History Timeline (Copy)

Political Events

French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

Boston Massacre

03/05/1770

Boston Tea Party

12/01/1773

American Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent - See more here

Declaration of Independence written

1776

Britian and Amarica sign Treaty of Paris

Sept, 1783

The Treaty of Paris was signed nearly two years after the Battle at Yorktown. What took so long?

After the Battle of Yorktown, Britain's King George III did not think he could win the war anymore, but he still did not want to give the American colonists independence from Great Britain.

Three representatives were sent from America to Great Britain to work out the terms of the peace treaty. Those men were John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin. It took them a great deal of time and discussion to finally convince King George III that America would not sign a peace treaty, ending the Revolutionary War, until that treaty included American independence from Great Britain.

And, it took time and discussion to work out the other details of the treaty, if not to the satisfaction, at least to the acceptance of the other parties involved who had fought on the side of the American colonists - the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch, each of whom had their own national interests.

Finally, in September 1783, the Treaty of Paris was ratified.

For America, The Treaty of Paris accomplished:

  1. END OF WAR: The official end of the Revolutionary War

  2. NEW GOVERNMENT: This treaty gave the colonies their independence from Great Britain. The 13 states were free to make their own rules and create their own state and national government without British interference.

  3. MORE LAND: The British gave America all the land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River, and from Canada to the north and Florida to the south. Land that Parliament had "reserved" for the Indian nations would now be open for settlement.

  4. REMOVAL OF BRITISH MILITARY: The British army and navy agreed to leave all American territories.

  5. FREE TRADE: British Parliament had passes many laws to control trade in the American colonies. These laws were repealed, and American colonists were free to trade with whomever they chose.

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

French Revolution, also called Revolution of 1789, the revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789. Hence the conventional term “Revolution of 1789,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848.

Constitution is ratified

06/21/1788

Other important US figures

Daneil Boone is born

11/02/1734

Daniel Boone (November 2, 1734 [O.S. October 22] – September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky, which was then part of Virginia but on the other side of the mountains from the settled areas.

Art, music, & literature

Ludwig van Beethoven is born

12/16/1770

15 December 1770 – 26 March 1827 Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by Christian Gottlob Neefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from this period.

Wiki

Ludwig van Beethoven dies

March 26, 1827

France

Napoléon Bonaparte is born

08/15/1769

Born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. Good site for the kid to check out with videos and extras

The Reign of Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte, also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd, ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire. However, after a disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later, on April 6, 1814, and was exiled to the island of Elba. On February 26, 1815, he briefly returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he abdicated once again and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he died at 51.
Check out this site with videos

U.S. Presidents

(1st Pres.) George Washington is born

02/22/1732

Augustus "Gus" Washington, George's father, married Jane Butler, and they had 3 children: Jane, Lawrence, and Augustine Jr. Jane died in 1729, and , soon after her death, Gus married 23 year old Mary Ball. George was born to Gus and Mary in Feb. 1732, followed by a sister, Betty, in 1733, and brothers Samuel, John Augustine, and Charles in 1734,1736, & 1738. Anothr girl, Mildred, was born in 1739 but died the following year.


Site with list of facts from Washington's life

(2nd Pres.)John Adams is born

10/19/1735

Adams, the eldest of three sons, was born on October 30, 1735 (October 19, 1735 Old Style, Julian calendar), in what is now Quincy, Massachusetts (then called the "north precinct" of Braintree, Massachusetts), to John Adams, Sr., and Susanna Boylston Adams. Adams's birthplace is now part of Adams National Historical Park. His father (1691–1761) was a fifth-generation descendant of Henry Adams, who emigrated from Somerset in England to Massachusetts Bay Colony in about 1638. The elder Adams, the descendant of Puritans, continued in this religious tradition by serving as a Congregationalist deacon; he also farmed and served as a lieutenant in the militia. Further he served as a selectman, or town councilman, and supervised the building and planning of schools and roads. Adams commonly praised his father and indicated that he and his father were very close when he was a child.
Facts about John Adams

(1st Pres.) Washington's father, Augustine "Gus", dies.

