Module 2 HNRS

Events

Oil/Petroleum

3000 BC

The Mesopotamians of this era (3000 BC) used rock oil in structural adhesives; ship caulks, medicines, and roads.

Oil/Petroleum

2000 BC

Chinese refined crude oil for use in lamps to heat their homes.

Electricity

600 BC

Thales, a Greek, originally discovered static electricity when he rubbed amber with silk, and it became electrically charged and attracted objects.

Natural Gas

200 BC

Chinese used natural gas to make salt from salt waterbrine in gas fired evaporators.

Wind

500 AD - 900 AD

The first windmills were developed in Persia for pumping water and grinding grain. (don't know the specific date)

Coal

1673 - 1674

The first record of coal in the United States was shown on a map made by Louis Joliet. The map notes charbon de terra (coal of the earth) along the Illinois River in northern Illinois.

Transportation

1769

Frenchman, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, built the first self-propelled vehicle, a military tractor that ran on steam. It could go 2.5 miles per hour.

Coal

1769

James Watt patented the modern-day steam engine. Coal was used to produce steam for early steam engines.

Electricity

1800

Alessandro Volta (Italy) invented the first electric battery. The term volt is named in his honor.

Wood

1860

Wood was the primary fuel for heating and cooking in homes and businesses and was used for steam in industries, trains, and boats.

Hydropower

1880 - 1895

Hydropower was beginning to be used for electricity. The first hydroelectric plants were direct current (DC) stations used to power nearby and incandescent lighting.