Art movements

Events

Art

High Rennaissance

1400 - 1550

Humanism, less focus on the church, glorification of human body, non-religious scenes, chiaroscuro, Michelangelo, Raphael, Leonardo Da Vinci, sculpture, three - point perspective, attempt to make things more realistic.

Affected by: humanism, protestant reformation, Church is failing in power

Northern Renaissance

1430 - 1550

Less religious scenes, focusing on every day life, Jan Van Eyck, Council of Trent, scientific revolution

Mannerism

1527 - 1580

Distorted, unnatural shapes, eerie, reaction to the renaissance ideals of balance, color, simplicity, symmetry.

Baroque

1570 - 1700

Splendor and flourish for god, Emotions, light and dark shadow, movement, dynamic effect. Catholic Reformation. Bernini, Colonnade, ecstasy of st. teresa, David, Caravaggio. Dramatic scenes

Rococo

1720 - 1760

During Frances Louis XIV, overspending of upper class, lightness and lack of care or thought given about the world outside. Sun King. Depicted beautiful rich people

Romanticism

1750 - 1850

Response to enlightenment and Scientific revolution ideals of rationalism. Draw ideas from emotions and subconciousness, William Wordsworth, Rousseau, imagination and individuality. Celebrates nature, antithesis of neoclassicism.

Neoclassicism

1750 - 1800

Going back to the roman-greco century, exactness, paintings of old buildings, during enlightenment and industrial revolution. Oath of Horatii (David) allegiance to state, loyalty, art became a political tool, french revolution

Realism

1848 - 1900

Showed real life, first time peasants and working class were the focus of something, enclosure movement, hard life for rural farmers, Millet, Daumier

Impressionism

1865 - 1885

Monet, Manet, Renoir, Degas. Capturing movement and light. First time they really painted outside. fast brush strokes, quick gobs of paint, rebellion, painted naked women in everyday scenes, regular scenes of people, very wide term, competing with photography. overturned conventional standard of beauty

Post-impressionism

1885 - 1910

Range of types of art, Suerat, Van Gogh, Cezanne. Common theme was art became a window to the soul. Also, artists survived just selling their work these days.

Expressionism

1900 - 1935

Discordant feelings with world, spirituality, yearning of the artist, emotion and feeling. Van Gogh, Munch, use of color and distortion of form. During WWI, and interwar period

Cubism

1905 - 1920

Picasso, collage and looking at an object from many perspectives. Layering things, single colors, conflict in international world

Futurism

1910 - 1930

Technology during WWI and WWII, obsession with future and cars and machinery, embracing popular media, trying to convey many senses to you

Dadaism

1917 - 1950

Ridiculous art, everything is for naught, art in a different way, challenged method of artists, attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior, ex mona lisa with a moustache

Surrealism

1917 - 1950

Uncap unconscious mind, instinct, emotion, primitivism, meaning found in everyday life, Sigmund Frued, Salvador Dali. Whats in your dreams? After WWI, not as out of the norm as Dadaism, nonconformity, Max Ernst

Pop Art

1954 - 1970