Byzas is believed to be the founder of the Greek settlement Byzantium; it eventually became a major port.
A Persian, Darius I, conquers and destroys Byzantium.
Byzantium was fought over by Sparta and Athens.
Byzantium is rebuilt by the Spartans.
Alexander the great gains control of Byzantium
tribute imposed by Celts on city; war between Byzantium and Rhodes 1st and 2nd centuries B.C.: city helpful to Rome in several wars, but city then controlled by Rome
Byzantium was captured and controlled by the Roman Emperor Severus
under the rule of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, Byzantium became the eastern center of the Roman Empire.
The eastern roman empire was defeated by the west and Byzantium was renamed Constantinople after it's new developer Constantine
after the fall of the Roman Empire, Constantinople became the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
Emperor Justinian further develops Constantinople as the capital of the Byzantine Empire in religion, laws, architecture, etc.
The city of Constantinople adapts Greek culture.
In the 7th and 8th century, numerous Arabic or Muslim invasions on the city leads to the shrinking of the Byzantine Empire.
Throughout the 9th and 11th century, Emperor Basil I reclaims Constantinople's former reputation as well as revive Greek culture in art, literature, exc.
Constantinople and Rome are divided by dispute between religious beliefs and become terminate affiliation. Rome, papacy and Constantinople, Greek Orthodox
after numerous attacks by the crusaders (starting around the 11th centaury), Constantinople is finally captured.
The Byzantine Empire loses its land in Asia to the Ottoman Turks
Constantinople is finally taken by growing Ottoman empire and made its capital; the city is again renamed and becomes Istanbul
Under the rule of Sultan Suleiman I, Istanbul is prosperous, and is known for being a center of learning and religious tolerant.
The Byzantine Empire declined and was replaced by the growing Ottoman Empire.