04/12/1743

Augustine Washington dies. Washington's half brother, Lawrence inherits most of his father's choicest property.
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(3rd Pres.) Thomas Jefferson is born

04/13/1743

(1st Pres.) Washington surveys Shenandoah Vallley

1748

(1st Pres.) Washington goes to Barbados

1751

George Washington House

In 1751, Washington and his half brother Lawrence took a ship to the island of Barbados hoping that the tropics might help Lawrence, who was now very ill with tuberculosis. (This was the only ocean crossing taken by George Washington during his lifetime; his other future travels did not extend beyond the wide borders of the future United States of America). In his diary, Washington writes of how they searched for suitable lodging and settled on the house of Captain Croftain, Commander of James Fort, despite the fact that they thought the rent to be extravagantly deer, 15 pounds per month. While there George Washington became sick with smallpox; although he suffered some scarring on his face, his survival meant he was immune to other attacks. Smallpox would be the cause of the most deaths during the American Revolutionary War, and more people died of disease than of battle wounds.[13]

(4th) James Madison is born on March 16.

1751

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(1st Pres.) Washington's half brother Lawrence dies.

1752

Lawrence Washington died of tuberculosis at his Mount Vernon home, in July 1752. His widow Anne remarried into the Lee family shortly thereafter. Twenty-year-old George lived at, and managed, the Mount Vernon plantation. Upon the death of Lawrence's widow Anne, George Washington inherited the estate at Mount Vernon.

(1st Pres.) Washington is appointed major

11/01/1752

(1st Pres.) Washington serves in French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

(1st Pres.) Washington kills French diplomat

1754

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's father, Peter Jefferson, dies.

1757

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(5th Pres.) James Monroe is born

1758

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Adams practices law in Braintree

1758

(1st Pres.) Washington marries Martha

01/22/1759

Martha Dandridge Custis was previously married to Daniel Parke Custis in 1749. Custis was the son of a wealthy Virginia landowner, who left most of his estate to him. Martha gave birth to John "Jackie" Parke Custis in 1754, and Martha "Patsy" Parke Custis in 1755. When Daniel died, she became of the wealthiest single women in Virginia.

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson attends Williams and Mary College

1760

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(4th) Madison begins his schooling.

1762

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson begins to study law with George Wythe.

1762

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Adams marries Abigail Smith

10/25/1764

Adams first daughter,"Nabby" is born

1765

(7th Pres) Andrew Jackson born

March 15, 1767

Jackson was born on March 15, 1767. His parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from Ireland two years earlier.[1][2] Jackson's father was born in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, in current-day Northern Ireland, around 1738.[3] Jackson's parents lived in the village of Boneybefore, also in County Antrim.

When they emigrated to America in 1765, Jackson's parents probably landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They would have traveled overland down through the Appalachian Mountains to the Scots-Irish community in the Waxhaws region, straddling the border between North and South Carolina.[4] They brought two children from Ireland, Hugh (born 1763) and Robert (born 1764).

Jackson's father died in an accident in February 1767, at the age of 29, three weeks before his son Andrew was born in the Waxhaws area. His exact birth site is unclear because he was born about the time his mother was making a difficult trip home from burying Jackson's father. The area was so remote that the border between North and South Carolina had not been officially surveyed.

Wki

John Quincy Adams is born

07/11/1767

Adams daughter Susanna is born

1768

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to the House of Burgesses in Virginia

1768

Jefferson also starts building Monticello.

(4th) Madison goes to the College of New Jersey, later known as Princeton University.

1769

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Adams daughter Susanna dies

1770

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson marries Martha Wayles Skelton.

1772


Also, their daughter, Martha "Patsy" is born.

(1st Pres.) Washington attends First Continental Congress

1774

Prayerfully seeking God's guidance for our country

(5th Pres.) Monroe enrolls in the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia.

1774

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(4) Madison is selected to the committee of safety in Orange County, Virginia.

1774

(3rd) Jefferson's daughter Jane Randolph is born.

1774

(3) Jefferson writes A Summary View of the Rights of British America.

1774

(1st Pres.) Washington is Commander in Chief of Continental Army during the American Revolution

1775 - 1783

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to the Continental Congress

1775

Sadly, his daughter, Jane Randolph, dies this same year.

(5th Pres.) The Revolutionary War begins in April. Seventeen-year-old Monroe volunteers in a Virginia infantry regiment.

1775

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(1st Pres.) Washington attends Second Continental Congress

1775

(4th) The Battles of Lexington and Concord mark the beginning of the Revolutionary War.

