The Mesopotamians of this era (3000 BC) used rock oil in structural adhesives; ship caulks, medicines, and roads.
Chinese refined crude oil for use in lamps to heat their homes.
Thales, a Greek, originally discovered static electricity when he rubbed amber with silk, and it became electrically charged and attracted objects.
Chinese used natural gas to make salt from salt waterbrine in gas fired evaporators.
The first windmills were developed in Persia for pumping water and grinding grain. (don't know the specific date)
The first record of coal in the United States was shown on a map made by Louis Joliet. The map notes charbon de terra (coal of the earth) along the Illinois River in northern Illinois.
James Watt patented the modern-day steam engine. Coal was used to produce steam for early steam engines.
Frenchman, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, built the first self-propelled vehicle, a military tractor that ran on steam. It could go 2.5 miles per hour.
Alessandro Volta (Italy) invented the first electric battery. The term volt is named in his honor.
Wood was the primary fuel for heating and cooking in homes and businesses and was used for steam in industries, trains, and boats.
Hydropower was beginning to be used for electricity. The first hydroelectric plants were direct current (DC) stations used to power nearby and incandescent lighting.