South Carolina leaves the union
Fort Sumter is held by Unionist Soldiers by the Confederate forces, in Charleston, South Carolina
"All men are created equal"
Attempts by the North to rebuild the Southern economy and to make read the 14th and 15th amendments.
All citizens of the United States can vote
Political power returns to white people
Mississippi institutes the first jim Crow law, forcing schools to segregate students
Congress passed an Ordinance that kept slavery out of the North West Territory
Nine thousand bales of cotton being produced annually
A cotton ‘gin’ separated the seed from the cotton fibres and increased the production and efficiency of cotton
Slavery itself was not banned, simply the act of bringing more slaves to Africa
Three slaves are sold for $7500 USD
In today's money that is $192,000 USD
One in three white Southern families owned slaves
Dred Scott sues for his freedom after his owner dies, as his owner took him to free states. The Supreme Court rules that slaves are not citizens of the U.S.A and therefore Dred Scott is not free. He is eventually freed by the sons of his owner
Homer Plessy challenges the Jim Crow laws as a man that appeared white but had black ancestry, by sitting in the white section of the bus
'Separate but equal'
Rejects the ‘Separate but equal.’ Segregation in schools is 'unconstitutional'
Just as the first Jim Crow law was about the segregation of schools, the first move forward in the fight was a Supreme Court ruling of segregation in schools
Beginning of the use of lynchings as a way of prevents Afro-Americans from asserting their rights
By the end of 1968, the KKK had lynched 3,446 Negroes (on record). There were many more that were not recorded.
The National Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP) is formed
9 Black Students are enrolled at Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas
Outlawed Discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin
A birther is anyone denying that Barack Obama is eligible by birth to be the President of the United States because he was not born in the United States. They accuse him of being unconstitutional and not having citizenship of America.
Mass shooting that took place at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, United States, on the evening of June 17, 2015. "I want to kill black people" He is quoted to have said, as well as, "I want to ignite another civil war"
Campaign began after several unarmed black teenagers were shot in the U.S.A, and has resulted in riots and unrest, especially in the South.