World History

Events

The Crusades

1096 - 1270

Crusades introduces many eastern items to Europe. Leads Europeans to seek trade with eastern markets. Directly influences Marco Polo's journey.

Marco Polo Reaches China

1275

Italian merchant, specifically from northern Italy. He reaches the China and establishes trade with China. This trade would benefit the merchants of northern Italy, directly leading to the birth of the Renaissance.

Osman

1299 - 1323

Started the Ottoman Empire. Replaced archers with musketmen. Improved the lives of peasants that were conquered. Muslims had to serve in army, non-muslims had to pay tax to not serve in army.

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Renaissance starts in Northern Italy and spreads throughout Europe. Eventually it ends up in England.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Ming Dynasty established by Hongwu. Expels Mongolians from China.

Hongwu

1368 - 1398

Commander of the Chinese forces, defeats Mongols and begins the Ming Dynasty. Immediately begins reforms. Agricultural reforms restores Chinese lands to the Chinese. Brings stability to China and returns to Confucian beliefs.

Timur the Lame

1370 - 1405

Burned Baghdad. Halted the Ottoman Empire from expanding west, turned his attention to the east.

Yonglo

1398 - 1424

Moves royal court to Beijing. Seeks an expansion to his tributary system.

Zheng He Voyage 1

1405

Zheng He Voyage 2

1407

Zheng He Voyage 3

1409

Zheng He Voyage 4

1413

Zheng He Voyage 5

1417

Prince Henry Establishes School of Navigation

1419

Prince Henry "The Navigator" establishes the School of Navigation in Portugal. Trains explorers for future expeditions.

Zheng He Voyage 6

1421

Zheng He Voyage 7

1430

China Withdraws from World

1433

China begins its policy of isolation. Only government can conduct foreign trade. Demand for Chinese goods are on the rise in Europe. The Dutch are the only European country that is allowed to trade with China.

Printing Press Invented

1440

Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press. This made it easier for ideas to spread.

Mehmed II

1451 - 1481

Conquers Constantinople & Egypt.

Sengoku Period

1467 - 1568

Known as the warring period in Japan. Samurai seized feudal estates, offered peasants protection in exchange for loyalty.

Bartolomeu Dias' Journey

1488

Reaches the tip of southern Africa, large storm pushes him into the Indian Ocean.

Columbus' Journey

1492

Christopher Columbus Sales to the West Indies

Babur

1494 - 1530

Inherits kingdom as 11 years old. Builds an army and conquers India. Brilliant General.

Vasco de Gama's Journey

1497

Sails around the tip of southern Africa, continues his journey and reaches Calcutta in India.

Cabral Reaches Brazil

1500

Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal

Vespucci's Journey

1501

Amerigo Vespucci travels down the east coast of South America, realizes it is not Asia, it is a new world.

Michelangelo Paints Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

The reign of King Henry VIII. Most known for his wives and for starting the Reformation in England.

Ponce de Leon

1513

Ponce de Leon claims the territory of modern day Florida for Spain.

Balboa's Journey

1513

Balboa crosses Panama, becomes first European to see the Pacific Ocean

95 Theses

1517

Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses

The Reformation

1517 - 1555

The reformation spreads throughout Europe. Starts with Martin Luther's 95 theses, ends with the Treaty of Augsburg.

Magellan's Journey

1519

Magellan's crew, NOT MAGELLAN, sails around the world

Cortes lands in Mexico

1519

Cortes lands in Mexico

Charles V

1519 - 1556

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

Suleyman the Lawgiver

1520 - 1566

Controlled eastern Mediterranean. and North African Coast. Pushed into central Europe. Created law codes and limited taxes.

Cortes Conquers Aztecs

1521

Cortes and his 600 men conquers the Aztecs.
Occurs for 3 reasons:
1. Spanish Weaponry and Armor
2. Native Groups Help
3. Spanish Disease

Humayun

1530 - 1556

Nearly loses everything that his father, Babur, accomplished.

Pizarro lands in Peru

1532

Pizzaro lands a force of 200 men in Peru.

Pizarro Conquers Inca

1533

Pizarro conquers Inca. 200 men defeat 30,000 Inca warriors. Kidnap leader of Inca and eventually execute him.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

High ranking Catholic church officials meet to determine how they will stop the Reformation.

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1648

Also known as the Counter Reformation, primary goal is to rebuild the power of the Catholic Church. Banned the selling of indulgences and sought to spread Christianity to new places in the world.

Treaty of Augsburg

1555

Ends the Reformation. Allows rulers to choose the religion within their country.

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Recognized military as the root to his power. Believed aggressive actions would deter neighbors. Equipped army with artillery. Married Hindu women, abolished non-Muslim tax. Created a tax policy, land policy, and promoted the arts.

Elizabethan Age

1558 - 1603

England enters the Elizabethan Age. It's the Renaissance in England.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

1585 - 1598

Sets out to destroy the remaining Daimyo. By 1590 he controls most of the country and in 1592 he invades Korea.

Roanoke

1587

Colony of Roanoke founded.

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1600 - 1616

Defeats rivals and succeeds in unifying Japan. Capital of Japan moved to Edo, eventually becomes Tokyo. To keep Daimyo from rebelling he institutes a new policy forcing Daimyo to live at the capital every other year, but their families must live there full time. Creator of the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Jahangir

1605 - 1627

Is leader only in title. His wife, Nur Jahan is the true ruler. Sikhs become target of Muslims.

Jamestown

1607

Colony of Jamestown founded.

Qing Dynasty

1614 - 1912

Machurians conquer China, but take a Chinese name, Qing. Upheld Confucian beliefs.

Sha Jahan

1628 - 1658

Secures throne by killing rival. Builds Taj Mahal for his wife. The people suffer and pay heavy taxes during his reign.

Japan Withdraws from World

1639

Japan is closed. Nagasaki remains open to trade, but only the Chinese and Dutch are allowed. Japan forbids people from leaving.

Aurangzeb

1658 - 1707

Executes older brother to secure the throne. Expands Mughal Empire to its greatest size. Oppresses the people by enforcing Islamic Laws, bringing back non-Muslim tax, and banned non-Muslims from the government.

Kangxi

1661 - 1722

Reduced government expenses and lowered taxes. Gave intellectuals government jobs.

Qian-Long

1735 - 1796

Grandson of Kangxi. China reaches its greatest size. Extremely hardworking, said to rise at dawn to work on the countries problems. Foreigners must follow Chinese rules to trade.