ANDREW DUONG , JACK DORFMAN APES TIMELINE PROJECT

period 1 mr. sakaguchi ap enviro

Events

Industrial Revolution

1740

Agricultural Revolution

1740

8,000 BCE but I needed to make it fit on the timeline

John Muir (April 21)

1838

John Muir was important because he founded the Sierra Club and helped found national parks like Sequoia, Yosemite and the Grand Canyon.

Walden by Henry David Thoreau

1854

The essay "Walden" by Thoreau was a narrative written about the author's stay through the winter and into spring in a hut on Walden Pond. The book describes the importance of self-reflection in the wilderness and the importance of nature in countering man's civilized life.

Homestead Act

1862

The Lincoln Administration passed the Homestead Act to get people to settle the Western part of the country for future use. Settlers were given hundreds of acres of land to use for agriculture and for homesteads.

Yellowstone National Park founded

1872

American Forestry Association Founded

1875

Yosemite plus Sequoia Park founded

1890

Sierra Club founded

1892

The Sierra Club protects the wilderness of the United States, advocating for the government to pass Acts to slow down the degradation of the planet.

Lacey Act

1900

The Lacey Act banned the trafficking, illegal buying and selling, of plants and animals.

Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

1901 - 1909

First national wildlife refuge established

1903

President Roosevelt established the park, Pelican Island, for migrating and breeding birds.

Aldo Leopold

1905


Leopold influenced the development of environmental ethics and the conservation movement.

Gifford Pinchot

1905

Pinchot earned a degree for Forestry out of the United States because Yale did not offer one in 1905. He was a conservationist and forester who ran and expanded the U.S. Forest Service.

Audubon Society Founded

1905


An organization that is mainly for conservation of mostly birds.

U.S. Forest Service founded

1905

The U.S. or National Forest Service protects American protected wildlife against invasive species that could harm the ecosystems.

Antiquities Act

1906

It is a law, dictating that archeological sites on public lands are public resources.

Congress became upset because Roosevelt was waiving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals

1907

U.S. National Park Service founded

1912

Dust Bowl

Approx. 1930 - Approx. 1939

Civilian Conservation Corps founded

1933


President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal allowed unexperienced workers to have jobs relating to conserving natural resources

Soil Conservation Service founded

1933

It is a agency that provides help to farmers and private landowners.

Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act

1934

Required a hunter of 16 or older to have hunting stamp.

Taylor Grazing Act

1934

!The Taylor Grazing Act is a federal law for regulation of land grazing to improve rangelands conditions and regulate use

Fish plus Wildlife Service founded

1940

Service made for the protection of fish and their habitats

Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson

1962

A book about the negative effects on the environment with the use of pesticides, an example is the effect on birds.

Wilderness Act

1963


It defines wilderness as an area of undeveloped federal land retaining itself

Wild and Scenic Rivers Act .

1968

This Act is to preserve certain rivers for present and future generations.

NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act)

1969

is a law that promotes the growth of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality.

Cuyahoga RIver in Cleveland, Ohio caught fire

1969

The river was so polluted that the river caught on fire, causing future environmental movements.

Environmental Protection Agency established

1970

Clean Air Act established .

1970

A law established to protect human health from air pollution in the United States, setting the tone for future environmental changes.

First Earth Day

1970

Endangered Species Act

1973

An act passed to protect endangered animals and species.

FIFRA-Federal, insecticide, fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act

1973

An act passed to regulate pesticides sale and use.

OPEC and Oil Embargo

1973

Arabian oil companies embargoed that limited the shipments of oil to the United States.

Roland and Molina (UCI) - CFC's and ozone announcement

1974

They warned CFS can deplete the ozone layer, leading to the ban of CFS in aerosols.

RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)

1976

Law regulating disposal of hazardous waste, because of the issue of the amount of waste in the country.

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

1977

Controls environmental effects of coal mining, which was created by the office of surface mining.

Clean Water Act

1977

Sets regulations for clean water and to eliminate pollution in water.

Love Canal, NY (toxic waste leaks into residential houses)

1978

Chemical waste underground seeped through and got people in the area sick.

Three Mile Island nuclear accident

1979

In Pennsylvania, there was the worst nuclear meltdown in history, where radioactive chemicals were released in the air.

Alaskan Lands Act

1980

The act allowed for 157,000,000 acres of land to be protected like national parks

Bhopal, India (chemical toxic cloud)

1984

A gas leak happened in a pesticide factory where 500,000 people were exposed to the chemicals.

Chernobyl

1986

There was a terrible nuclear accident in Ukraine, releasing large amounts of radiation killing 31 people and leaving others with related diseases.

CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act) {Superfund}

1986

Responds to releases of hazardous materials that may cause harm to the public or the environment near it.

Montreal Protocol

1987

This is to protect ozone layer, the treaty bans the use of things that deplete the ozone layer.

Exxon Valdez

1989

A huge oil tanker struck a reef leaking crude oil and causing 2.1 billion dollars in cleanup.

Energy Policy Act of 1992

1992

the act proposed ways to fight energy problems by offering things for using different types of energy.

Desert Protection Act

1994

It created the Death Valley and Joshua Tree national parks, and protecting many other areas.

Kyoto Protocol

1997 - 2005

The Kyoto Protocol is a treaty to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, because global warming exists by human mad CO2 emissions

World population hits 6 billion

1999

IPCC Report on climate change

2007 - 2008

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assess the science related to climate change.

Gulf Oil Spill

2009

A oil rig exploded, then there was a oil spill for 87 days until it was capped in July 15, 2010.

Nuclear Disaster in Japan

2010

World Population hits 7 billion

2012