According to Article 9; Section I -- this type of law is not allowed.
Included mention of the reserved powers.
John Marshall (Chief Justice) = increased power of Judicial Branch.
States can't tax federal bank -- only national government can do that. Also, established broad interpretation of necessary and proper clause.
Upheld Congress's broad powers - like interstate commerce. Established broad interpretation -- used later.
Proponent of nullification --> supported right of state to declare void a federal law.
Ruled due process (clause in 5th amendment) doesn't apply to action of states. Limited bill of rights to actions of Congress.
U.S. Congress lacked authority to bar slavery. Narrow scope of national power.
13th = no slavery
14th = everyone born in US can become citizen of state + country by 18
15th = any citizen can vote
Allowed nat. gov. to regulate railroads + railroad industry.
allowed petition - signed by a certain # of registered voters - that can bring about public vote on a constitutional amendment.
allowed Congress to enact income tax.
Made senators directly elected vs. elected from state legislature.
b/c new deal -- intertwined relationship between national/state/local governments
Programs made for purposes of relief, recover, and reform of the US after the Great Depression.
control air pollution on national level.
set of domestic programs to eliminate poverty and racial injustice.
Relationship proposed by Ronald Reagan --> give power back to states.
large grants from national gov. to sate gov. with only general spending guidelines.
Conservative Chief Justice.
Document released by the Republican Party.
Congress can't pass law to prohibit gun possession in local school zones.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - gave lots of administration power for welfare to states.
National law --> everyone needs health insurance.