Becoming A Teacher


Boston Latin School


The Boston Latin School was founded. It was the first latin grammar school, a high-quality school for future leaders, and it required students to learn Latin and Greek.

Massachusetts Act of 1642


The Massachusetts Act of 1642 was passed. This law affected families that lived in the colonies, by making it mandatory to report whether or not your child could read or write. If a child was found to be illiterate, the family could be fined or the child could be taken away, which was a turning point for families who had only known of voluntary schooling.

Massachusetts Act of 1647


The Massachusetts Act of 1647 was passed. This required the establishment of schools. This was also a major turning point for families in the colonies, as it required that towns appoint a person to instruct the children in the town and be paid by the townspeople.

African American and Native American School


One of the first schools for African Americans and Native Americans wass created by Elias Neau. It affected the children of slaves at the time, because it allowed them to learn how to read.

Philadelphia Academy


Benjamin Franklin opens the Philadelphia Academy. The school had a broader curriculum that taught more practical subjects, including the English language, instead of only Latin.

Philadelphia African School


The Philadelphia African School was opened. This was one of the first Quaker schools for African Americans and was started by Anthony Benezet, who believed that African Americans were as capable as white people.

A Grammatical Institute of the English Language


Noah Webster introduces his first speller: A Grammatical Institute of the English Language. This was a book used to assist teachers in teaching grammar to students, as well as promoting patriotism and high morals. This book reached over 24 million people, and assisted in developing the new nation.

Native American Reservation Schools


The first federal funds for Native American reservation schools were granted. This backfired, as government involvement caused many natives to not enroll in these schools.

Boston English Classical School


The Boston English Classical School (later the English High School) was founded. This was the first state-supported high school, and began the fight for more state-supported schools.

Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge

March 1824

The University of Virginia is opened which allows Thomas Jefferson to put into action his ideas from his proposed Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge, involving a more uniformed educational system.

McGuffey reader


The first McGuffey reader was published. This was a more elaborate version of Noah Webster’s speller, with six volumes ranging from a first-grade level to a sixth-grade level.

Massachusetts State Board of Education


Horace Mann became the first Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education. Immediately after accepting, Horace Mann began to use his title to improve the quality of education in the public schools.

Public Normal School

July 1839

The first public normal school opened in Lexington, Massachusetts. It was designed to teach teachers. It was also the first school to have a woman administrator, whose name was Electa Lincoln Walton.

Morrill Land-Grant Act


The Morrill Land-Grant Act came into effect. The law made it possible for states to be given land, which they could use to either sell or rent to raise money for the creation of colleges. This was the first step in the federal government assisting in the creation of places for higher education.

Freedmen’s Bureau


The Freedmen’s Bureau was established. This was an organization that affected slaves, as it was created in order to provide a way for free men to learn how to read and write.

First Public Kindergarten


The first public kindergarten opened in St. Louis. Susan Blow was the founder, and her program was widely regarded as a success.

Committee of Ten and Fifteen

1892 - 1893

The Committee of Ten and later, the Committee of Fifteen was formed by NEA. These were committees made up of ten and fifteen people who went on to hold numerous conferences. Each conference discussed a different subject, in order to reexamine the curriculum for high school and elementary schools.

Japanese Segregation in School


Japanese Segregation in School which led to many issues and disjunct education, as well as long-standing prejudice between individuals.

Commission on the Organization of Secondary Education


The Commission on the Organization of Secondary Education was appointed. This commission released a report that called for a more all-around education that accommodated more people’s individual abilities.

Immigration Act

1924 - 1952

The Immigration Act affected many students and their ability to be a part of schools in the same way that privileged native white students were.

Tydings-McDuffie Act


The Tydings McDuffie Act, also named the Philippine Commonwealth and Independence Act, dictated that the Philippines would remain a U.S. territory for ten years, while slowly transitioning into Philippine control. This affected education because it allowed the states to have an influence on policies and affairs, which included education and influenced how the Philippine’s both adopted and adapted from principals within the education system of the United States.

District Size

1939 - 2011

Schools districts have declined from 117,108 in the years 1939-40 to only 13,588, which helps consolidate decisions and management.

Lanham Act


The Lanham Act was created. This was a law that accommodated workers in war plants and their families, by the government providing funding for the building of schools and childcare for the worker’s family.

Japanese Internment Camps

1942 - 1946

The Japanese people suffered similar injustices to the Jewish people in the Holocaust, and it affected a large portion of the population’s education, because the Japanese population in the internment camps were provided very little to no education, and their children were mostly educated informally by their parents if anything, which affected that portion of the population and their ability to re-integrate into the world for a period of time.

G.I. Bill of Rights


The G.I. Bill of Rights was signed into law. This law affected veterans by providing funding to them for tuition and board after their service for the country. It helped increase the university population both by the young, and with an older, non-traditional population of veterans.

Brown vs. Board of Education


An important court case overturns segregation in schools. The case legally overturned segregation in schools and caused uproar in the states as they began trying to intentionally desegregate schools. In some cases, it gave blacks more opportunity toward a privileged education, but for a long period of time, it also negatively impacted education because the students forced into schools had to travel a long way to get to a school environment where they did not safe and could often not effectively learn.

Head Start


Low income families have their children being promoted to learn more through the Head Start project.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

April 1965

President Lyndon Johnson signs into law the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This makes it possible for poorer schools to get more government funding and resources than schools with more money, creating more equal opportunities for poorer students. The act includes Title I, which gives special instruction to eligible children.

