Space Timeline

Events

Sputnik Launched

October 4, 1957 - November 3, 1958

October 4 - The Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik, into space.

Sputnik 2

November 3, 1957 - January 31, 1958

November 3 - The Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 was launched with a dog named Laika on board. Laika did not survive the voyage.

Explorer 1

January 31, 1958 - August 19, 1960

January 31 - Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the United States when it was sent into orbit on January 31, 1958. It was designed and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) of the California Institute of Technology. The satellite was sent aloft from Cape Canaveral in Florida by the Jupiter C rocket that was designed, built, and launched by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) under the direction of Dr. Wernher Von Braun.

Sputnik 5

August 19, 1960 - April 12, 1961

August 19 - The Soviet craft Sputnik 5 was launched, carrying the dogs Strelka and Belka. They became the first living beings to survive a trip into space.

Yuri Gagarin First Human In Space

April 12, 1961 - May 5, 1961

Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space.

Alan Shepard became the first American to fly in space

May 5, 1961 - May 25, 1961

Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space.

President Kennedy challenge

May 25, 1961 - February 20, 1962

President Kennedy challenged the country to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.

John Glenn

February 20 1962 - June 16 1962

Astronaut John Glenn became the first American in orbit.

Valentina Nikolayeva Tereshkova

June 16 1962 - March 18 1965

Valentina Nikolayeva Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

Alexi Leonov

March 18 1965 - June 3 1965

While tethered to his spacecraft, cosmonaut Alexi Leonov became the first man to walk in space.

Ed White

June 3 1965 - July 14 1965

Astronaut Ed White became the first American to walk in space.

Spacecraft Mariner 4

July 14 1965 - February 3 1966

The spacecraft Mariner 4 transmitted the first pictures of Mars.

Russian Spacecraft Luna 9

February 3 1966 - June 2 1966

The Russian spacecraft Luna 9 became the first spacecraft to land on the moon.

Surveyor 1

June 2 1966 - January 27 1967

Surveyor 1 became the first American spacecraft to land on the moon.

Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee were killed in space

January 27 1967 - April 24 1967

Astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee were killed in an accidental fire in a command module on the launch pad.