Exploration

Events

Prince Henry the Navigator Begins Exploring

1415

Portugal captures 10 Africans -- slavery begins

1442

1487 Portugal rounds Cape of Good Hope

1487

1492 Columbus lands in Caribbean

1492

1493 Line of Demarcation (Treaty of Tordesillas) divides world between Spain & Portugal

1493

1494 Portugal claims Brazil

1494

1497John Cabot lands in North America

1497

1498 DeGama reaches India (via Africa)

1498

1501 Amerigo Vespucci discovers South America and confirms it is NOT Asia

1501

1507 German Mapmaker names New World "America"

1507

1511 Portugal's Foothold in Trade Ports with Asia Strengthens

1511

1513 Ponce de Leon discovers "La Florida" for Spain

1513

1519 Conquistador Cortes takes Mexico & Aztec Empire

1519

1522 Magellan's crew circumnavigates the globe

1522

1533 Pizarro crushes Inca Empire & Spain dominates South America

1533

1541 First French colony in Canada ("New France")

1541

1564 First French Colony--near Florida/Georgia ("Fort Caroline")

1564

1565 First Spanish colony in America, St. Augustine, Founded for Spain

1565

1585 First English colony in America--Roanoke

1585

1588 Spanish Armada Defeated

1588

1607 Jamestown Founded

1607

1609 Henry Hudson (Dutch) discovers American mainland (Hudson River in NY)

1609

1620 Plymouth Colony Founded (Pilgrims)

1620