Gov Chapter 3


Dual Federalism Era

1789 - 1902

An era in which there was a lack of communication between the National and State Governments. -- NATIONAL but its when power was separated

Marshall Court

1801 - 1835

ohn marshall was a chief justice from 1801-1835. During his time he dealt with cases to help dispute and by answering questions about the balance of powers. Always leaned FEDERAL

Mcculloch v. Maryland

2/22/1819 - 3/6/1819

State tried to tax a Federal bank. Federal governement doesn’t have to pay State taxes Result - Marshall says that the power to tax is the power to destroy.
Supremacy Clause comes in clutch
Can the Federal Government have a bank?
Necessary and Proper clause says that they can build a bank. -- FEDERAL

Gibbons vs. Ogden


Chief Justice John Marshall claimed that Congress had the right to regulate commerce in the spirit of the supremacy clause.

Basically about the State of New York granted a monopoly. Federal government needed a part of that business. Goes to Court. Marshall sides with Federal
Marshall says that the Federal Government has the right to regulate commerce according to the Commerce Clause
Marshall basically gives these clauses a push to be used for the Federal side.

Taney Court

1836 - 1864

Senate rejected the appointment due to Taney's controversial undoing of the bank. When Chief Justice John Marshall died in 1836, Jackson renominated his ally and Taney was confirmed, becoming the fifth Supreme Court Chief Justice -- STATE because Dred Scott

Dred Scott vs Sanford

March 6th, 1857

the Supreme Court ruled that Americans of African descent, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court-- STATE

14th Amendment

July 9th, 1868

everyone has equal protection under the law in the eyes of the court. -- FEDERAL

15th Amendment

February 3rd, 1870

Slaves now have the power to vote in all of the United States -- FEDERAL

Interstate Commerce Act


The Interstate Commerce Act made railroads the first business subject to federal regulation. The act set guidelines for how the railroad could do business. It required rate changes, prohibited special rates, and established a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) -- FEDERAL

Sherman anti-trust act


the first Federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices. -- FEDERAL

Plessy V. Ferguson


The case came from Louisiana, which in 1890 adopted a law providing for “equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races” on its railroads. In 1892, passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a Jim Crow car. He was brought before Judge John H. Ferguson of the Criminal Court for New Orleans, who upheld the state law. The law was challenged in the Supreme Court on grounds that it conflicted with the 13th and 14th Amendments. -- STATE

Sixteenth Amendment

February 3, 1913

Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. --FEDERAL

Seventeenth Amendment

April 8, 1913

established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states. -- People POWER

Cooperative Federalism Era

1930 - 1970

Cooperative Federalism is a concept of federalism in which national, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems, rather than making policies separately. -- BOTH

New Deal


a series of social liberal programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. Headed by FDR, used FEDERAL powers to help states

LBJ’s Great Society Begins and Grants Increase

1964 - 1965

He challenged Americans to build a "Great Society" that increased aid to education, attack on disease, Medicare, urban renewal, beautification, conservation, development of depressed regions, a wide-scale fight against poverty, control and prevention of crime and delinquency, removal of obstacles to the right to vote. -- FEDERAL

Reagan introduces New Federalism


decreased the size and influence of the federal government and making it more efficient -- STATE

Thirteenth Amendment


abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. FEDERAL

Rehnquist Court

1986 - 2005

William Rehnquist was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Richard Nixon in 1971. He was elevated to the post of chief justice by President Ronald Reagan in 1986. He remained chief justice until his death in 2005. -- STATE because of US. vs. Lopez.

Patriot Act

October 26 2001

Gave the Federal Government the power to intercept any messages related to an ongoing terrorist investigation. Signed by George Bush in response to 9/11 terror attacks. -- NATIONAL

No Child Left Behind

01/08/2002 - 07/14/2013

George W. Bush signed this act into law. Used the power of the federal government to make states pay for legislature. This is an example of an Unfunded Mandate. -- FEDERAL

Roberts Court

2005 - September 1, 2016

The Roberts Court refers to the Supreme Court of the United States since 2005, under the leadership of Chief Justice John G.Roberts. Was inducted by a Conservative president - bush - but Roberts is a swing Justice.Leans national on immigration and health care. -- FEDERAL because he voted in US. vs. Arizona