Depth and Breadth Studies

Events

George III

1760 - 1820

Pitt, The Younger

1783 - 1801

American war of Independence (B)

September 1783

The US had declared themselves independent from the UK
The UK wanted to gain the US back

'Rights of Men' published (D)

August 1791

Thomas Paine's book defending the principles of the French Revolution (against Edmund Burke's conservative attack on it) and arguing that the government must protect the rights of people

London Corresponding Society formed (D)

January 1792

Radical group of artisans, tradesmen and shopkeepers
To ensure universal suffrage for British men and annual parliaments

Addington

1801 - 1804

Pitt, The Younger

1804 - 1806

Grenville

1806 - 1807

Duke of Portland

1807 - 1809

Perceval

1809 - 1812

Luddism (D)

1811 - 1816

Textile workers protest against new technologies

The Hampden Club (Cartwright) formed (B)

1812

Promote the idea of a forum for political acivism

Earl of Liverpool

1812 - 1827

Britain defeats Napolean in War (B)

November 1815

Spa Fields Meeting (D)

November 1816

10,000 people
Official object was to seek popular support for the delivery of a petition to the Prince Regent

Seditious meetings Act (D)

March 1817

Made it illegal to hold a meeting of more than 50 people

Pentrich Rising (D)

June 1817

Group of 200-300 men, lightly armed
Aimed to wipe the National Debt

Six Act (D)

1819

Aimed at suppressing any meetings for the purpose of radical reform

Peterloo Massacre (D)

1819

Cavalry charged onto 60,000-80,000 who gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation

Demand for reform develops (B)

1820 - 1832

George IV

1820 - 1830

Goderich

1827 - 1828

Canning

1827

Duke of Wellington

1828 - 1830

Earl Grey

1830 - 1834

Another revolution in France (B)

1830

The overthrow of King Charles X, the French bourbon monarch and the ascent of Louis-Philippe

William IV

1830 - 1837

Great Reform Act (B)

1832

Introduced wide-ranging changes in the electoral system of England and Wales

Factory Act (D)

1833

Aimed to improve conditions for children working in factories

Bribe Revolution in France (B)

1833

New Poor Laws (D)

1834

Designed to reduce the cost of looking after the poor
Stopped giving money except in exceptional circumstances

Melbourne

1834

Peel

1834 - 1835

Melbourne

1835 - 1841

Whig majority but Tory gains (B)

1835

Municipal Corporations Act (D)

1835

Reform program of the Whigs
Reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs in England and Wales

Working class excluded from Local Government (B)

1835

Victoria

1837 - 1901

Corn Laws introduced (B)

1838

Imposed restrictions and tariffs on imported grain

Chartism National Convention (D)

1839

Comprised delegates sent comprised from different parts of the country
Followed a series of speech making tours

Chartism Petitions (D)

1839 - 1848

Urged parliament to adopt three main petitions

Newport Rising (D)

November 1839

Last large scale armed revolution against authority in Britain

Peel

1841 - 1846

Earl Russell

1846 - 1852

Kennington Common meeting (D)

1848

Earliest known photograph of a mass demonstration

Earl of Aberdeen

1852 - 1855

Earl of Derby

1852

The Crimean War (D)

1854 - 1856

Palmerston

1855 - 1858

Abolition of Property qualification for MPs (B)

1857

Meant working classmen could stand for the election

Earl of Derby

1858 - 1859

Palmerston

1859 - 1865

Contagious Diseases Act introduced (D)

1864

Allowed police to arrest women suspected of being prostitutes
Women arrested and were subjected to mandatory vanerial disease checks

Disraeli

1865 - 1868

Earl Russell

1865 - 1866

Earl of Derby

1866 - 1868

"The Sovereign has three rights-consult encourage, warn" - W.Bagehot (B)

1867

That the British monarch has these 3 rights

Gladstone

1868 - 1874

Trade Union Congress formed (D)

1868

National Trade Union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade Unions

The Ballot Act (B)

1872

Introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections in the UK to be held be secret ballot

Disraeli

1874 - 1880

Gladstone

1880 - 1885

Third Reform Act (B)

1884

To target rural areas that has been byassed by the 1867 Act

Marquis of Salisbury

1885 - 1886

Redistribution Act (B)

1885

A piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the house of commons

Marquis of Salisbury

1885 - 1886

Gladstone

1886

Marquis of Salisbury

1886 - 1892

Gladstone

1892 - 1894

Emily Davidson killed (D)

October 1892

Stepped in front of King George V's horse and died from her injuries

Earl of Rosebery

1894 - 1895

Marquis of Salisbury

1895 - 1902

Labour representation committee reformed (B)

1900

Pressure group founded in 1900 aimed at increasing representation for labour interests in the UK

Edward VII

1901 - 1910

Balfour

1902 - 1905

WSPU formed (D)

October 1903

Women's social and political movement
Best known for campaigning for the suffragette movement

Campbell-Bannermann

1905 - 1908

Liberal victory

1906

Queen Victoria tries to avoid appointing Gladstone (Liberal) as PM, but she fails

Asquith

1908 - 1916

George V

1910 - 1936

Conciliation Bills (D)

1910 - 1912

Extend the right of women to vote in the UK and Ireland to around 1,000,500 wealthy, property-owning women

The Corrupt Practices Act (B)

1910

Regulated Campaign finance in federal elections

Parliament Act (B)

1911

Chartists demanded for ordinary people to join government

Glasgow Rent Strike (D)

1915

Thousands flocked to Glasgow, so rent went up
Women outraged as men were at war

George

1916 - 1922

Representation of the People Act (B)

1918

Widened suffrage by abolishing practically all property qualifications for men

40 Hour Strike (D)

1919

Led by Clyde Workers' Committee to secure a reduced working week to 40 hours

Bonar Law

1922 - 1923

Baldwin

1923 - 1924

MacDonald

1924

Baldwin

1924 - 1929

General Strike (D)

1926

Called in an attempt to force the Government to act to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for 1.2 million locked-out coal miners