Postclassical Era Timeline

Byzantine Empire

Reign of Constantine (313-337 CE)

313 - 337

Byzantine Empire (330-1453 CE)

330 - 1453

Constantinople is made the Roman capital (330 CE)

330

Fall of the Roman empire

401

Reign of Justinian (562-565 CE)

527 - 565

Under orders from Justinian, Belisarius begins to reconquer western Roman lands (533 CE)

533

Byzantine craftsmen begin to make silk

575

Islamic Arabs begin to conquer the Sasanids and parts of the Byzatine empire

600 - 718

Beginning of theme system implementation

650

Fall of Sasanid Empire (651 CE)

651

Charlemagne receives imperial crown from Roman pope

800

Expansion of Byzantine influence (shore up Anatolian defenses, reconquer Syria)

875 - 1075

Otto of Saxony proclaims self emperor of west Roman lands and attacks Byzantine southern Italy

962

Peasants become dependent, free peasantry declines

1001

Byzantine is no longer the major power of the eastern Mediterranean

1201

Constantinolple falls to Ottoman Turks, Byzantine Empire falls (1453 CE)

1453

Western Europe (Early Middle Ages)

Early Middle Ages

300 AD - 1000 AD

Ostrogoths dominate Italy until Justinian

400 - 530

Gaul under Germanic control

450

Visigoth kingdom in Spain

470 - 815

Odoacer deposes last Roman emperor (476)

476

Clovis wipes out last of Roman authority in Gaul (486)

486

St. Benedict makes Benedict's rules for monasteries (529)

529

Lombards dominate Italy after Justinian

550 - 750

Pope Gregory

590 - 604

Charles Martel stops Muslim expansion into Europe at Battle of Tours (732)

732

Charlamagne's military campaign to convert Saxons (772-804)

772 - 804

Pope Leo III proclaim Charlemagne emperor

800

Norse expansion & ship and sea skills

800

Local lords give grants to people for loyalty

800 - 900

Louis the Pious's sons divide empire into three (843)

843

Pope proclaims Otto of Saxony I emperor (962)

962

European population reached 36 million again (1000)

1000

Western Europe (High Middle Ages)

German prince for Holy Roman Empire

962

Pope John proclaims Otto of Saxony emperor, begins Holy Roman Empire (962)

962

Lords end invasions, serfs & peasants clear land for agr.

975

High Middle Ages (1000-1300)

1000 - 1300

Amalfi and Venice serve as ports merchants trading with Byzantines and Muslims

1050

Duke William of Normandy invades Angle/Saxon England

1066

Investiture Contest

1078 - 1122

Normans invaded some Byzantine and Muslim territory

1100

Venetians and Geonese have communities in Byzantine and Muslim port cities

1200

European population at 79 million

1300

Capetian kings control France

1325