Genocides Over History

Events

Native American Genocide

1492 - 1999

Known as the "500 year of wars." When the Europeans arrived, they wanted to take control over the New World's natural resources, but the only thing standing in their way were the native people who weren't willing to share. Over the years their were different people who slaughtered different tribes. For example, Francisco Pizarro killed the Inca people in South America while in Mexico, Hernán Cortés killed the Aztecs. The most dangerous thing to the natives was a disease called Smallpox. Even though the Europeans may or may not have brought the disease with them to kill whoever was in their way, they still were killed.

http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html

“Stolen Generations” of Aboriginals

1800 - 1970

Late 1800s
The Stolen Generations wasn't exactly a genocide. The Stolen generations is said to describe the people who were forcibly removed from their families as children by past Australian Federal, State and Territory governments, ect. The reason they were removed from their families were because they were disadvantaged and a risk to everyone around them. They were either adopted to a new "loving" family or put into government institutions.

http://www.nsdc.org.au/stolen-generations-history/

Moriori Genocide

1835 - 1863

In this genocide, they had eight stages of what they call the "Moriori Genocide."
1- The Classification
The Moriori had different cultures and customs as a result of adapting to local conditions.
2- Symbolization
Names were used to distinguish the two groups
3- Dehumanization
The Taranaki tribes not only killed and enslaved the Moriori, but ate them as well.
4- Organization
The Chatham Islands were chosen for their proximity and the fact that the residents abided by Nunuku's Law.
5- Polarization
The use of the Moriori language was forbidden. They were also forced to defile their sacred places by urinating on them and defecating on them.
6- Preparation
This stage was when the Māori were getting ready to invade, they had taken seize over a European ship that carried 500 armed Māori people.
7- Extermination
About 10% of the population was killed, some eaten, and the rest enslaved.
8- Denial
This stage was not very present during this time, but the Moriori that did survive, were in denial because of what happened.

The Moriori were in search of resources and new areas to conquer and when they heard about the peacefulness at the Chatham Islands, they decided to head over there and check it out.

https://infogr.am/themoriori-genocide

Irish Potato Famine

1845 - 1851

This genocide was a unique genocide because it was carried out by the killing of plants instead of people. The potato crop that they usually successfully grew was killed and deemed inedible by a disease called late blight. This disease destroyed the leaves and the roots of the plant. Which led to the death of 6.6 million people.

Armenian Genocide

1915 - 1917

The Armenian Genocide also known as the "Armenian Holocaust," was the extermination of over 1.5 million by the Ottoman government. This genocide occurred before AND after World War I. The Ottoman soldiers killed most of the able-male population and forced labor, while the women, children and elderly were deported on "death marches" across the Syrian desert. They were deprived of food and water and were subjected to robbery, rape and massacre. This is the second most studied genocide after the Holocaust.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide

The Holocaust

1933 - 1945

The Holocaust is one of the most known genocides in history. It was all started by the leader, Adolf Hitler. The Nazis that came to power in Germany believed that Germans were "racially superior" and the Jews were "inferior" or alien to the German community. The Nazis didn't just attack the Jews though. They also went after Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Others were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. Over 400,000 people were killed because they were either Roma or mentally and physically disabled. As for the political and ideological opponents, they created concentration camps for them and to monitor the Jews. The SS guards moved the camp inmates by going on "death marches" to prevent the Allied liberation of large numbers of prisoners. This went on until May 7, 1945 when the German forces surrendered to the Allies.

https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143

Al-Anfal Genocide

1986 - 1989

This genocide was led by Saddam Hussein's Ba’athist regime against the Kurds in northern Iraq. Over 100,000 lives were taken and over 4,000 villages demolished by chemical weapons, aerial attacks and other modes of destruction. Al-Anfal was a campaign that "Chemical Ali" waged against the Kurds in 1988. He wanted to "cleanse" the region through mass deportation. Much like the Holocaust, the Iraqi soldiers rounded up all men and boys and put them in concentration camps for mass execution while the women, children and elderly died of dehydration and starvation.

https://www.ncas.rutgers.edu/center-study-genocide-conflict-resolution-and-human-rights/al-anfal-and-genocide-iraqi-kurds-1988

Bosnian Genocide

1992 - 1995

The Bosnian Genocide was another horrific massacre in history. They used what is called the ethnic cleansing campaign that took place in different areas controlled by Serb forces. The cleansing included unlawful confinement, murder, rape, sexual assault and more. Throughout the later years, people who were part of the genocide were convicted and sent to prison. This includes the former Serb leader, Radovan Karadžić, who was convicted of genocide on March 24, 2016 and was sentenced to 40 years in prison.

http://www.history.com/topics/bosnian-genocide

Pygmy Genocide

1994

A number of Pygmy where killed in the Rwandan genocide. The Democratic Republic of the Congo were also responsible for killing off Pygmy people. The DRC killed them for only one reason: they believed they were not human and if you ate part of then or did something with them, they would give the DRC people magical powers.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icxKhFuh-d0

Rwandan Genocide

1994 - 1996

A plane carrying Habyarimana and Burundi’s president was shot down on April, 6 1994 with no known survivors. The first victims were the Prime Minister and her 10 bodyguards who were killed on April 7. The killings spread from Kigali to the rest of the country and killed over 800,000 people in 3 months. The radio stations also took part in this killing. They called on regular Rwandan citizens to kill their neighbours which led to the fleeing of over 2 million people.

http://www.history.com/topics/rwandan-genocide