1775

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to Virginia House of Delegates and drafts Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

1776

(5th Pres.) Monroe fights in Battles of Harlem Heights, White Plains, and Trenton. He was seriously wounded in the Battle of Trenton.

1776

The Battle of Trenton.

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(5th Pres.) The Declaration of Independence is adopted on July 4th.

1776

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(4th) Madison joins the Virginia General Assembly, the state's legislative body.

1776

(5th Pres.) Monroe and his regiment join General George Washington's Continental Army in New York.

1776

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(4th) The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.

1776

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson writes a draft of the Declaration of Independence.

1776

Jefferson's mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson, dies.

(1st Pres.) Washington captures 900 prisoners at Trenton

12/26/1776

(5th Pres.) Monroe fights in the Battles of Brandywine Creek and Germantown, Pennsylvania and spends the winter at Valley Forge with Washington's army.

1777

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's daughter, Mary (also known as Maria or Polly) is born

1778

(5th Pres.) Monroe serves in the Battle of Monmouth and as a scout for General Washington.

1778

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(4th) Working first with Virginia governor Patrick Henry and then Governor Thomas Jefferson, Madison works on the Council of State.

1778

Patrick Henry (left) and Thomas Jefferson (right)

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(3rd Pres.) An unnamed son is born to Martha and Thomas Jefferson but he dies shortly after birth.

1778

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected governor of Virginia

1779

(7th Pres.) Andrew Jackson oldest brother, Hugh, dies, Andrew and brother Robert are captured and mistreated by British troops.

June 20, 1779 - April 27, 1781

During the Revolutionary War, Jackson, at age thirteen, informally helped the local militia as a courier. His eldest brother, Hugh, died from heat exhaustion during the Battle of Stono Ferry, on June 20, 1779. Jackson and his brother Robert were captured by the British and held as prisoners; they nearly starved to death in captivity. When Jackson refused to clean the boots of a British officer, the officer slashed at the youth with a sword, leaving Jackson with scars on his left hand and head, as well as an intense hatred for the British. While imprisoned, the brothers contracted smallpox.
Robert Jackson died on April 27, 1781, a few days after their mother Elizabeth secured the brothers' release.

(1st Pres.) Washington betrayed by General Benedict Arnold

1780

(5th Pres.) Governor Thomas Jefferson accepts Monroe as a law student.

1780

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, is born

1780

Madison joins the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

1780

(5th Pres.) The Revolutionary War ends.

1781

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's youngest daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, dies

1781

(1st Pres.) Washington defeats Cornwallis

10/19/1781

(5th Pres.) Virginians elect Monroe to the Virginia House of Delegates.

1782

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson writes Notes on the State of Virginia.

1782


Another daughter, named Lucy Elizabeth after her sister, is born. However, Jefferson's wife Martha dies this same year.

The United States and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the Revolutionary War.

1783

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected a delegate to Congress.

1783

(5th Pres.) The House of Delegates elects Monroe to represent Virginia in the Confederation Congress. He serves for three years.

1783

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves in France as commissioner and then minister.

1784

His youngest daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, dies this year; following her sister with the same name.

(1st Pres.) Washington returns to Mount Vernon

1784 - 1787

(5th Pres.) Monroe marries Elizabeth Kortright of New York. They move to Fredericksburg, Virginia, were Monroe practces law.

1786

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(5th Pres.) Monroe's daughter Eliza is born.

1786

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(1st Pres.) Washington presides at Constitutional Convention

1787

(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected again to Virginia's House of Delegates.

1787

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's book, Notes on the States of Virginia, is published.

1787

Madison attends the Constitutional Convention, presenting his blueprint for the Constitution known as the Virginia Plan (adopted in September of that year)

1787

(4th) Madison takes a seat in the new U.S. Congress.

1789

(1st Pres.) Washington becomes 1st President (serves 2 terms)

04/30/1789 - 09/19/1797

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves as first U.S. secretary of state

1790

(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected to the U.S. Senate and moves to the temporary capital in Philadelphia.

1790

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(4th) Madison first splits with Hamilton over Hamilton's financial plans.

1790

(4th) Madison helps persuade Washington to run for a second term as president.

1792

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(5th Pres.) President George Washington appoints Monroe U.S. minister to France. The Monroes arrive in Paris in the summer.