Bilingual Education Act


This was under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and was the first legislation to recognize and account for the needs of students with "Limited English Speaking Abilities". It helped redefine education for a large portion of the population who was struggling to understand and keep up with the curriculum that was not designed for them.

Title IX of Education Amendments Act


Title IX of Education Amendments Act was created with many different functionalities and intentions in mind, but its main goal was to prohibit discrimination against different sexes. This way, no one was prohibited from participation or allowances in education.

Women's Education Equity Act


Furthering Title IX of the Education Amendments Act, the Women's Education Equity Act aimed to further improve equality in education for women, so that women did not face discrimination of unequal opportunities in education due to their gender.

Equal Educational Opportunity Act


This was another act to help eliminate discrimination toward both adults and minors in the education. It was created in attempt to further eliminate discrimination and segregation in the schools. It also aimed to hold school more accountable for ensuring all students had the ability to participate equally in their own education.

Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

June 1975

This Act aimed to begin a new reform for children with disabilities. It required that students with disabilities have equality and individualized education plans, as well as one free meal a day, so that their education would be fitting of their needs as education fit to the general population of students. Essentially it helped to better create equality of outcome for students rather than equality of initial opportunities. It also helped spur more understanding of the needs of disabled students and helped create a more well-rounded education system that was inclusive of all student's needs.

Desegregation of Schools


The desegregation of schools began in Chicago with a court-ordered desegregation plan which mandated that students be bussed to schools that were over district lines in order to help desegregate the differences in socioeconomic background and race.

Education Consolidation and Improvement Act


The Education Consolidation and Improvement Act gave states more options for spending federal money, but consequently caused them to be allocated a lot less money to spend.

McKinney-Vento Act


The McKinney-Vento Act was passed. It affected homeless people, as it was the first law to assist them by requiring states to provide homeless children with a free public education.

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards


The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards was established. The organization affected teachers, by allowing them to demonstrate their mastery of teaching skills and become board certified on the national level.

Kentucky Education Reform Act


The Kentucky Education Reform Act passed, which required all schools to have a school-based management council in order to set policy and correct issues within each school and better help the students immediately in their areas.

Privatization Movement


Minnesota passed the first laws in the nation for charter schools, which led to the privatization movement for outcome-based schools, depending on the success of students to continue running.

LGBTQ Rights


Massachusetts became the first state against gay/lesbian discrimination in 1993. Massachusetts Governor William weld published the Making Schools Safe for Gay and Lesbian Youth, which served to report policies that schools created in order to protect LGBT students.

Chicago Reform Act


Chicago Reform Act awarded Mayor Richard M. Daley control over Chicago’s schools so that he could try to improve the student achievement and the fiscal problems.

Praxis Series

Approx. 1995

The Praxis Series replaces the National Teacher Examination. The series is a three-part assessment that potential teachers take near the end of their schooling. This assessment tests whether teachers are competent in their specific subject area.

Indian Affairs


The United States apologize to the Bureau of Indian affairs.

NEAFT Partnership


The NEAFT Partnership was created. This partnership was created by combining the National Education Association (NEA) and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), and it served the interests of teachers and students. The merger helped build relationships between educators, and promote the improvement of teaching.

No Child Left Behind Act

January 2002

President George Bush signed into effect the No Child Left Behind Act. This affected students by requiring them to be prepared to pass state proficiency exams. Schools are now required to give evidence of adequate yearly progress of all students.

21st Century Community Learning Center


The 21st Century Community Learning Center program was established as part of the No Child Left Behind Act. It helped students in low-performing and resource-poor schools by providing federal funding to community learning centers that would tutor children during non-school hours.

Harvey Milk School


Harvey Milk creates the first gay/lesbian/transgender/bisexual school. The Harvey Milk School opens in New York. This becomes a huge spur toward the nation's aim of equality, as the school was the nation’s first to create an environment specifically for students of the LGBT community, where they felt included, educated in their own needs, and comfortable and safe to learn.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act


The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was a four-part law that promised students with disabilities would have the right to an education that would be specialized to fit their needs. It was a furtherment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, and further promotion of equality for all students.

The Great Recession


The Great Recession affected local, state, and federal budgets, which severely impacted the agency in schools.

People for the American Way


People for the American Way determined that between 1990 and 2000, there were 6,364 censorship challenges.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

February 2009

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was created in response to the 2008 funding crisis. This included $100 billion for education, which helped to reduce teacher layoffs.

Achievement School District


Tennessee changes from a traditional school district to an Achievement School District to help low achieving students, who often had difficult socioeconomic backgrounds, to better succeed.

Rosa's Law


Retardation is renamed as an Intellectual Disability, and helps decrease unfriendly prejudice against those with disabilities. Barack Obama signed Rosa’s Law.

Race to the Top Program

March 2010

President Barack Obama presented A Blueprint for Reform, which introduced the Race to the Top Program. The program gave opportunity for multiple states and districts to submit a detailed proposal for reforming schools and be awarded federal grant money.

Sandy Hook Shooting

December 2012

The Sandy Hook Shooting occurred. The US Secret Service and the US Department of Education then released a guide to help schools try and prevent these acts of violence. It also prompted most schools have developed a crisis management plan in case a situation arose in the school.

Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation

July 2013

The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation was launched. The goal of was to raise teacher standards in the accreditation program. The hope was that this would improve the performance quality of students going through teacher education programs.

Education Nation Summit

October 2013

NBC News hosted the fourth-annual “Education Nation Summit” in New York City. These summits affect Americans because they help us appreciate the work of teachers in our modern-day society.