American History

Eras 1 and 2

Beginning of Slave Trade

1430

Beginnings of Portuguese slave trade in West Africa

Columbus' First Voyage

1492

Protestant Reformation

1517 - Approx. 1648

began in Germany

Conquest of the Aztec Empire

1519 - 1521

by Cortes and his men

Conquest of Inca Empire

1532 - 1533

by Francisco Pizarro

French Exploration of Eastern Canada

1534 - 1542

by Jaques Cartier

St. Augustine

1565

by the Spanish in Florida

Roanoke

1587

by the British

New Mexican Colony

1598

by the Spanish

Jamestown

1607

by the British

Quebec

1608

by the French

Plymouth Colony

1620

by the British in New England

New Netherland

1624

founded by the Dutch (modern-day New York area)

Barbados

1627

by the English

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1630

by the British

Maryland

1634

a proprietary colony founded by Cecilius Calvert (Lord Baltimore)

Beaver Wars

Approx. 1640 - Approx. 1700

between Indians and Europeans over the fur trade

Navigation Acts

1651 - 1733

Parliament passes Navigation Acts to regulate imperial trade

Carolina Colony

1663

by the British

New Netherland conquered by the English

1664

becomes New York

King Philip's War

1675 - 1676

English vs. Wampanoags and Narragansetts over the English moving onto Indian land

Bacon's Rebellion

1675 - 1676

Virginians led by Nathaniel Bacon fought Indians for attacking settlers

Pueblo Revolt

1680

rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spanish overlords

Pennsylvania

1681

by the British

Dominion of New England

1686 - 1689

Glorious Revolution

1688

and James II loses the throne

King William's War

1689 - 1697

the 1st Anglo-French conflict in North America

Iroquois Neutrality

1701

they adopted a policy of neutrality towards France and Britain

Queen Anne's War

1702 - 1713

American phase of Europe's war of the Spanish succession

Great Awakening

1739

began in the Middle colonies

Stono Rebellion

1739

uprising of SC slaves against whites; provoked by Spanish promise of freedom for slaves who could escape to FL

Treaty of Lancaster

1744

Iroquois chiefs gave Virginians the right to trade at the Forks of the Ohio River

King George's War

1744 - 1748

3rd Anglo-French war in North America

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

France lost; last of the Anglo-French wars in North America

Intolerable Acts

1774

passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party

First Continental Congress

September 1774

met in Philadelphia; discussed the Intolerable Acts

Battle of Lexington and Concord

April 1775

Second Continental Congress

May 1775

met in Philadelphia; discussed forming an army and navy and began to form a government

Battle of Saratoga

October 1777

American victory resulted in France's alliance with the colonies in 1778

Articles of Confederation Ratified

1781

Battle of Yorktown

September 1781

an American victory; the last battle of the American Revolution

Treaty of Paris

1783

ended the American Revolution; these things happened from it:
1. Britain recognizes the independence of the United States.
2. MS River would be western boundary.
3. US would have fishing rights off Canada.
4. Americans would pay debts owed to Br. merchants, and honor Loyalist claims

for property confiscated during the war.