1794

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(4th) Madison breaks with the president, criticizing him during a battle over the Jay Treaty.

1796

(1st Pres.) Washington declines to run for 3rd term

1796

(1st Pres.) Washington retires to Mount Vernon

1797

John Adams becomes 2nd President (serves 1 term)

1797 - 1801

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves as vice president to President John Adams

1797 - 1801

(4th) Madison protests the Alien and Sedition Acts.

1798

(4th) Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd.

1798

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(5th pres.) The Monroes' second child, James Spence, is born.

1799

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(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected governor of Virginia.

1799

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(1st Pres.) Washington dies

12/14/1799

On Thursday, December 12, 1799, Washington spent several hours inspecting his plantation on horseback, in snow, hail, and freezing rain—later that evening eating his supper without changing from his wet clothes.[145] That Friday he awoke with a severe sore throat and became increasingly hoarse as the day progressed, yet still rode out in the heavy snow, marking trees on the estate that he wanted cut. Sometime around 3 a.m. that Saturday, he suddenly awoke with severe difficulty breathing and almost completely unable to speak or swallow.[145] A firm believer in bloodletting, a standard medical practice of that era which he had used to treat various ailments of enslaved Africans on his plantation, he ordered estate overseer Albin Rawlins to remove half a pint of his blood. A total of three physicians were sent for, including Washington's personal physician Dr. James Craik[146] along with Dr. Gustavus Brown and Dr. Elisha Dick. Craik and Brown thought that Washington had what they diagnosed as "quinsey" or "quincy", while Dick, the younger man, thought the condition was more serious or a "violent inflammation of the throat". [147] By the time the three physicians had finished their treatments and bloodletting of the President, there had been a massive volume of blood loss—half or more of his total blood content being removed over the course of just a few hours.[145][148][149] Recognizing that the bloodletting and other treatments were failing, Dr. Dick proposed performing an emergency tracheotomy, a procedure that few American physicians were familiar with at the time, as a last-ditch effort to save Washington's life, but the other two doctors rejected this proposal.
Washington died at home around 10 p.m. on Saturday, December 14, 1799, aged 67. In his journal, Lear recorded Washington's last words as being "'Tis well."

(4th) Madison helps Thomas Jefferson in his bid for president. The election ends in a tie, broken by the Federalist-controlled Congress.

1800

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(5th Pres.) Gabriel's Rebellion, a slave revolt, is discovered and thwarted. James Spence dies.

1800

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(4th) Thomas Jefferson appoints Madison secretary of state.

1801

Jeferson becomes 3rd President (seves 2 terms)

1801 - 1809

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson approves purchase of the Louisiana Purchase from France

1803

(4th) Madison helps arrange purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France.

1803

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(5th Pres.) Maria Hester, a second daughter, is born.

1803

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(5th Pres.) Monroe runs for president against Madison and loses.

1810

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(19th) Rutherford B. Hayes is born in Delaware, Ohio, on October 4.

1822

(19th) Hayes older brother, Lorenzo, dies at the age of nine.

1825

Thomas Jefferson Dies

1826

(21st Pres.) Chester Alen Arthur is born on October 5.

1829

(20th Pres.) James Garfild is born.

1831

(20th Pres.) Garfild's father dies.

1833

(23 Pres.) Benjamin Harrison is born.

1833

(21st Pres.) Arthur's family moves to New York State.

1835

Arther's father helps start the New York Anti-Slavery Society.

(19th) Hayes attends Norwalk Seminary, a boarding school in Norwalk, Ohio.

1836

(19th) Hayes attends Isaac Webb's Preparatory School in Middletown, Connecticut.

1837

(22nd Pres.) Stephen Grover Cleveland is born on March 18th

1837

(23 Pres.) Benjamin starts school.

1838

(19th) Hayes enrolls in Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in November

1838

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland's family moves to Fayetteville, New York.

1841

(19th) Hayes graduates from Kenyon Collage and studies law at a firm in Columbus, Ohio.

1842

(25 Pres.) William McKinley is born.

1843

(19th) Hayes enters Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1843

(19th) Hayes graduates from Harvard Law School and moves to Lower Sandusky, Ohio, where he establishes a law practice.

1845

(21st Pres.) Arthur begins classes at Union Collage in Schenectady, New York.

