American Civil War

Big Events

South Carolina Seceds

December 20, 1860

South Carolina leaves the union

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865

The Shelling of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

Fort Sumter is held by Unionist Soldiers by the Confederate forces, in Charleston, South Carolina

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

"All men are created equal"

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

Attempts by the North to rebuild the Southern economy and to make read the 14th and 15th amendments.

13th Amendment

December 6, 1865

Abolished Slavery

14th Amendment

July 9, 1868

Citizenship rights

15th Amendment

February 3, 1870

All citizens of the United States can vote

White Power in the South

1877

Political power returns to white people

1st 'Jim Crow' Law pased

1877

Mississippi institutes the first jim Crow law, forcing schools to segregate students

Slavery

Slavery exists in all 13 colonies

1776

Congressional Ordinance

1787

Congress passed an Ordinance that kept slavery out of the North West Territory

Cotton Is King

1790

Nine thousand bales of cotton being produced annually

Cotton Gin Created

1793

A cotton ‘gin’ separated the seed from the cotton fibres and increased the production and efficiency of cotton

US bans Slave Trade from Africa

1808

Slavery itself was not banned, simply the act of bringing more slaves to Africa

Slave Prices

1844

Three slaves are sold for $7500 USD
In today's money that is $192,000 USD

White Families

1850

One in three white Southern families owned slaves

Supreme Court Decisions

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Dred Scott sues for his freedom after his owner dies, as his owner took him to free states. The Supreme Court rules that slaves are not citizens of the U.S.A and therefore Dred Scott is not free. He is eventually freed by the sons of his owner

Homer Plessy

1890

Homer Plessy challenges the Jim Crow laws as a man that appeared white but had black ancestry, by sitting in the white section of the bus

Plessy vs Ferguson

1896

'Separate but equal'

Brown vs Kansas Board of Education

1954

Rejects the ‘Separate but equal.’ Segregation in schools is 'unconstitutional'

Just as the first Jim Crow law was about the segregation of schools, the first move forward in the fight was a Supreme Court ruling of segregation in schools

KKK

KKK begins

August, 1866

Beginning of lynchings

September, 1866

Beginning of the use of lynchings as a way of prevents Afro-Americans from asserting their rights

KKK Lynching

1968

By the end of 1968, the KKK had lynched 3,446 Negroes (on record). There were many more that were not recorded.

Civil Rights Movement

Formation of the NAACP

1909

The National Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP) is formed

Little Rock 9

1957

9 Black Students are enrolled at Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

Outlawed Discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin

Birther Debate

2008

A birther is anyone denying that Barack Obama is eligible by birth to be the President of the United States because he was not born in the United States. They accuse him of being unconstitutional and not having citizenship of America.

Charleston Shooting

June 17, 2015

Mass shooting that took place at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, United States, on the evening of June 17, 2015. "I want to kill black people" He is quoted to have said, as well as, "I want to ignite another civil war"

Black Lives Matter Campaign

2016

Campaign began after several unarmed black teenagers were shot in the U.S.A, and has resulted in riots and unrest, especially in the South.