APUSH Timeline Rohun Carlton

Events

Triangle Trade

1751

Started 1580
Headwright System
Plantations
Columbian Exchange
Middle passage
New York Slave revolt

Religion

1751

Started Earlier:
Congregational Church/Puritans
Predestinaton
Halfway Covenant (1662)
Johnathan Edwards (1730s)
Great Awakening (1730-1740)

Beginning

1751

Myans/Incas/Aztecs
Maize/ Three Sister Farming
Econmienda/ Mestizo/Mulatto/ Creole/ Black Legend

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Non-importation

1763 - 1776

Non-Importation was:
Stamp tax (successful)
Townshend (failed)
Association (successful) (Association decided to boycott all British goods during the first continental congress)

British Taxes

1764 - 1767

Sugar Act
Quartering Act
Stamp Act
Townshend Act

Stamp Act Congress

1765

Boston Tea Party

1773

Continental Congress 1 & 2

1774 - 1775

Intolerable Acts

1774

Quebec Act included

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Declaration of Independence (1776)
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown (1781)
Treaty of Paris (1783)

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789

Land Ordinance (1785)
Northwest Ordinance (1787)
Shay's Rebellion (1786)

Constitutional Created

1787 - 1790

Great Compromise
3/5th Compromise
Stronger Central Government

Hamilton's Financial Plan

1791 - 1811
  1. Pay people debts at par
  2. Pay states debts
  3. Tariff
  4. Excise tax
  5. BUS

U.S. Neutrality

1793 - 1800

Neutrality Proclamation (1793)
British Attack
Jay's Treaty
Pinckney's Treaty
French Attack
XYZ Affair
Convention of 1800

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798 - 1800

Which led to failed Virginia and Kentucky Resolution
Deport foreigners and make it harder to vote
Imprisonment for criticizing government

Industrial Revolution

1800 - 1846

Limited Liability and Free Incorporation
Textile Machine from Britain, Samuel Slater, (1790)
Cotton Gin, Eli Whitney, (1793)
Sewing Machine, Elias Howe and Issac Singer, (1846)
Telegraph, Samuel F.B. Morse, (1840)
Steel Plow
McCormick Reaper (1809)
Cumberland Road (1806)
Steamboat, Robert Fulton (1807)
Erie Canal, (1823)
Pony Express
Clippers

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Court Cases

1803 - 1824

Marbury v. Madison (1803)- Judicial Review of Federal Laws
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) - Implied powers of government, bus is constitutional
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) - congress controls interstate commerce
Dartmouth (1819)

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Embargo Act (1807)
Non-intercourse Act (1809)
Macon's Bill No.2 (1810)
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Hartford Convention (1814)

Era of good feelings

1812 - 1819

American System

1816

Henry Clay
1. High Tariff
2. Federal Government pays for interstate infrastructure
3. Second BUS.

Panic of 1819

1819

Missouri Compromise

1820

Monroe Doctrine/ Treaties

1823

Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817)
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) -we stop claims to texas, spain ceded florida

Utopian Societies

1825 - 1848

New Harmony, Robert Owen
Break Farm
Oneida Community
Shakers

Tariff of Abominations

1828 - 1833

Tariff of Abominations
Tariff Lowered
Nullification Criss (John C. Callhoun) (South Carolina)
Comprimise Tariff of 1833 (Henry Clay)
Force Bill by Congress

Jacksonian Democracy

1829 - 1841

Democratic and Dictitorial
Indian Removal Act (1830)

Reform

1830

Second Great Awakening, Mormons
Mentally ill- Dorthea Dix
Temperance- Niel S. Dow
Womens' rights- Stanton, Anthony
Education- Horace Mann

Panic of 1837

1837

Polk's 4 Points

1845 - 1849

Walker Tariff (Lower)
Independent Treasury
Oregon Territory
California and New Mexico Annexation

Manifest Destiny

1846 - 1849

Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
California Gold Rush (1849)
Oregon Treaty (1846) (49th parallel rather than 54)

