HI233 Exam 1

Events

Discovery of New World

1492

Potatoes and corn
Increase in population
Increase in trade and specie
End of Ottoman trade control

Scientific Revolution

1500 - 1700

Western Europe
Understood world through natural laws vs religion
Isaac Newton, Nicholas Copernicus

Protestant Reformation

1517

Martin Luther and 95 Theses
Catholic church had so much power
Reformation caused religious plurality
St. Bartholomew massacre (1572)

Inca Empire falls to Spanish

1572

94% of population died of smallpox carried by Europeans

East India Company

1600

Controlled trade in East Indies
Started colonizing India
Produced cotton textiles

Enlightenment (Age of Reason)

1632 - 1800

Change from subjects --> citizens
Began with John Locke

Qing dynasty begins

1644

John Locke

1660

Checks and balances
Separation of church and state
Private property
Social contract between people and government

Calico Acts

1700

Banned cotton from India
Britain started making their own cotton textiles

AMERICAN REVOLUTION

1775 - 1783

Colonists angry over increased taxes without representation
Not much changed, same people remained elite, still slavery

Adam Smith: Father of Modern Capitalism

1776

John Stuart Mill: Society is a tyranny

1776

FRENCH REVOLUTION

1789 - 1870

3 estates: clergy, nobles, commoners
Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen
GOAL: de-Christianize French society
3 stages: Moderate stage, Radical Stage, The Directory
Radical Stage=Reign of Terror: violent reign of ROBESPIERRE

HAITIAN REVOLUTION

1791 - 1804

Inspired by American and French Revolutions
Inspired revolutions in South America

2nd Scientific Revolution

1800 - 1900

The quantum (Einstein)
The gene (Mendel)
The unconscious (Freud)

Congress of Vienna

1815

Important turning point to modern world
purpose=create peace plan for Europe after Napoleon and French revolution
kept monarchies in power

First Mexican Empire

1821

French invasion of Algeria

1830

Chamber of Deputies pushed for liberal reforms; dissolved by Charles X

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Bloodiest civil war
failed after 14 years
Fought for liberal policies

Indian Rebellion of 1857

1857

India vs British East India Company
Indian government was eventually taken over by British crown

Serfdom abolished in Russia

1861

Serfdom made Russia late to industrialize

Satsuma Rebellion

1877

Samurais against military reform
Battle of Shiroyama
Samurai lose

Thousand Days' War

1899 - 1902

Colombia
Liberals vs. conservatives
Liberals wanted stronger regional government, voting, separation of church and states
Conservatives wanted the opposite
Brazil remained stable tho bc of the monarchy