Constitutional Convention

1787

Ratification of the Constitution

June 21, 1788

First National Government Under Constitution Takes Office

1789

Era 3

Cherokee War

1759 - 1761

Regulator Movement

Approx. 1760 - Approx. 1770

George III appointed

1760

Proclamation of 1763

1763

Pontiac's War

1763 - 1766

Sugar Act

1764

Stamp Act

1765

Stamp Act Congress

1765

Quartering Act

1765

Declaratory Act

1766

Revenue Act

1766

Townshend Duty Act

1767

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

Declaration of Rights and Grievances

1774

Quebec Act

1774

Coercive Acts

1774

Boston Port Act

1774

Suffolk Resolves

September 1774

First Contiental Congress

September 5 1774

Continental Association

October 20 1774

Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 19 1775

Second Continental Congress

May 10 1775

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

Battle of Saratoga

1777

Articles of Confederation

November 15 1777

Battle of Yorktown

1781

Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

Land Ordinance

1785

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Annapolis Convention

September 1786

Constitutional Convention

May 1787

Northwest Ordinance

July 13, 1787

Judiciary Act

1789

Constitution Ratified

1789

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Southwest Ordinance

1790

Bill of Rights Added

December 1791

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Treaty of Greenville

1795

Jay's Treaty

1795

Pinckney's Treaty

1795

also called Treaty of San Lorenzo

Quasi-War

1797 - 1800

XYZ Affair

1798

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Franco-American Accord

1800

Revolution of 1800

1800

Marbury v. Madison

1803

Louisiana Purchase

April 30, 1803

Chesapeake Incident

1807

Embargo Act of 1807

December 22, 1807

Fletcher v. Peck

1810

War of 1812

June 1812 - January 1815

Treaty of Ghent

December 24, 1814

Battle of New Orleans

January 1815

Tariff of 1816

1816

Second Bank of the US

1816

Era of Good Feelings

1817 - 1823

Rush-Bagot Treaty

1817

Anglo-American Accords

1818

Trans-Continental Treaty of 1819

1819

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

Panic of 1819

1819

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

1819

Missouri Compromise

1820

Gibbons v. Ogden

1821

Monroe Doctrine

1822

Era 4

First Cotton Factory

1790

Invention of the Cotton Gin

1793

Second Great Awakening

Approx. 1800 - Approx. 1840

Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion

1800

Ban on African Slave Trade

1808

British-lead effort

Louisiana Slave Revolt

1811

Salary Act of 1816

1816

Founding of the American Colonization Society

1817

Formation of the Democratic Party

Approx. 1820 - Approx. 1829

Denmark Vesey's Conspiracy

1822

New Harmony Utopian Community

1825

American Temperance Society Established

1826

Formation of the Anti-Mason Party

1827

Tariff of Abominations

1828

David Walker Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

1829

Second Party System

Approx. 1830 - Approx. 1853

Church of the Latter-Day Saints Founded

1830

by Joseph Smith

Indian Removal Act

1830

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

1831

Nullification Crisis

Approx. 1831 - 1833

Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

The Liberator Founded

1831

Tariff of 1832

1832

Worcester v. Georgia

1832

Bank War

1832 - 1833

Force Bill

1833

Founding of American Anti-Slavery Society

1833

Establishment of National Trades Union

1834

Organization of the Whig Party

1834

Specie Circular

1836

The Alamo

1836

Panic of 1837

1837

Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge

1837

Trail of Tears

1838

Foundation of American Female Moral Reform Society

1839

Economic Depression

1839 - 1845

Liberty Party Formed

1840

Brook Farm Utopian Community

1841

Commonwealth v. Hunt

1842

Manifest Destiny Doctrine

1845

Irish Potato Famine

1845 - 1846

Texas Annexed to the US

1845

as a slaveholding state

Mexican American War

1846 - 1848

Acquisition of Oregon

1846

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1848

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

Mexican Cession

1848

Oneida Community

1848

Fort Laramie Treaty

1851

War of 1812

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

War Breaks out in Europe

1792

Britain v. France

US Trades with Britain and France

1793

Neutrality Proclamation

1793

made by President Washington

Jay's Treaty

1794

Treaty of San Lorenzo

1795

Pinckney's Treaty with Spain

Washington's Farewell Address

1796

Quasi-War

1797 - 1800

Undeclared naval war with France

Treaty with France

1800

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Chesapeake Incident

1807

Embargo Act

1807

Nonintercourse Act

1809

Jefferson lifts the Embargo Act

1809

Macon's Bill No. 2

1810

US Declares War on Britain

1812

Hartford Convention

December 1814

held by Federalists

Treaty of Ghent

December 1814

Battle of New Orleans

January 8 1815

US Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

James Madison

1809 - 1817

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

William Henry Harrison

January 1841 - April 1841

John Tyler

April 1841 - 1845

James Polk

1845 - 1849

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865