1845

(23 Pres.) Benjamin moves to Cincinnati to attend Farmers College.

1847

(19th) Hayes meets Lucy Ware Webb, a collage student from Chillicothe, Ohio

1847

(20th Pres.) James Garfild becomes a canal boy on the Evening Star.

1848

(21st Pres.) Arthur graduates from Union Collage, studying law and working as a schoolmaster.

1848

(20th Pres.) Garfild begins classes at Geauga Academy.

1849

(19th) On Christmas Eve, Hayes moves to Cincinnati, where he sets up a new law practice.

1849

(20th Pres.) Garfild starts preaching.

1850

(23 Pres.) Benjamin's mother dies.

1850

(21st Pres.) Aurther becomes principal of a school in North Pownal, Vermont.

1851

(19th Pres.) In February, Hayes serves as defense attorney for accused murderer Nancy Farrer. His work in that case helps cement his reputation as an up-and-coming lawyer. Hayes marries Lucy Webb

1852

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(23rd Pres.) Harrison graduates from Miami University.

1852

(25 Pres.) William attends Poland Academy.

1852

(23rd Pres.) Harrison marries Caroline Scott in Oxford, Ohio.

1853


Harrison's father, John Harrison, is also elected to the U.S. Congress.

(19th Pres.) Lucy gives birth to the Hayeses' first child, a boy named Birchard. Hayes and other Cincinnati attorneys from the law firm of Corwine, Hayes, and Rogers.

1853

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(22nd Pres.) Cleveland takes a job at the New York Institution for the Blind.

1853

Cleveland's father, Richard Falley Cleveland, died earlier this year.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes a practicing attorney

1854

The Harrison's first child, Russell Benjamin Harrison, is born.

(21st Pres.) Arthur becomes a lawyer in New York City.

1854

(20th Pres.) Garfild enters Williams College.

1854

(21st Pres.) Arthur defends Elizabeth Jennings and starts working on the Lemmon case.

1855

Elizabeth Jennings was an African American teacher who was forced off a whites-only streetcar in New York City. Angered at this action, African American leaders in the city hired Arthur's law firm to handle the case, which was later won.

Later, eight slaves escaped to Jonathan Lemmon's house, and Lemmon refused to turn them over when they were to be brought back. This started the Lemmon case, with southerners outraged when the court let the slaves go.

(22nd Pres.) With the help of an uncle, Cleveland starts studying law in Buffalo, New York.

1855

(19th Pres.) Hayes Participates in the formation of the Republican Party in Ohio.

1855

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(20th Pres.) Garfild graduates from Williams and joins the faculty at Eclectic Institute.

1856

(21st Pres.) Arthur travels to Kansus teritory to support antislavery forces.

1856

(19th Pres.) A second son, Webb, is born in March Hayes's sister, Fanny, dies.

1856

(23rd Pres.) Harrison joins the newly formed Republican party.

1856

(20th Pres.) Garfild becomes president of Eclectic Institute.

1857

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is elected Indianapolis city attorney.

1857

(26th Pres.) Theadore Roosevelt is born on October 27

1858

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes the Indiana Republican Party secretary.

1858

The Harrison's second child, Mary Scott Harrison, is born.

(19th Pres.) A third son, named Rutherford, is born in June. in December Hayes becomes the city solicitor (lawyer) of Cincinnati.

1858

(20th Pres.) Garfield marries Lucretia "Crete" Rudolph on November 11.

1858

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland begins work as a lawyer at the age of 22.

1859

(21st Pres.) Aurther marries Ellen Lewis Herndon on October 25.

1859

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(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected to hte Ohio Senate.

1859

(23rd Pres.) Harrison wins his first statewide election, becoming the Indiana surpreme court reporter.

1860

(19th Pres.) Abraham Lincoln is elected as sixteenth president of the United States. In response, South Carolina becomes the first of eleven states to secede from the Union and from the Confederacy.

1860

(25 Pres.) McKinley attends Allegheny College.

1860

(20th Pres.) Garfield's first daughter, Elizabeth "Trot" Garfield is born

1860

(21st Pres.) Carolina seccedes from the Union. The Civil War begins.

1860 - 1861

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(21 Pres.) William Lewis Herndon Arthur is born on December 10.

