Syrian War


Arab Spring Uprising

17 December 2010

'Day of Rage' Start of the Syrian Protests

15th March 2011

Hundreds stage protests in Damascus and Aleppo, calling for democratic reforms, demanding for greater civil liberties and freedom for political prisoners after 40 years the Assad autocracy.

Assad security forces crack down on protesers.

18th March 2011

4 Killed in the first deaths of the civil war.

Obama draws a red line

August 2011

Obama says if the Assad regime started using chemical weapons, then the US would 'change its calculus' and intervene.

Obama administration orders Syrian governments assets to be frozen

August 2011

President Barack Obama calls on Assad to resign and orders Syrian government assets frozen.

Annan quits UN-Arab League

August 2011

Kofi Annan quits as UN-Arab League envoy after his attempts to broker a cease-fire failed.

Hama attacked by Assad Regime

August 2011

assault on city of Hama, the epicenter of anti-regime protests, hundreds are left dead by Syrian security forces backed by tanks and snipers.

International demand for Assad to step down

August 18 2011

The United States, Britain, France and Germany and the European Union demand Assad resign, saying he is unfit to lead.

Russia and China veto UN resolution

october 2011

Civil war spreads to Aleppo


Fighting spreads to Aleppo, Syria's largest city and its former commercial capital. Over time, rebels seize control of about half of the city, but the battle there rages to this day, leaving much of Aleppo in ruins.

Russia and China veto resolution against Syria

Feb 4 2012

—Feb. 4, 2012 — Russia and China veto a resolution in the U.N. Security Council that backs an Arab League plan calling for Assad to step down.

Creation of the Syrian National Coalilation.

November 2012

The Syrian National Coalition is created, bringing together the main opposition factions. The umbrella group is hampered from the start by internal division and accusations that its members are out-of-touch exiles

The Creation of Free Syrian Army

November 2012

The initial members had defected from Assad's militia.

Syrian Army recaptures Qusayr

Jun 2013

The Syrian army recaptures the key border town of Qusayr, in an assault led by fighters from Lebanon's Hezbollah

The start of chemical weapon use

August 21 2013

Assad regime accused of killing more than 1,400 people, according to the United States, with chemical weapons in two rebel-held zones near Damascus.

The begining of an Islamic front to fight the Syrian army.

September 2013

September 2013: Around a dozen rebel groups abandon the Syrian National Coalition and reject its calls for a civil, democratic government. Seven of them later form their own alliance, the Islamic Front, intended to eventually create a state governed by Islamic law.

Destruction of Syrias chemical weapons

October 2013

Syria destroys its chemical weapons production equipment.

No breakthrough by UN peace talks

February 2014

February 2014: Two rounds of peace talks led by UN-Arab League mediator Lakhdar Brahimi in Geneva end without a breakthrough.

Brahimi resigns from UN Arab leage

April 2014

Brahimi resigns as UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, marking a second failure by the United Nations and Arab League to end the civil war.

Rebels withdraw from Homs

09 May 2014

09 May 2014: Rebels withdraw part of Homs. This is asymbolic victory for the government, putting the area that had been under siege for more than a year firmly in government hands.

IS seizes parts of Iraq

June 2014

Islamic State group,seizes large parts of northern and western Iraq. In control of around a third of Syria and Iraq, it declares a self-styled Islamic caliphate.

Syrians vote- Assad overwhelmingly defeates other candidates

3 June 2014

Syrians in government areas vote in presidential elections. Assad, one of three candidates, overwhelmingly wins with 88.7 percent

IS takes control of al-Omar

3 July 2014

Islamic State group takes control of Syria's largest oil field, al-Omar, after fierce battles with the Nusra Front, al-Qaida's branch in Syria

James Foley beheaded by IS

19 August 2014

Islamic State militants release video of the beheading of American journalist James Foley, the first of five Westerners to be beheaded by the IS group.

IS captures last of Assads outposts in Raqqa

24 August 2014

Islamic State fighters capture Tabqa military air base in northeastern Syria, eliminating the last government-held outpost in Raqqa province.

IS begins takeover of Kobani (Kurdish)

September 2014

IS begins offensive to take Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani, on the Turkish border.

US airstrikes commence

23 September 2014

US-led coalition begins airstrikes against Islamic State group targets in Syria

Kurds take back control of Kobani, helped by US airstikes

Jan 2015

With the help of US-led airstrikes, Kurdish fighters take control of Kobani

IS releases video of Jordanian piolet

Jan 2015

IS releases a video of captured Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kaseasbeh being burned to death in a cage, sparking outrage in Jordan, which launches new strikes targeting the militants

IS takes Christian hostages

Jan 2015

IS overruns several Christian villages in Syria's eastern Hassakeh province, taking at least 220 syrian Christians hostage.

IS tries to turn the US against Jordan

6 Feb 2015

IS claims a Jordanian airstrike kills American hostage Kayla Jean Mueller. US officials later confirm her death, but say it wasn't caused by a Jordanian airstrike.