A long religious war that gave the Christians a chance to catch up with the Muslims in technology.
Time period where the people of Europe improved on the quality of their life through arts and culture.
A military society that comprised of Ghazis and Emirs. They originated from southwest Asia and were the first to use cannons in battle.
Time period where humanism and scientific ideas began to rise in favor of spontaneous and supernatural beliefs.
An era in China where commander Hongwu drove the Mongols out of China. During this time, a philosopher name Confucius spread his political ideas of Confucianism through China.
Time period where Europe was sailing across water in search of new trade routes to Asia. This lead to the discovery of North and South America.
Ruler of the Ottoman Empire. He conquered Constantinople and opens it up to other religions.
A period in Japan where individual states are at war with each other.
The Grand Prince of Moscow that conquered the areas around Moscow, liberating Russia from the Mongols and centralizing the Russian government.
Cortes lands on Mexico to control it for Spain.
The ruler of the Ottoman Empire who pushed into Central Europe.
An Empire that was established in India that had a series of inefficient rulers. They also built the Taj Mahal.
A period in Russia under Ivan the Terrible's rule. He obtained more land, and created law codes.
Nicknamed "Ivan the Terrible," he was the first czar of Russia. He marries Anasthesia Romanov.
A period of time under Ivan the Terrible's rule, which lasted until his death. He creates a police force to punish the Boyars, the people he blamed for Anasthesia's death. He then kills his own son. He dies three years later.
This was the first European settlement within North America. It didn't last because of how everyone mysteriously disappeared.
Japan enters a state of isolation, preventing them from interacting with the rest of the world.
An order that was created by Tokugawa Ieyasu, a general that unified all of Japan after the Sengoku period.
The first permanent English settlement within North America.
Thirteen English colonies that were established along side the eastern coast of North America. These colonies later break free from Britain's control.
A war between the English Parliament and King Charles that started because the king broke the Petition of Rights. Parliament wins the war and King Charles is executed.
An Era in China where the Manchus conquered China. The resulting leaders reduced taxes, gave government jobs, and established foreign trade.
A time period where people were advancing and making the transition to new manufacturing processes.
A war between the British colonies and France over the Ohio territory in North America. France allied with the Native Americans while the colonists allied with Great Britain. The colonists win the war.
Company that gained control of India with its own army. It then allowed Great Britain to imperialize India.
A war that was between Great Britain and the colonists on North America. The colonists win and gain their independence from Great Britain.
A statement that was signed by the officials of the Thirteen Colonies. It declared their independence from Great Britain.
Time of political and social unrest within France because of their poor financial state. This resulted in Napoleon Bonaparte rising to power as the leader of France.
A war between Russia and the Ottomans. Russia wanted the Ottomans' warm water port and decided to fight them for it. The Ottomans sought for help from Europe. The Ottomans win the war, but they reveal how weak they are to Europe.
A conference held between the European countries to see who would control certain parts of Africa.
European countries each take control of individual sections of Africa through imperialism.
A large war that involved many European countries in the triple alliance and triple entente. It ends up becoming one of the bloodiest wars in history while also setting the stage for World War 2 to start.
He was the heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne and was assassinated by Serbians and sparked the start of World War 1.