The AMSA was led by Canada, Finland the the U.S., and included Permanent Participants (indigenous organizations) of the Arctic Council, among other members of the global maritime community. The report is considered to be an authoritative source recognizing the critical importance of the marine environment and resources to indigenous communities in the Arctic.
Among other recommendations, this report suggested:
• Mandatory measures that are developed in accordance with the provisions of customary international law would be an effective way to provide guidelines for polar marine safety and environmental protection
• with increased navigation, the threat of alien species and pathogens from ballast water discharges and hull fouling present a serious threat to the Arctic marine environment
With regards to protecting Arctic indigenous peoples & the environment, recommendations for Arctic states included:
• Undertaking a Survey of Arctic Indigenous Marine Use to identify gaps and collect information for establishing current baseline data to ensure impacts of shipping activities can be identified
• Developing ways for regular engagement with Arctic communities and the shipping industry in order to engage and coordinate ways to increase benefits to communities and reduce negative impacts from shipping
• Identify areas of heightened ecological and cultural significance in light of climate change and increasing maritime traffic
• Explore the need for internationally designated areas for the purpose of environmental protection in regions of the Arctic Ocean using IMO tools like Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSA)
• Ratify the IMO International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments as soon as practical and assess the risk of introducing invasive species through ballast waters et al in waters under their jurisdiction [Canada is a signatory but the Convention is not yet in force due to need for 35 signatories, after which the Convention will come into force a year later]
• Investigate ways to improve oil spill prevention and to prevent release of oil into Arctic waters, by increasing cooperation with industry and supporting research and technology transfer
• Engage with relevant international organizations to increase assessment of effects on marine mammals due to ship noise, disturbance and strikes in Arctic waters and work with the IMO to develop and implement mitigation strategies
• Support development of improved practices and technological innovation to reduce current and future GHG, NOx, SOx, and PM emissions for ships in port and at sea.