Laws and Legislation Concerning Individuals with Disabilities


Rehabilitation Program


Many soldiers returned home from WWI with disabilites due to injury. Congress passed the first rehabilitation program for soldiers.

Social Security Act


President Franklin D Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act which established a program in which adults with disabilities were given assistance.

First Accessibility Standard


The American National Standards Institute published the first accessibility standard to make buildings accessible to and usable by people with a physical disability. 49 states adapted this legislation by 1973.

Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Ac


The Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act passed and set money aside to develop disability councils, protection and advocacy system and university centers.

The Architectural Barriers Act of 1968


This act requires the the design of buildings and facilities on the job to remove anything that could be perceived as an obstacle to employment for people with disabilities. Requires buildings to be constructed or altered to be made accessible.

Rehabilitation Act of 1973


This act makes it illegal for any public institution receiving federal funds to discriminate against people with disabilities.

The Education for Handicapped Children Act of 1975


Now called Individuals with disabilities Education Act (IDEA) guarantees free, appropriate public education for all children with disabilities.

National Council on Disability


This council was established in 1978 within the Department of Education and serves to promote policies, programs, practices, and procedures that guarantee equal opportunity for all people with disabilities.

Americans with Disabilities for Accessible Public Transportation


ADAPT began its campaign for accessible lifts on buses and access to public transit for people with disabilities.

Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988


This legislation increases access and availability of assistive technology.

The Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988


Requires that all new multi-family housing have a certain number of accessible housing units (both public and private homes.)

Americans with Disabilities Act


The act becomes a law in 1990 and was the most important civil rights law. It provides support and advocates for people with disabilities.

Reauthorization of IDEA


This reauthorization started the standards based IEP process.

No Child Left Behind Act


This along with the reauthorization of idea in 2004 provided that students with disabilities be exposed to general education curriculum.

History of Disability Rights


The first bill that requires public schools to be taught they history of the disability rights movement.