Caldwell: History of Microbiology Timeline

Events

Sumerians learn how to brew beer

2,000 BC

bubonic plague

1347

Janssen invents the compound microscope

1590

Robert Hooke saw cells through cork

1665

Antony Leeuwenhoek observed "little animals"

1677

Jenner discovers first smallpox vaccination

1796

Pasteur develops pasteurization

1861

Germ theory first proof with discover of anthrax- Robert Koch

1876

Growth of Bacteria on solid media

1881

Ehrilch- acid-fast stain

1882

Gram developed gram stain

1884

Louis Pasteur- first rabies vaccination

1885

Paul Ehrlich discovered cure for syphilis

1885

Petri developed petri dish

1887

Discovery of diphtheria antitoxin serum

1890

Ivanovski discovered viruses

1892

First discover of bacteriophage- Frederick Twort

1915

Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin as a antibiotic

1928

Frederick Griffith- discovered transformation in bacteria

1928

transduction discovered -Lederberg and Zinder

1952

Watson and Crick Describe Double Helix

1953

Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer developed recombinant DNA technology

1973

Herbert Boyer used E coli bacteria to produce human insulin

1977

First microbial genomic sequence published

1995

German and Swiss scientist developed golden rice fortified with betacotene

1999