The Anglo-Saxon & Early Medieval Periods:

Battles and Key Events

Germanic Tribes settle in Britain (c. 400 A.D.)

Approx. 400

The Sack of Rome (410 A.D.)

410

Rome was sacked by the Visigoths in 410 A.D.

Sutton Hoo Ship Burial (c. 625 A.D.)

625

Synod of Whitby (664 A.D.)

664

The Northumbrian synod which determined that the Celtic churches would observe the Roman discipline, most importantly the observance of Easter.

First Viking Raids on England (c. 787 A.D.)

787

The Vikings Attack Lindesfarne (793 A.D.)

793

The Battle of Maldon (991 A.D.)

991

The real life event which inspired the Anglo-Saxon poem "The Battle of Maldon" took place in the year 991 A.D.

The Great Schism (1054 A.D.)

1054

The origin of the great split between the Western and Eastern Churches.

The Norman Conquest (1066 A.D.)

1066

English Sovereigns & Supreme Pontiffs

Pope Sylvester I (314-335 A.D.)

314 - 335

Pope Leo I (440-461 A.D.)

440 - 461

Pope Gregory I (c.590-604 A.D.)

590 - 604

Sent Christian missionaries, including Augustine of Canterbury, from Rome to convert the pagans.

Pope Sergius I (687-701 A.D.)

687 - 701

King Offa of Mercia (757-796 A.D.)

757 AD - 796

King Egbert the Saxon (802-839 A.D.)

802 - 839

King Aethelwulf (839-856/858 A.D.)

839 - Approx. 856

Alfred the Great (871-899 A.D.)

871 - 899

Canute the Dane (1016-1035 A.D.)

1016 - 1035

Edward the Confessor (1042-1066 A.D.)

1042 - 1066

Spread of Christianity

Reign of Constantine the Great: Christianity adopted as the official religion of the Roman Empire (307-337 A.D.)

307 - 337

Edict of Milan (313 A.D.)

313

The Edict of Milan legalized Christianity throughout the Roman Empire.

Beginning of St. Patrick's mission to Ireland (432 A.D.)

432

St. Augustine of Canterbury's Christian Mission to Kent (597 A.D.)

597

Conversion of King Aethelberht I of Kent (600 A.D.)

600

St. Boniface's Mission to the Frisian Saxons on the Continent (716-722 A.D.)

716 - 722

St. Boniface's Mission to Thuringia (725-735 A.D.)

725 - 735

Literature & Authors

St. Augustine (354-430 A.D.)

354 - 430

Composition of St. Augustine's Confessions (c. 400 A.D.)

400

St. Jerome completes the Vulgate (c. 405 A.D.)

Approx. 405

The Vulgate (a Latin Bible) is very important as it eventually became the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church. This translation served as the basis for liturgy, hymns, ect. for hundreds of years and thoroughly permeates Western culture.

Boethius (c.470-475--524 A.D.)

Approx. 470 - 524

Roman author of the treatise Consolation of Philosophy.

Composition of The Consolation of Philosophy (c.524 A.D.)

523

The Venerable Bede (672/673-May 25, 735 A.D.)

Approx. 672 - May 25, 735

English monk who composed The Ecclesiastical History of the English People.

Composition of Beowulf (somewhere between 700 and 750 A.D.)

Approx. 700 - 750

The composition of Beowulf is estimated to have been sometime between 700-750 A.D.

Alcuin of York (c. 732-804 A.D.)

732 - 804

English scholar, ecclesiastic, and teacher of the Carolingian (Charlemagne's) court