Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Events

Menes

3100 bce

United Upper and Lower Egypt.

First Dynasty

Approx. 3100 bce - Approx. 2900 bce

Djer

Approx. 3050 bce - Approx. 3000 bce

Sneferka

Approx. 2900 bce

One of the last rulers in this dynasty

Second Dynasty

Approx. 2890 bce - Approx. 2686 bce

Hotepsekhemwy

Approx. 2889 bce - Approx. 2875 bce

Nynetjer

Approx. 2860 bce - Approx. 2818 bce

Possibly split Egypt among his successors

Khasekhem

Approx. 2690 bce - Approx. 2671 bce

After a series of unsuccessful pharaohs, reunited Egypt.

Ptolemy I Soter

305 bce - 285 bce

Renounced the throne two years before he died.

Ptolemy II Philadelphos

288 bce - 246 bce

Son of Ptolemy I

Arsinoe I and Arsinoe II

281 bce - 270 bce

Wives of Ptolemy II.
Arsinoe I was his distant cousin and Arsinoe II was his sister.

Ptolemy III Euergetes I

246 bce - 222 bce

Cleopatra VII

51 bce - 30 bce

Co-ruled with her son once he was born

Ptolemy XV

44 bce - 30 bce

Last known ruler of Egypt.