Denmark and Norway

April 9 1940

Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands

May 10 1940

Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles

August 17 1940

First German air raids on Central London

August 23 1940 - August 24 1940

First British air raid on Berlin

August 25 1940 - August 26 1940

Massive German air raids on major British cities

September 15 1940

Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia

April 6 1941

First experimental use of gas chambers at Auschwitz

September 3 1941

Nazis murder 33,771 Jews at Kiev.

September 29, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Night and Fog decree.

December 7, 1941

Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, Hitler issues the Night and Fog decree.

Hitler declares war on the United States

December 11, 1941

Hitler takes complete control of the German Army

December 19, 1941

Wannsee Conference

January 20, 1942

SS Leader Heydrich holds the Wannsee Conference to outline the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question."

Gassing at Auscwitz

June 1942

Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.

Heydrich dies of wounds

June 4, 1942

Warsaw Ghetto and Treblinka

July 22, 1942

First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps, Treblinka extermination camp opened.

First major defeat of Germany

February 2, 1943

Germans surrender at Stalingrad, the first big defeat of Hitler's armies

Germans surrender in the Crimea

May 12, 1944

German withdrawal to the Adolf Hitler Line

May 15, 1944

D-Day

June 6, 1944

D-Day landings on the northern coast of France.

Assassination attempt against Hitler

July 20, 1944

Assassination attempt by German Army officers against Hitler fails.

Massive German surrender at Aachen, Germany

October 21, 1944

Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.

October 30, 1944

Soviet troops capture Warsaw, Poland

January 17, 1945

Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

January 26, 1945

Last German offensive of the war

March 6, 1945

Last German offensive of the war begins in an effort to defend oil fields in Hungary.

Hitler commits suicide

April 30 1945

German troops in Italy surrender

May 2, 1945

Hermann Göring captured

May 9, 1945

Hermann Göring is captured U.S. Army members.

Allies divide up Germany and Berlin

June 5, 1945

Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.

Nuremberg war crimes trials begin

November 20, 1945