Transcendentalism

1848

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Hawthorne, Edgar Allen Poe

Compromise of 1850

1850

Texas gave land for $10 Million, CA is a state, New Mexico and Utah territory given to popular sovereignty, No slave trade in D.C., Stricter fugitive Slave law

Increased Tensions

1850 - 1861

Ostend Manifesto
Trans-continental Railroad/ Gadsden purchase (1853)
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
The Impending Crisis of the South (1857)
Demise of the Whigs
Lincoln-Douglas Debates/ Freeport Doctrine (1858)
Dred Scott v. Stanford (1857)
Harpers Ferry (1859) and Bleeding Kansas (1855-1861) - John Brown
Fugitive slave law (1850
Brooks & Sumner Incident (1854)

Panic of 1857

1857

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Crittenden Amendments (1860-1861)
Fort Sumter (1861)
Morrill Tariff
Trent Affair, Alabama, Napoleon III

Education

1862 - 1887

Morill Act (1862)
Hatch Act (1887)
Booker T. Washington
Dr. W.E.B.DuBois

Frontier

1862 - 1890

Homestead Act of 1862
Bought Alaska - Steward/ Steward's Folly (1867)
Cowboys-Long Drive
Mining-Comstock Lode- Cities and States - Sooners
Fredrick Jackson Turner- Sign of the Frontier in Am. History (1890)- Safety Valve

Reconstruction

1866 - 1877

10% v. 50% Laws
13th Amendment
Freedmen's Bureau (1865) - Union League (1867)
Civil Rights Bill (1866) (4 parts) -> 14th Amendment
Black Codes (1865)
Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 (Thaddeus Stevens, Zealous northerner) -> 15th Amendments ->Jim Crow (Poll Tax, Literacy Test/ Grandfather Clause, voting registration), Gerrymandering, KKK -> Force Acts (1870-71)
Scalawags, Carpetbaggers
End of Reconstruction- Compromise of 1877
Plessy V. Ferguson (1896) (Separate but equal)

Civil Rights Act 1875 (Toothless supposed to help) ->Civil Rights Act 1883 (Individuals can discriminate) ?????

Farmers/Laborers

1868 - 1893

Labor Unions (1866-1890)
National Labor Union (1866)
Knights of Labor- Haymarket Square
American Federation of Labor -Gompers
Closed Shop

Greenback Movement (1868)
Grange- Oliver H. Kelley
Wabash (1886)
Greenback Labor Party (1878) - Weaver
Farmers Alliance - Populists
Homestead Strike (1892)
Coxey's Army (1894)
Pullman Strike (1894)
William Hope Harvey -Coin's Financial School
Democrat/Populist Bryan - Cross of Gold

Second Industrial Revolution

1870 - 1914

Carnegie, Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan, Vanderbilt
Bessemer/Kelly Steel
Oil/ Kerosene
Electricity/Lightbulb
Cars
Telephone
Typewriter, Stock ticker, Cash Register

Government, Business, Corruption

1872 - 1890

Mostly under Grant: (1872)
Credit Mobilier Scandal (1872), Whiskey Ring, Boss Tweed, Jubilee Jim

Resumption Act (1875) - Hardbacks pressured Grant into pulling greenbacks out of circulation, and redeem it for gold (cite: Christian's study guide)

Pendleton Act (1883) -
Stalwarts (Conkling) vs. Halfbreeds (Blaine)
Caused by Garfield Shot- Caused by Stalwart trying to get position from VP Arthur

Interstate Commerce Act (1887)- regulated rr, pub prices short haulv long, icc,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)

Billion Dollar Congress (1890)
Thomas B Reed Speaker of the House
McKinley Tariff Act of 1890 HUGE

