apes p1 Max Adler


agricultural revolution

10000 bce - 5000 bce

industrial revolution


john muir


John Muir was a naturalist who advocated for the preservation of land like Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas.

walden by henry david thoreau


Walden by Henry David Thoreau was a book that glamorized secluded living, it also was a social experiment to see if someone could live in isolation for 2 years.

homestead act


The homestead act was a law that allowed 1.6 million homesteaders to get millions of acres of land for virtually free.

Yellowstone national park founded


American forestry association founded


Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded


Sierra Club founded in 1892


A conservation club started by John Muir in San Francisco and was the first big organizations to advicate politically to preserve the envorment

lacey act


The Lacey act made it illegal to sell illegally hunted fish, wild life and other natural resources.

Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

1901 - 1909

first national wildlife refuge established


The first national wildlife refuge established because of an executive order by President Theodore Roosevelt to protect migrating birds.

aldo leopold


Aldo Leopold was author, ecologist, and conservationist. He also was a founder of the science of wildlife management.

audubon society founded


Audubon society was an early conservation group who cataloged and watched birds.

gifford pinchot


Gifford Pinchot was the first chef of the U.S. forest service, and was the father of modern conservationists.

u.s. forest service founded


The u.s. forest service founded under the department of agriculture and was started under the idea of sustaining a healthy, diverse, productive forests and grasslands, and to preserve and protect our environment for future generations.

antiquities act


the antiquities act was a law that allowed the president to sigh public land to use for national monuments and to preserve significant natural, cultural, or scientific features.

congress became upset because roosevelt was waving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals


us national park service founded


dust bowl


soil conservation service founded


The soil conservation service is a way for the gov. to help farmers get technical knowledge about farming and also provided advances in soil surveying, classification and water quality improvement.

civilian conservation corps founded


The civilian conservation corps or ccc was a group that employed single men from ages 17-28 to help preserve natural resources, help young men get jobs during the Great Depression. Some of the projects they worked on were planting 3 billion trees to reforest America, build trails and lodges in national parks.

taylor grazing act


the taylor grazing act was a law that made areas that were public and not in use into protected land that could only be built on with special permits and the things that were built were limited and could be revoked if there was a drought of natural disaster.

migratory bird hunting stamp act


The migratory bird hunting stamp act was a law that made hunters over the age of 16 have a stamp or licence to hunt water fowl to regulate the amount of animals hunted.

fish plus wildlife service founded


The fish plus wildlife service is a gov. agency that regulates the amount of wildlife cough in order to maintain a balance in the ecosystem.

silent spring published by rachel carson


The silent spring was a book published by rachel carson about how chemical released by industry damage the environment especially in birds. The book was the inspiration for the environmental protection agency.

cayahoga river in Cleveland, ohio catches fire


the cayahoga river was a common dumping area for chemicals from industry and it became so polluted it got fire and influenced the creation of the clean water act.

nepa (national environmental policy act)


The national environmental policy act or nepa is an envormental bill that promoted the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality.

clean air act established


The clean air act is a law that limited the amount of pollution from both cars and factorys.

first earth day


epa established


endangered species act passed


The endangered species act is a law that made it illegal to kill endangered species of animals.

fifra federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide control act


The federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide control act or fifra is a law that protects applicators, consumers, and the environment from damage from these poisons.

opec and oil embargo


the OPEC and oil embargo is when the OPEC group of arab oil producing countrys chose to but an embargo on petroleum products to country s that supported Israel. The embargo caused a gas shortage in the U.S. and made people and car manufactures more aware of mpg and alternative fuels.

roland and molina UCI


Roland and Molina made a theory that states that Chlorofluorocarbon or cfcs are putting holes in the ozone layer causing an increase in UV radiation getting through the atmosphere.

rcra (resource conservation and recovery act)


The resource conservation and recovery act or rcra is a law that make it so hazardous wast is deposed of properly.

clean water act


The clean water act is a law that prevents people from dumping wast into water and guaranteeing all drinking water is purified.

surface mining control and reclamation act


The surface mining control and reclamation act is law that regulates active coal mines and reclaiming inactive mines.

love canal ,NY


The love canal Superfund site was a site where a company dumped toxic chemicals in love canal and the chemicals leched into the ground water poising the town.

three mile island nuclear accident


The three mile island nuclear accident was was a partial meltdown of one of the nuclear reactor at the three mile island power plant in New York. The meltdown made nuclear regulations tighter and the image of nuclear power was diminished.

alaska land act


The Alaska land act is a law that preserved 43 million acres of land in Alaska for wildlife preserves.

bhopal, india (chemical toxic cloud)


The Bhopal toxic gas cloud was a cloud over the city after a chemical manufacturing company accidentally released methyl isocyanate and injured 500000 people and killed 4000 people.

cercla comprehensive environmental response, and liability act


The comprehensive environmental response, and liability act provides funds for clean ups of hazardous wast sites and other toxic clean up areas.



The Chernobyl nuclear disaster was when a nuclear reactor a the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union was was the worst nuclear disaster in the world with effects lasting for 20000 years.

montreal protocol


The Montreal protocol is an international treaty to limit the amount of ozone lost.

exxon valdez


The Exxon Valdez is a ship that spilled oil near the Alaskan coast spilling between 10,800,000 to 31,700,000 US gals and is the 54th largest oil spill.

energy policy act of 1992


The energy policy act is a set goals, created mandates, and amended utility laws to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the United State.

desert protection act


The desert protection act made Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve into national parks.

kyoto protocol

1997 - 2005

The kyoto protocol is a u.n. treaty that acknowledges global warming and pledges to cut down on greenhouse gasses.

world population hits 6 billion


ipcc report on climate change

2007 - 2008

the ipcc 2007 climate change report said, "warming of the climate system is unequivocal".

gulf oil spill


The 2009 the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded and released 210 million gallons of oil into the Golf of Mexico and is the largest oil spill in history.

nuclear disaster in japan


world population hits 7 billion