The Great Power Battle Between States and National Government.

Events

Founding Period

1776

Founding Period

Bill of Attainder

Approx. 1788

According to Article 9; Section I -- this type of law is not allowed.

10th Amendment

1791

Included mention of the reserved powers.

Marshall Court

1801 - 1835

John Marshall (Chief Justice) = increased power of Judicial Branch.

McCulloch v. Maryland

Approx. 1819

States can't tax federal bank -- only national government can do that. Also, established broad interpretation of necessary and proper clause.

Gibbons v. Ogden

1824

Upheld Congress's broad powers - like interstate commerce. Established broad interpretation -- used later.

John C. Calhoun

1832

Proponent of nullification --> supported right of state to declare void a federal law.

Barron v. Baltimore

1833

Ruled due process (clause in 5th amendment) doesn't apply to action of states. Limited bill of rights to actions of Congress.

Civil War Era

1836

Dred Scott

1857

U.S. Congress lacked authority to bar slavery. Narrow scope of national power.

13th - 15th Amendments

1865 - 1870

13th = no slavery
14th = everyone born in US can become citizen of state + country by 18
15th = any citizen can vote

Interstate Commerce Act

1877

Allowed nat. gov. to regulate railroads + railroad industry.

Ballot Initiative

1908

allowed petition - signed by a certain # of registered voters - that can bring about public vote on a constitutional amendment.

17th Amendment

1913

Made senators directly elected vs. elected from state legislature.

16th Amendment

1913

allowed Congress to enact income tax.

New Deal

1932 - 1939

Programs made for purposes of relief, recover, and reform of the US after the Great Depression.

Cooperative Federalism // Marble Cake Federalism

1932

b/c new deal -- intertwined relationship between national/state/local governments

New Deal Era

1936

Warren Court

1953 - 1969

liberal majority

Clean Air Act

1963

control air pollution on national level.

Great Society

1964

set of domestic programs to eliminate poverty and racial injustice.

Reagan Revolution (Devolution Revolution)

1980

Ronald Reagan

1980 - 1989

Republican President.

Block Grants

1981

large grants from national gov. to sate gov. with only general spending guidelines.

New Federalism

1981

Relationship proposed by Ronald Reagan --> give power back to states.

Rehnquist Court

1986 - 2005

Conservative Chief Justice.

Contract with America

1994

Document released by the Republican Party.

US v. Lopez

1995

Congress can't pass law to prohibit gun possession in local school zones.

TANF

1996

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - gave lots of administration power for welfare to states.

G.W. Bush and Obama Era

2000

Roberts Court

2005 - Present

soconservative

ObamaCare

2010

National law --> everyone needs health insurance.