Panic of 1873

1873

Withdraw of $100 Million, and Hardback supporters caused it

Indians 2.0

1876 - 1887

Started Reservation system with Treaty of Fort Laramie and Atkinson
Battle of Little Bighorn (won battle lost war after gold found) (1876)
Ghost Dance-Battle of Wounded Knee
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
Helen Hunt Jackson- Century of Dishonor

Compromise of 1877

1877

Reform 2.0

1880

Carrie Chapman Catt, Nat. Am. Womens Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Ida B. Wells - Black Womans' Suffrage
Womens Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Anti-Saloon Leauge
Am. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) (1866)
Clara Barton, Red Cross (1881)

American Empire

1880 - 1910

Latin America
James Blaine- Big Sister Policy
Near Wars- G over Samoan Islands, Italy over Italian Lynchings, Chile over death of Americans in port
Great Reproachment

Caribbean
Maine, DeLome Letters, Scorched earth, yellow journalism, panama canal- Teller Agreement, Platt Amendement

Phillipines and Hawaii

Asia

Immigration

1880 - 1900

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
South Eastern Europeans- Jews, Italians, Slavs

Tariff

1890

McKinley Tariff Act
Wilson -Gorman Tariff (1864)

Hatch tariff

Progressive Era

1890 - 1920

Political Reform:
Initiative, Referendum, Recall, Australian Ballot, 17th Amendment (direct senate election)

Mudrakers
How the other half lives- Jacob A. Riis
Ida Tarbell- Standard Oil Corp.
Three C's:
Chorale the Business:
JP.Morgan Northern Securities
Trust Busting, Regulation
Elkins Act (1903), Hepburn Act

Consumer Protection:
The Jungle, Upton Sinclair (1906)
Meat Inspection Act (1906)
Pure food and Drug Act (1906)

Conservation:
Newlands Act (1902)- Land $$ to Dams
Jack London-Call of the Wild
Hetch Hetchy Valley
John Muir- Sierra Club- Preservationist
Pinchot

Panic of 1893

1893

Agrarian, Labor, Over building and speculation, Forigen unease at silver therefore loan recall
canceled the sherman silver to stop $ hemmoraging
Wilson Gorman Tariff (1894) - Tried and failed to lower from McKinley, added income tax
JP Morgan (1895)

Panic of 1907

1907

Aldrich- Vreeland Act

Election of 1912

1912

Okay: Dollar Diplomacy, rust buster, Standard oil bust (violated Sherman anti-trust)
Not Okay: US. Steel Corp, Ballinger-Pinchot Affair, Payne-Alrich Bill
Taft (Republican), v. Roosevelt (Progressive), v. Wilson (Democrat), v. Socialist

Mexican Revolution

1914

Original -> Huerta -> Guns to enemies -> Tampico (nobody likes us b/c intervene) -> "poncho villa" attacks -> ABC Power mediation

WW 1

1918

U-boats- Lusitania, Arabic, Sussex Pledge
Zimmerman Note
14 points, Sedition and Espionage Acts/Schenek
Committee on public info, War industries board
19th Amendment
Treaty of Versailles- Lodge Reservations

Roaring 20's

1920 - 1929

Seeing Red: Red Scare, Soviet Ark, unexplained bombs, Sacco and Vanzetti, American Plan

Immigration: Emergency Quota Act (1921) -> Immigration Act of (1924), Cultural pluralists (Kallen and Bourne)

Drinking: 18th -> Volstead Act (1919), Al Capone, organized crime and Charles Lindbergh

Education: Scopes (Monkey) Trial, Fundamentalists

Invention: Cars, Oldsmobile and Ford; Bruce Barton, The Man nobody Knows; Babe Ruth and sports; credit spending; Wright Brothers; Radio and Movies, Birth of A Nation

Culture: Sanger's Birth control, Freud, Harlem Renaissance (Langston Huges), UNIA Marcus Garvey, Scott Fitzgerald (Great Gatsby)

