History

Events

776 BCE First athletic games

Approx. 776 bce

First athletic games in honour of Zeus are held at Olympia with one event, the stadion foot race.

According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to 776 BC. They were dedicated to the Olympian gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. They continued for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 A.D. that all such "pagan cults" be banned.

Olympia

Olympia, the site of the ancient Olympic Games, is in the western part of the Peloponnese which, according to Greek mythology, is the island of "Pelops", the founder of the Olympic Games. Imposing temples, votive buildings, elaborate shrines and ancient sporting facilities were combined in a site of unique natural and mystical beauty. Olympia functioned as a meeting place for worship and other religious and political practices as early as the 10th century B.C. The central part of Olympia was dominated by the majestic temple of Zeus, with the temple of Hera parallel to it.

The Games and religion

The Olympic Games were closely linked to the religious festivals of the cult of Zeus, but were not an integral part of a rite. Indeed, they had a secular character and aimed to show the physical qualities and evolution of the performances acco
https://www.olympic.org/ancient-olympic-games/history

The Olympic Games, which originated in ancient Greece as many as 3,000 years ago, were revived in the late 19th century and have become the world’s preeminent sporting competition. From the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D., the Games were held every four years in Olympia, located in the western Peloponnese peninsula, in honor of the god Zeus. The first modern Olympics took place in 1896 in Athens, and featured 280 participants from 13 nations, competing in 43 events. Since 1994, the Summer and Winter Olympic Games have been held separately and have alternated every two years.
http://www.history.com/topics/olympic-games

720 BCE first athlete to discard his loincloth

Approx. 720 BCE

Orsippos is the first athlete to discard his loincloth at the Olympic Games, establishing the convention for athletes to compete naked.

680 BCE Olympic Games are extended to two days for the first time

Approx. 680 BCE

Chariot races are added to the schedule of the Olympic Games which are extended to two days for the first time.

632 BCE Olympic Games are extended to three days for the first time

Approx. 632 BCE

Events for boys are added to the schedule of the Olympic Games which are extended to three days for the first time.

392 BCE Kyniska becomes the first woman to win a victor's crown

392 BCE

The horse owner Kyniska becomes the first woman to win a victor's crown at the Olympic Games.

80 BCE Sulla moves the Olympic Games to Rome for a single Olympiad.

80 BCE

Sulla moves the Olympic Games to Rome for a single Olympiad.

393 CE Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.

393 CE

Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.

1896 The first modern Olympics

Approx. 1896

The first modern Olympics took place in 1896 in Athens, and featured 280 participants from 13 nations, competing in 43 events