1860

(19th Pres.) The Civil War begins. Hayes joins the Union army. In September Hayes engages in battle at Carnifex Ferry in western Virginia.

1861

(25 Pres.) McKinly Joins the 23rd Regiment.

1861

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes a lawyer and volunteers for the Union Army, soon leading troops in Kentucky and Tennessee.

1861

(22nd Pres.) the American Civil War rages over the issues with slavery and preserving the Union.

1861 - 1865

(21st Pres.) Arther is named inpector general and then quartermaster general in the New York State militia.

1862

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to second lieutenant.

1862

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland is elected as a Democratic ward supervisor in Buffalo.

1862

Later this year, he also becomes assistant district attorney in Erie county, New York.

(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected to the U.S. House of Representitives.

1862

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes a second lieutenant, later a colonel, with the Seventieth Indiana Volunteer Regiment.

1862

(21st Pres.) Arther's son, William, dies on July 8.

1863

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to first lieutenant.

1863

(22nd Pres.) The Union drafts Cleveland into its army, but he pays someone to go in his place.

1863

(21st Pres.) Arther resigns from the New York State militia on January 1. He returns to his law practice and begins a friendship with influential Republican politician Roscoe Conkling.

1863

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(20th Pres.) Garfield is promoted to major general.

1863

His first son, Harry Garfield, is born on October 11, but his daughter "Trot" dies on December 1.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison and his regement fight against the Confederate troops.

1864

Harrison is reelected as Indiana supreme court reporter.

(21st Pres.) Chester Alan Arther II is born on July 25.

1864

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(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to captain.

1864

(20th Pres.) Garfield's son, James Rundolph, is born on October 17.

1865

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is promoted to brigadier general and retires from military service after the Civil War.

1865

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to brevet major, and the Civil War ends.

1865

(25 Pres.) McKinly attends Albany Law School.

1866

(19th Pres.) Hayes votes in support of Reconstruction policies and is reelected to Congress.

1866

The Hayes's youngest son, George, dies this year as well

(23rd Pres.) Harrison acts as the U.S. government's attorney in the case of Ex parte Milligan.

1866

(19th Pres.) Hayes is elected governor of Ohio.

1867

Lucy gives birth to a sixth child, a girl named Fanny.

(20th Pres.) Garfield's daughter, Mary "Mollie" Garfield is born on January 17.

1867

(25 Pres.) McKinly is admitted to the Ohio Bar Association.

1867

(23rd Pres.) Harrison turns down offers to run for the U.S. House of Representitives and for Indiana govenor.

1868

(25 Pres.) McKinly is elected county prosecutor for Stark County, Ohio.

1869

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Commerce.

1869

(19th Pres.) Hayes is reelected to a second term as governor.

1869

(20th Pres.) Irvin McDowell Garfield is born on August 3, 1870

1870

Irvin McDowell Garfield (second from right).

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(22 Pres.) Cleveland is elected sheriff of Erie County for a three-year term.

1870

(19th Pres.) With Hayes's support, the Ohio legislature ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

1870

(21st Pres.) President Ulysses Grant appionts Arther to the postion of collecter at the New York Customhouse.

1871

(19th Pres.) A seventh child, named Scott, is born to the Hayes family in February.

1871

(25 Pres.) McKinly marries Ida Saxton on January 25. He loses reelection as county prosecutor.

1871

(21st Pres.) Ellen Herndon Arther is bornon November 21.

1871

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes the chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations.

1871

(25th Pres.) Daughter Katherine is born on December 25.

1871

(21st Pres.) Ellen Herndon Arther is bornon November 21.

1871

(19th Pres.) Hayes retires as governor. The Ohio Republicans urge him to run for Congress so he does, but he looses.

1872

(20th Pres.) Garfield negotiates a treaty with the Salish (Flathead) Nation.

1872

.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison tries to run for Indiana governor but loses the Republican Party nomination to Thomas Brown.

1872

(20th Pres.) Abram Garfield is born on November 12.

1872

Abram Garfield (far right)

(19th Pres.) Hayes and his family move to Fremont, Ohio, to live at Spiegel Grove.

1873


In August, Lucy gives birth to an eighth child, a boy named Manning.

(25th Pres.) Daughter Ida is born and dies four months later.

1873

(21st Pres.) Congress bans the moiety system, which allows government officials to make money by seizing illegal imports.