Great Depression/ New Deal

October 29 1929 - 1941

Hoover
Black Tuesday
Hoovervilles, Veteran's Bureau

New Deal:
Bank Holiday -> BANK LAW
AAA
NRA- Shot down with sheckter (sick chicken) case. Replaced with FLSA (Fair labor) and Wagner Act
CCC
CWA
PWA
WPA
FERA
TAKE'M OFF SEVERALTY
SEC
AAA2.0 and Soil Conservation ACT
Radicals- Huey Long, Townsend, Father Coughlin
2nd term, FDR tried court packing plan

Pre WWII

1937 - 1941

Other:
London Economic Conference
Reciprocal Trade Agreements- Hull
Good Neighbor Policy

War:
Johnson Debt Default Act- We won't loan you if you defaulted on WWI
Neutrality Acts of 1935, 36, 37- No shipping, loans, weapons, traveling on belligerent ships
Spanish Civil War- U.S. does nothing, Lincoln brigade stopped from going
Quarantine speech by FDR shot down
Appeasement/ Munich Conference
Neutrality Act of 1939
Panay Incident
Destroyer Deal
Lend-Lease Bill

WW2

1941 - 1945

Atlantic Charter
Pearl Harbor- December 7 1941
Executive order 9066
Casablanca -> North Africa and Italy
Terhan -> D-Day -> Battle of the Bulge -> V-E Day
Potsdam -> Fatboy and V-J Day (Manhattan Project)

OPA, WPB, War Labor Board and Smith-Conally Anti-Strike Act

Women: WAVES, SPARs, WACs, Rosie the Riveter
Mexicans: Zoot suit riots, Bracero Program
African Americans: Migration, Segregates units, A. William Randolph -> FEPC and CORE

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Foreign:
Yalta- Elections in Eastern Europe
Truman Doctrine (E.g. Greece and Turkey)
Marshall Plan (U.S. aid to West) vs. Molotov Plan (Soviet aid to Eastern Europe)
Berlin Blockade (1948)
Chinese Civil War
Korean War (1950-53) -> NSC-68 (4x defense spending)
Sputnik/ Space Race (1957)
Berlin Wall (1961)
Bay of Pigs (1961), and Cuban missile Crisis (1963)
Vietnam War (See other event)

Domestic:
HUAC- Richard Nixon famous
Rosenburg Trial
Army-McCarthy Hearing
Nuremberg Trials

End:
1981 Reagan ends Detente and does military buildup/ SDI
USSR Economic Decline
Gorbachev does Glasnost and Perestroika, stops enforcing Warsaw Pact
Eastern Europe rebells, USSR has elections

Civil Rights

1948 - 1970

Brown v. Board (1954)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
See rest in civil rights row below

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

Eisenhower Funds France (1954)
Vietnam Split (57)
Gulf of Tonkin (1964)
Tet offensive/ My Lai (1968)
Nixon/ Vietnamization (1969)
Leave Vietnam (1973)
Vietnam is Communist (1975)

Silent Spring

1962

Rachel Carson

Women's Rights

1970 - 1980

ERA attempted (1972)- Phyllis Schlafly
Roe v. Wade (1973)

Watergate

1972

Smoking Gun Tape

Reganomics

1981 - 1989

Sparked by Proposition 13 in California
Supply-Side Economics
Extensive Defense Spending
Slash Taxes

Gorbachev

1985

Middle East

1986

Iran-Contra affair (1986) - Under Reagan
Iranian Hostage Crisis
Operation Desert Storm in response to Saddam Hussain in Kuwait

Presidents

Washington

1789 - 1797

NONE
v. None

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist
v. Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICAN
V. John Adams
V. Pinckney

James Madison

1809 - 1817

V. Pinckney

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

DEMOCRAT

Martin Van Buren

1837 - march 4 1841

William Henry Harrison

march 4 1841 - april 4 1841

WHIG!!!

