Crusades introduces many eastern items to Europe. Leads Europeans to seek trade with eastern markets. Directly influences Marco Polo's journey.
Italian merchant, specifically from northern Italy. He reaches the China and establishes trade with China. This trade would benefit the merchants of northern Italy, directly leading to the birth of the Renaissance.
Started the Ottoman Empire. Replaced archers with musketmen. Improved the lives of peasants that were conquered. Muslims had to serve in army, non-muslims had to pay tax to not serve in army.
Renaissance starts in Northern Italy and spreads throughout Europe. Eventually it ends up in England.
Ming Dynasty established by Hongwu. Expels Mongolians from China.
Commander of the Chinese forces, defeats Mongols and begins the Ming Dynasty. Immediately begins reforms. Agricultural reforms restores Chinese lands to the Chinese. Brings stability to China and returns to Confucian beliefs.
Burned Baghdad. Halted the Ottoman Empire from expanding west, turned his attention to the east.
Moves royal court to Beijing. Seeks an expansion to his tributary system.
Prince Henry "The Navigator" establishes the School of Navigation in Portugal. Trains explorers for future expeditions.
China begins its policy of isolation. Only government can conduct foreign trade. Demand for Chinese goods are on the rise in Europe. The Dutch are the only European country that is allowed to trade with China.
Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press. This made it easier for ideas to spread.
Conquers Constantinople & Egypt.
Known as the warring period in Japan. Samurai seized feudal estates, offered peasants protection in exchange for loyalty.
Reaches the tip of southern Africa, large storm pushes him into the Indian Ocean.
Christopher Columbus Sales to the West Indies
Inherits kingdom as 11 years old. Builds an army and conquers India. Brilliant General.
Sails around the tip of southern Africa, continues his journey and reaches Calcutta in India.
Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal
Amerigo Vespucci travels down the east coast of South America, realizes it is not Asia, it is a new world.
The reign of King Henry VIII. Most known for his wives and for starting the Reformation in England.
Ponce de Leon claims the territory of modern day Florida for Spain.
Balboa crosses Panama, becomes first European to see the Pacific Ocean
Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses
The reformation spreads throughout Europe. Starts with Martin Luther's 95 theses, ends with the Treaty of Augsburg.
Magellan's crew, NOT MAGELLAN, sails around the world
Cortes lands in Mexico
Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
Controlled eastern Mediterranean. and North African Coast. Pushed into central Europe. Created law codes and limited taxes.
Cortes and his 600 men conquers the Aztecs.
Occurs for 3 reasons:
1. Spanish Weaponry and Armor
2. Native Groups Help
3. Spanish Disease
Nearly loses everything that his father, Babur, accomplished.
Pizzaro lands a force of 200 men in Peru.
Pizarro conquers Inca. 200 men defeat 30,000 Inca warriors. Kidnap leader of Inca and eventually execute him.
High ranking Catholic church officials meet to determine how they will stop the Reformation.
Also known as the Counter Reformation, primary goal is to rebuild the power of the Catholic Church. Banned the selling of indulgences and sought to spread Christianity to new places in the world.
Ends the Reformation. Allows rulers to choose the religion within their country.
Recognized military as the root to his power. Believed aggressive actions would deter neighbors. Equipped army with artillery. Married Hindu women, abolished non-Muslim tax. Created a tax policy, land policy, and promoted the arts.
England enters the Elizabethan Age. It's the Renaissance in England.
Sets out to destroy the remaining Daimyo. By 1590 he controls most of the country and in 1592 he invades Korea.
Colony of Roanoke founded.
Defeats rivals and succeeds in unifying Japan. Capital of Japan moved to Edo, eventually becomes Tokyo. To keep Daimyo from rebelling he institutes a new policy forcing Daimyo to live at the capital every other year, but their families must live there full time. Creator of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Is leader only in title. His wife, Nur Jahan is the true ruler. Sikhs become target of Muslims.
Colony of Jamestown founded.
Machurians conquer China, but take a Chinese name, Qing. Upheld Confucian beliefs.
Secures throne by killing rival. Builds Taj Mahal for his wife. The people suffer and pay heavy taxes during his reign.
Japan is closed. Nagasaki remains open to trade, but only the Chinese and Dutch are allowed. Japan forbids people from leaving.
Executes older brother to secure the throne. Expands Mughal Empire to its greatest size. Oppresses the people by enforcing Islamic Laws, bringing back non-Muslim tax, and banned non-Muslims from the government.
Reduced government expenses and lowered taxes. Gave intellectuals government jobs.
Grandson of Kangxi. China reaches its greatest size. Extremely hardworking, said to rise at dawn to work on the countries problems. Foreigners must follow Chinese rules to trade.