Bio Evolution



428 BC - 348 BC

(335BC- 323BC)
Plato did his part with science as much as any other philosopher, was dwarfed by Aristotle’s.


384 BC - 322 BC

In Athens, between 335 and 323 BC, Aristotle composed many dialogues. Not many survived, but those that did are in treatise form.

Nicholas Steno

1638 - 1686

in October 1666, two fishermen caught a huge shark near the town of Livorno, and Duke Ferdinand ordered its head to be sent to Steno. Steno dissected it and published his findings in 1667 and the figure of the shark's head and teeth was published by Steno.

Carolus Linnaeus

1707 - 1778

This binomial system rapidly became the standard system for naming species. Zoological and most botanical taxonomic priority begin with Linnaeus: the oldest plant names accepted as valid today are those published in Species Plantarum, in 1753, while the oldest animal names are those in the tenth edition of Systema Naturae (1758), the first edition to use the binomial system consistently throughout. Although Linnaeus was not the first to use binomials, he was the first to use them consistently.

George Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

1707 - 1788

Lamarck did not invent the idea of inheritance of acquired characteristics but stated it clearly and publicly in an 1809 publication entitled Philosophie Zoologique.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744 - 1829

A few of his famous publications include “Système des Animaux sans vertèbres” (1801) and “Recherche sur l’organisation des espèces” (1802). He was appointed a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1779.

Thomas Robert Malthus

1766 - 1834

Between 1798 and 1826 he published six editions of An Essay on the Principle of Population, updating each edition to incorporate new material, to address criticism, and to convey changes in his own perspectives on the subject.

George Cuvier

1769 - 1832

Cuvier went on to publish detailed studies of elephant anatomy that showed not only that the African and Indian elephants were distinct species, but that the fossil mammoths of Europe and Siberia were different from either living elephant species.

Charles Lyell

1797 - 1875

In his three-volume Principles of Geology (1830-1833), Lyell documented the fact that the earth must be very old and that it has been subject to the same sort of natural processes in the past that operate today in shaping the land. These forces include erosion, earthquakes, glacial movements, volcanoes, and even the decomposition of plants and animals.

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

In 1858, after years of further scientific investigation, Darwin publically introduced his revolutionary theory of evolution in a letter read at a meeting of the Linnean Society. On November 24, 1859, he published a detailed explanation of his theory in his best-known work, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

Alfred Russel Wallace

1823 - 1913

In 1845 Wallace moved back to Neath and it was there that he first read Robert Chambers' anonymously published controversial book Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, which convinced him of the reality of evolution (then known as transmutation).

Sewall Wright

1889 - 1988

All three geneticists performed breeding experiments while crafting mathematical models of evolution.

Ronald A. Fisher

1890 - 1962

All three geneticists performed breeding experiments while crafting mathematical models of evolution.

JBS Haldane

1892 - 1964

All three geneticists performed breeding experiments while crafting mathematical models of evolution.

Motoo Kimura

1924 - 1994

(1970 - 1980)
Kimura accomplished a great deal of important theoretical experimental work. Many remember him for his tireless dogmatic championing fo the neutral therory.

Sean Carroll (biologist at UW Madison, not physics guy)

1960 - Present

His first two books were the basis for, and Carroll was the scientific consulting producer of, a two-hour NOVA special that was first broadcast in December 2009 on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species. He also wrote a regular feature "Remarkable Creatures" for the New York Times Science Times.