1874

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland returns to the practice of law, forming a company with Oscar Folsom.

1874

(19th Pres.) Hayes's Uncle Sardis dies in January, followed by the death of their youngest son, Manning.

1874

(19th Pres.) Hayes is elected for a third term as governor of Ohio

1875

(25th Pres.) Daughter Katherine dies of typhoid fever.

1875

(25th Pres.) McKinley is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Eighteenth Congressional District of Ohio.

1876

(23rd Pres.) Harrison runs for governor of Indiana but loses the election.

1876

(19th Pres.) Hayes is nominated as the Republican Party's candidate for President against Samuel J. Tilden.

1876

The election results as to who actually won are uncertain, leading to months of conflict between the Republican and Democrat parties.

(20th Pres.) Garfield is appointed to an electorial committee in the Tilden-Hayes dispute. The committee appoints Hayes president.

1877

.

(19th Pres.) On March 2nd, Hayes is named the winner of the 1876 election and is inaugurated as the 19th president.

1877 - 1881


Reconstruction ends with the removal of federal troops from southern capitals.

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a second term in Congress.

1878

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes minority leader in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1878

(19th Pres.) Hayes reduces corruption in the New York Custom House.

1878

(21 Pres.) President Rutherford B. Hayes fires Arther from his customhouse job.

1878

(23rd Pres.) President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Harrison to the Mississippi River Commission.

1879

.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison leads the Indiana delegation to the Republican National Convention.

1880

(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected U.S. senator on January 13. He is elected president on November 2.

1880

.

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a third term in Congress and is appionted to the House Ways and Means Committee.

1880

(21 Pres.) Arthur's wife, Ellen, dies. Arthur becomes the Republican vice-presidential candidate. He and running mate James Garfield win the election.

1880

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt graduates from Harvord and marries Alice Lee later that year.

1880

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is elected a U.S. senater from Indiana.

1881

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt is elected to the New York State legislature.

1881

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland is elected mayor of Buffalo.

1881

(20th Pres.) Garfield is sworn in as president on March 4. He is shot by Charles Guiteau on July 2 and dies in Elberon, New Jersey, on September 19.

March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1882

.

(21 Pres.) Arthur is sworn in as vice president on March 4. President Garfield is shot on July 2 and dies on September 19. Arthur takes the oath of office as president.

September 19, 1881 - 1884

(21 Pres.) Arthur first vetos then signs into law the Chinese Exclusion Act. Arthur learns he has Bright's disease, a kidney disorder.

1882

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a fourth tern in Congress by a narrow majority. Democratic canidate Jonathan Wallace contests the election results

1882

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland's mother, Ann, dies in July. In November Cleveland is elected governor of New York.

1882

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's book, The Naval War of 1812, is published.

1882

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act, a law that Harrison opposes.

1882

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt buys a ranch in the Dakota Badlands.

1883

(21 Pres.) Arthur signs into law the Pendleton Civil Service Act. He also supports and signs legislation to improve the navy and to build steel-hulled naval ships.

1883

(25th Pres.) In May a congressional committee votes to give McKinley's House seat to Wallace. In November, McKinley runs for reelection and wins a fifth term in Congress.

1884

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland wins the election to become president of the United States.

1884 - 1888

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's daughter Alice is born, but his wife and mother die a few weeks later.

1884

(21 Pres.) Republicans nominate James Blaine as their presidential candidate. He loses the election to Democrat Grover Cleveland on November 4.

1884

(21 Pres.) Arthur attends the inauguration of President Cleveland on March 4 and later returns to New York City.

1885

(22nd Pres.) On Cleveland's first day in office, more than fiffty thousand miners are on strike.

1885

(21 Pres.) Arther dies on November 18.

1886

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt marries childhood friend Edith Carrow.

1886

(22nd Pres.) Railroad workers across the contry go on strike, stopping all trains. Cleveland uses U.S. troops against the violent strikers. On June 2, Cleveland marries Frances Folsom.

1886

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a sixth term in Congress.

1886

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland signs the Interstate Commerce Act. He also approves the Dawes Act.

1887

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's son, Theadore Jr. is born.

1887

(23rd Pres.) Harrison loses his bid for reelection to U.S. Senate.

1887

(25th Pres) McKinley wins reelection to a seventh term in Congress.

