History of Space Part 3

America

Titan ICBM: Air Force worried about Atlas balloon design, Glenn L. Martin contacted to develop Titan ICBM, low priority until Sputnik, AF chooses to deploy Atlas and Titans

1955

Project 7969: entitled the "Manned Ballistic Rocket Research System," was initiated by the Air Force with a stated task of recovering a manned capsule from orbital conditions

March 1, 1956

Vanguard: a 3.25 lb failure, 11 launched and 3 entered orbit

1957 - 1959

NASA: NACA becomes NASA

1958

Project Mercury: The first American Manned Space Program begins

1958

Explorer: Program began, 59 launched in total

1959

Titan ICBM: Capable of lofting a thermonuclear warhead 13,000 miles and taking a 7,500 lb capsule into orbit, still used today, the Atlas ICBM put the first American in orbit

1959

Project Horizon: study to determine feasibility of scientific/military moon base

1959

Redstone: Only vehicle capable of lofting Mercury capsule

1960

"Report for Man on the Moon": 5 years of research by U.S. Air Force concerning project 7969 and Task 27544

1961

Project Mercury: Launched 6 flights

1961 - 1963

Alan Shepard: First American in space (suborbital flight), Mercury Redstone carried Freedom 7 and Alan Shepard to 116 miles, total flight lasted 15 minutes and 28 seconds

May 5, 1961

John Glenn: First American to orbit Earth

February 20, 1962

Project Mercury: The program ended with Mercury Atlas as its last flight

1963

Gemini III: 1st manned capsule, Grissom/Young

March 1965

Gemini IV: 1st American EVA

June 1965

Ed White: First American to walk in space

June 3, 1965

USSR/Russia

Sputnik 1/2: Sputnik 1- 180 lbs, Sputnik 2- 1120 lbs

1957

Sputnik: 10 launches

1957 - 1961

Sputnik 5: 2920 lbs

1960

Yuri Gagarin: First man to orbit the earth, landed in Russia on land

April 12, 1961

Voskhod 1: Beats Gemini, seats 3 men

October 12, 1964

Voskhod 2: 2 men performed 1st EVA, suit problem, all but 2 Voskhod flights cancelled

March 1965