Evolution of Education


Hello World!!!

August 5, 1980

On a Tuesday morning in Manhattan, NY, Jeffery Motley was born to 2 loving parents.

Mastery Teaching


Mastery Teaching, a book by Madeline Hunter, is published, changing the way that teachers teach in the classroom. The goal of the system is for students to guided practices in order to acquire the skills necessary to master the curriculum set before them (Burns, 2016).

A Nation at Risk

April 26, 1983

In 1981, the National Commission on Excellence in Education was created to assess the quality of education in America. The commission found that a homogenization of the curriculum, a weakened expectation of students, time spent in school, and a lack of good educators to be the basic reasons for the failures of the education system. The recommendations of the commission addressed all of the aforementioned findings and added Leadership and Fiscal Support as an area of attention (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983).

University of Phoenix


University of Phoenix becomes the first university to offer bachelor's and master's degree programs online (Apollo Education Group, 2015).

Massachusetts Education Reform Act


This act develops the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System which mandates a common curriculum for all schools in the state along with standardized tests across the state (Chieppo & Gass, 2009). Many states have developed similar systems as a result. Some view this as a precursor to Common Core standards.

California Proposition 227

June 2, 1998

This proposition required that all education in California's public school be taught completely in English. Any students that were not fluent were to be put into accelerated remedial classes until they were proficient enough in the English language to succeed in the classroom (California State Attorney General, 1998).

No Child Left Behind Act

January 8, 2002

The NCLB is a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and mandated testing in schools in all states for grades 3 through 12. The intent of the act is to improve education or lower-income students. Schools, districts, and states must report results of there students categorized by household income, first language, and ethnic groups, among other categories. Schools who either fail to report and/or show progress over a number of years can be subject to being penalized by the federal government. There have been a number of complaints and numerous changes to the program since it was first drafted in 2001. It has been controversial as many districts have focused too much on standardized testing (Educationpost, 2016).



The Common Core State Standards Initiative is launched nationwide. Today, 42 states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and the Department of Defense Education Activity have adopted the standards (NGA Center/CCSSO, 2016).

Gender Neutral

May 13, 2016

Dooley (2016), "The Obama administration will call on public schools nationwide to allow transgender students to use the bathroom that matches their gender identity." This is not a law, but strongly suggested to districts.