1888

(23rd Pres.) Harrison defeats Grover Cleveland to win the presidential election and is inaugurated as the twenty-third president of the United States.

1888 - 1889

(22 Pres.) Cleveland runs for president, but loses to Benjamin Harrison.

1888

(25th Pres) McKinley becomes chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee.

1889

(25th Pres) McKinley is defeated in his bid for reelection to Congress.

1890

During this year, McKinley wrote and sponsored the McKinley Tariff legislation.

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's son Kermit is born.

1890

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Dependent and Disability Pensions Act, the Sherman Antitrust Act, the McKinley Tariff, and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.

1890

(25th Pres) McKinley is elected governor of Ohio.

1891

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Forest Reserve Act, which gives presidents the power to create national forests.

1891

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's daughter Ethel is born.

1891

(24 Pres.) Cleveland becomes the 24th president

1892 - 1896

(23 Pres.) Harrison's wife dies, and he loses reelection as president.

1892

(25th Pres) McKinley wins reelection as governor of Ohio.

1893

(23 Pres.) Harrison resumes law practice.

1893

(24 Pres.) Cleveland blocks a treaty allowing the U.S. to take over Hawaii. The stock market crashes.

1893

(23 Pres.) Harrison moves to California to teach law class.

1894

(24 Pres.) Cleveland tries to build up U.S. Treasury gold reserves. he also temporarily lowers tariffs.

1894

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt's son Archie is born.

1894

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt bocomes the head of the New York police board.

1895

(23 Pres.) Harrison marries Mary Scott Lord Dimmick.

1896

(25th Pres) McKinley becomes presedent of the United States.

1896 - 1900

(24 Pres.) Cleveland refuses to run for a third term.

1896

(24 Pres.) The Clevelands retire to Princeton, New Jersey.

1897

(23 Pres.) Harrison's third child, Elizabeth Harrison, is born.

1897

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt becomes assistant secretary of the navy.

1897

Son Quentin is born

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders' charge up San Juan Hill, and is elected governor of New York.

1898

(24 Pres.) The Spanish-American War lasts for 4 months.

1898

(25th Pres) McKinley signs a Congressiol resolution annexing the Hawaiian Islands.

1898

Also, this year the battleship Maine exploded and sank in Havana Harbor, giving the Americans a reason to declare war on Spain other than aiding in Cuba's independence. Later that year, the war ended in favor of the US and Cuba became an independent nation. Spain also gives Puerto Rico and Guam to the US as compensation for the war and the US purchases the Philippine islands from Spain for $20 million.

(25th Pres) McKinley asks Secretary of State John Hay to issue the Open Door policy toward China.

1899

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt is elected vise president.

1900

(25th Pres) McKinley is reelected presedant of the united states.

1900 - 1901

During this period, the Boxer Rebellion against foreigners in China begins.

(25th Pres) McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz on September 6th and dies eight days later.

1901

(23 Pres.) Harrison dies.

1901

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt becomes president.

1901

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt uses the Sherman Anti-Trust Act against big bisiness.

1902

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt provides U.S. support for the construction of the Panama Canal.

1903

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt is reelected president.

1904

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt helps negotiate peace in the Russo-Japanese War.

1905

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt Becomes the first American to win the Nobel P{eace Prize. The Preservation of America Antiquities Act is passed.

1906

(25th Pres) McKinley's wife, Ida, dies in Canton, Ohio.

1907

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt sends the Great White Fleet on a worldwide tour.

1907

(24 Pres.) Cleveland dies.

1908

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt embarks on a yearlong African safari.

1909

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt accepts the Nobel Peace Prize in Christiania, (Oslo) Norway.

1910

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt accepts the Progressive Party nomination for president. He is shot while compaigning.

1912

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt writes his autobiography after losing the presidency. He retires and goes on an axpedition to explore the source of a river in Brazil.

1913

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt urges the United States to take action against Germany after the sinking of the Lusitania.

1915

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt askes President Wilson for permission to lead a volunteer regiment to Europe.

1917

(26 Pres.) Son Quentin is killed in France.

1918

(26th Pres.) Theodore Roosevelt dies on January 6th.

1919

States

Vermont

1791

Kentucky

1792

Tennessee

1796

Inventions

Canada

England

Spain

Russia