Tyler

Apr 5, 1841 - 1845

James Polk

1845 - March 4 1849

4 points

Zachary Taylor

Mar 5, 1849 - July 9 1850

Millard Fillmore

Jul 10, 1850 - 1853

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Lincoln

1861 - 1865

REPUBLICAN

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

NATIONAL UNION

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - March 4 1881

James Garfield

March 5 1881 - September 19 1881

Chester Arthur

Sep 20, 1881 - 1885

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Harrison

1889 - 1893

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

v. William Jennings Bryant

Teddy Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

Big Stick Diplomacy

Three C's

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Moral Diplomacy

v. Taft v. Teddy Roosevelt (split Republicans -> Progressive party)

v. Charles Evan Huges

William Harding

1921 - 1923

Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Hoover

1929 - 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt

March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945

New Deal

Truman

April 12 1945 - January 20 1953

Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

Kennedy

1961 - 1963

LBJ

1963 - 1969

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Silent Majority

Gerald Ford

1974 - 1977

Jimmy Carter

1977 - 1981

Regan

1981 - 1989

George H. W. Bush

1989 - 1993

Bill Clinton

1993 - 2001

Civil Rights

First Slaves Come to America

1751

1620

Bacon's Rebellion

1751

1676
Indentured servants v. Berkeley

3/5 Compromise/ Constitution

1787

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney

Importation of Slaves Outlawed

1807

American Colonization Society

1816

Liberia- Send free African-Americans back to Africa

Missouri Comprimise

1821

Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

William Lloyd Garrison founds The Liberator

1831

Burned Constitution- Abolitionist publication

Gag Resolution

1836

Ban Talk of Slavery in Congress

Fredrick Douglas

1840 - 1870

Underground Railroad

1840 - 1850

Harriet Tubman

Compromise of 1850

1850

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Kansas Nebraska act

1854

Dred Scott Case

1857

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

13th Amendment

1865

Stopped by sharecropping

Freedman's Bureau

1865

14th Amendment

1868

Andrew Jackson

15th Ammendment

1870

Grant
Poll Tax, Gerrymandering, Literacy test etc.

Booker T Washington

1890 - 1900

Economics First

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

Separate but Equal

W.E.B DuBois- NAACP Created

1909

Harlem Renaissance

1920 - 1929

Marcus Garvey

1920

A. Philip Randolph

1941 - 1945

Threatened March on Washington- Tried to desegregate military and provide equal job opportunities

Desegregation of the Military

1948

Sweat v. Painter

1950

Challenged Separate but Equal

Brown v. Board

1954

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Little Rock 9

1957

Follows Brown v. Board

Sit-ins

1960

I have A Dream

1963

Right Before Laws

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Voting Rights Act of 1965

1965

Affirmative Action

1965

LBJ

Malcolm X Assassination

1965

Black Panthers

1966

Milliken v. Bradley

1974

Can't bus across district lines just for desegregation

Ideas and Innovations

Major Authors or literary movements, technological innovations

Federalist Papers, Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison

1787

Textile Machine from Britain, Samuel Slater

1790

Cotton Gin, Eli Whitney

1793

Cumberland Road

1806

Steamboat, Robert Fulton

1807

McCormick Reaper

1809

Erie Canal

1825

Limited Liability and Free Incorporation

1829

Transcendentalism

1830 - 1860

Steel Plow

1837

Telegraph, Samuel F.B. Morse

1840

Sewing Machine, Elias Howe and Issac Singer

1846

Vanderbilt, Railroads

1850 - 1877

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Pony Express

1860

Rockefeller, Standard Oil, Horizontal integration

1869 - 1911

Carnegie, Steel, Vertical Integration

1870 - 1901

Telephone, Alexander Graham Bell

1876

Lightbulb, Edison

1878

How the other half lives, Jacob A. Riis

1890

JP Morgan, Banks, Interlocking Directorates

1892 - 1912

Jack London, Call of the Wild

1903

The Jungle, Upton Sinclair

1906

Cars Popularised

1920

Silent Spring, Rachel Carson

1962

I have a Dream, MLK Jr.

1963