apes p1 Max Adler

Events

agricultural revolution

10000 bce - 5000 bce

industrial revolution

1737

john muir

1838

John Muir was a naturalist who advocated for the preservation of land like Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas.

walden by henry david thoreau

1854

Walden by Henry David Thoreau was a book that glamorized secluded living, it also was a social experiment to see if someone could live in isolation for 2 years.

homestead act

1862

The homestead act was a law that allowed 1.6 million homesteaders to get millions of acres of land for virtually free.

Yellowstone national park founded

1871

American forestry association founded

1875

Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded

1890

Sierra Club founded in 1892

1892

A conservation club started by John Muir in San Francisco and was the first big organizations to advicate politically to preserve the envorment

lacey act

1900

The Lacey act made it illegal to sell illegally hunted fish, wild life and other natural resources.

Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

1901 - 1909

first national wildlife refuge established

1903

The first national wildlife refuge established because of an executive order by President Theodore Roosevelt to protect migrating birds.

aldo leopold

1905

Aldo Leopold was author, ecologist, and conservationist. He also was a founder of the science of wildlife management.

audubon society founded

1905

Audubon society was an early conservation group who cataloged and watched birds.

gifford pinchot

1905

Gifford Pinchot was the first chef of the U.S. forest service, and was the father of modern conservationists.

u.s. forest service founded

1905

The u.s. forest service founded under the department of agriculture and was started under the idea of sustaining a healthy, diverse, productive forests and grasslands, and to preserve and protect our environment for future generations.

antiquities act

1906

the antiquities act was a law that allowed the president to sigh public land to use for national monuments and to preserve significant natural, cultural, or scientific features.

congress became upset because roosevelt was waving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals

1907

us national park service founded

1912

dust bowl

1930

soil conservation service founded

1933

The soil conservation service is a way for the gov. to help farmers get technical knowledge about farming and also provided advances in soil surveying, classification and water quality improvement.

civilian conservation corps founded

1933

The civilian conservation corps or ccc was a group that employed single men from ages 17-28 to help preserve natural resources, help young men get jobs during the Great Depression. Some of the projects they worked on were planting 3 billion trees to reforest America, build trails and lodges in national parks.

taylor grazing act

1934

the taylor grazing act was a law that made areas that were public and not in use into protected land that could only be built on with special permits and the things that were built were limited and could be revoked if there was a drought of natural disaster.

migratory bird hunting stamp act

1934

The migratory bird hunting stamp act was a law that made hunters over the age of 16 have a stamp or licence to hunt water fowl to regulate the amount of animals hunted.

fish plus wildlife service founded

1940

The fish plus wildlife service is a gov. agency that regulates the amount of wildlife cough in order to maintain a balance in the ecosystem.

silent spring published by rachel carson

1962

The silent spring was a book published by rachel carson about how chemical released by industry damage the environment especially in birds. The book was the inspiration for the environmental protection agency.

cayahoga river in Cleveland, ohio catches fire

1969

the cayahoga river was a common dumping area for chemicals from industry and it became so polluted it got fire and influenced the creation of the clean water act.

nepa (national environmental policy act)

1969

The national environmental policy act or nepa is an envormental bill that promoted the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality.

clean air act established

1970

The clean air act is a law that limited the amount of pollution from both cars and factorys.

first earth day

1970

epa established

1970

endangered species act passed

1973

The endangered species act is a law that made it illegal to kill endangered species of animals.

fifra federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide control act

1973

The federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide control act or fifra is a law that protects applicators, consumers, and the environment from damage from these poisons.

opec and oil embargo

1973

the OPEC and oil embargo is when the OPEC group of arab oil producing countrys chose to but an embargo on petroleum products to country s that supported Israel. The embargo caused a gas shortage in the U.S. and made people and car manufactures more aware of mpg and alternative fuels.

roland and molina UCI

1974

Roland and Molina made a theory that states that Chlorofluorocarbon or cfcs are putting holes in the ozone layer causing an increase in UV radiation getting through the atmosphere.

rcra (resource conservation and recovery act)

1976

The resource conservation and recovery act or rcra is a law that make it so hazardous wast is deposed of properly.

clean water act

1977

The clean water act is a law that prevents people from dumping wast into water and guaranteeing all drinking water is purified.

surface mining control and reclamation act

1977

The surface mining control and reclamation act is law that regulates active coal mines and reclaiming inactive mines.

love canal ,NY

1978

The love canal Superfund site was a site where a company dumped toxic chemicals in love canal and the chemicals leched into the ground water poising the town.

three mile island nuclear accident

1979

The three mile island nuclear accident was was a partial meltdown of one of the nuclear reactor at the three mile island power plant in New York. The meltdown made nuclear regulations tighter and the image of nuclear power was diminished.

alaska land act

1980

The Alaska land act is a law that preserved 43 million acres of land in Alaska for wildlife preserves.

bhopal, india (chemical toxic cloud)

1984

The Bhopal toxic gas cloud was a cloud over the city after a chemical manufacturing company accidentally released methyl isocyanate and injured 500000 people and killed 4000 people.

cercla comprehensive environmental response, and liability act

1986

The comprehensive environmental response, and liability act provides funds for clean ups of hazardous wast sites and other toxic clean up areas.

Chernobyl

1986

The Chernobyl nuclear disaster was when a nuclear reactor a the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union was was the worst nuclear disaster in the world with effects lasting for 20000 years.

montreal protocol

1987

The Montreal protocol is an international treaty to limit the amount of ozone lost.

exxon valdez

1989

The Exxon Valdez is a ship that spilled oil near the Alaskan coast spilling between 10,800,000 to 31,700,000 US gals and is the 54th largest oil spill.

energy policy act of 1992

1992

The energy policy act is a set goals, created mandates, and amended utility laws to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the United State.

desert protection act

1994

The desert protection act made Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve into national parks.

kyoto protocol

1997 - 2005

The kyoto protocol is a u.n. treaty that acknowledges global warming and pledges to cut down on greenhouse gasses.

world population hits 6 billion

1999

ipcc report on climate change

2007 - 2008

the ipcc 2007 climate change report said, "warming of the climate system is unequivocal".

gulf oil spill

2009

The 2009 the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded and released 210 million gallons of oil into the Golf of Mexico and is the largest oil spill in history.

nuclear disaster in japan

2010

world population hits 7 billion

2012