European History (Copy)

Events

Development of Humanism

1350

THE RENAISSANCE CHAPTER 12

1350 - 1550

A period in history that marks the bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history.

The Medici Family in Power in Florence

1434 - 1737

Invention of the Printing Press

1440

Portuguese establish first African trading post

1443

EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST CHAPTER 14

1450 - 1650

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

The taking of Constantinople by the Turks

1453

War of the Roses

1455 - 1471

Marriage of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon

1469

The Establishment of the Inquisition

1478

Christopher Columbus sails west

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Americo Vespucci maps South America coast

1499

REFORMATIONS AND RELIGIOUS WARS CHAPTER 13

1500 - 1600

Consolidation of serfdom in eastern Europe

1500 - 1650

Montezuma II rules the Mexican Empire

1502 - 1520

Michelangelo paints the Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Machiavelli writes The Prince

1513

Andreas Vesalius

1516 - 1564

200 precise drawings of the human body--with the help of dissecting human bodies (often executed criminals)

Martin Luther writes Ninety Five Theses

1517

Transatlantic Slave Trade began

1518

Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico

1519

Habsburg-Valois Wars

1521 - 1559

Diet of Worms

1521

German Peasants War

1524 - 1525

Henry VIII ends authority of the pope in England

1530

Reign of Ivan the Terrible in Russia

1533 - 1584

John Calvin publishes The Institutes of the Christian Religion

1536

Scientific Revolution

1540 - 1700

TOWARD A NEW WORLD VIEW CHAPTER 16

1540 - 1789

Copernicus: On the Rev. of Heavenly Spheres

1543

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Reign of Elizabeth in England (Debate about women)

1558 - 1603

Height of the European Witch-Hunt

1560 - 1660

William Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

William Shakespeare's work reflects the impact of contacts and conquest.

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

experimental method, law of inertia

Civil War in the Netherlands

1568 - 1578

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

ABSOLUTISM AND CONSTITUTIONALISM CHAPTER 15

1580 - 1725

First English colony founded at Roanoke

1585

Reign of Henry IV in France

1589 - 1610

Descartes

1596 - 1650

Cartesian dualism

Edict of Nantes

1598

Growth in Agriculture pioneered by the Dutch

1600 - 1850

Growth of absolutism in Prussia and Austria

1620 - 1740

Founding of the Dutch West India Company

1621

Sir Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

law of universal gravitation

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

This event ends with the execution of Charles I

Reign of Louis XIV of France

1643 - 1715

LIFE IN THE ERA OF EXPANSION CHAPTER 18

1650 - 1800

THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE (Ch. 17)

1650 - 1800

British Navigation Acts

1651 - 1663

Jansenism

1653

Military Rule of England under Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

This rule ended in the reestablishment of the monarchy with Charles II

Charity schools for poor children in France

1660

Cossack Revolt

1670 - 1671

Louis XIV moves court to Versailles

1682

Reign of Peter the Great in Russia

1682 - 1725

Enlightenment

1690 - 1789

Growth of book publishing

1700 - 1800

British French mercantilist wars

1701 - 1763

John Wesley (Founder of Methodism)

1703 - 1791

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

philosopher committed to individual freedom

Elementary school in Prussia mandatory

1717

Last appearance of the bubonic plaque in Europe

1720

Growth of European Population

1720 - 1789

baron de Montesquieu's satire The Persian Letters published

1721

influential social satire considered first major works of the Enlightenment

Immanuel Kant

1724 - 1804

Wrote: On the Different Races of Man

Illigitimacy explosion

1750 - 1850

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

Height of parliamentary enclosure in England

1760 - 1815

enclosure: fencing around fields--as opposed to previously used Open Field system

Madame du Coudray publishes Manual on the Act of Childbirth

1762

Louis XV orders Jesuits out of France

1763

Treaty of Paris

1763

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny invented

1764

Watt patents the steam engine

1769

Elementary school mandatory in Austria

1774

Revolutions and Politics (ch. 19)

1775 - 1815

American Revolution

1775 - 1781

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

critique of government regulation of trade and industry

Industrial Revolution

1780 - 1850

THE REVOLUTION IN ENERGY AND INDUSTRY Chapter 20

1780 - 1850

Height of the French monarchy's financial crisis

1786 - 1789

Storming the Bastille

1789

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Slave Insurrection in Saint Dominique

1791

Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

Thermidorian Reaction

1794 - 1795

Edward Jenner performs first smallpox vaccination

1796

Napoleonic Era

1799 - 1815

Series of Factory Acts

1802 - 1833

British acts passed to limit the workday of child laborers

British take over of India complete

1805

Muhammad Ali modernizes Egypt

1805 - 1848

Strike of Manchester cotton spinners

1810

Napoleon invades Russia

1812

Napoleon defeated and exiled

1814 - 1815

IDEOLOGIES AND UPHEAVALS CHAPTER 21

1815 - 1850

THE WEST AND THE WORLD CHAPER 24

1815 - 1914

Holy Alliance Formed

1815

Karlsbad Decrees

1819

Austria crushes liberal revolution in Naples and restores the Sicilian autocracy

1821

French armies restore the Spanish regime

1823

Combination Act Repealed

1824

Stephenson Completed his "Rocket"

1829

Greece wins independence from Ottomans

1830

Louis Phillippe succeeds to the throne

1830

Charles X repudiates the Constitutional Charter

1830

Insurrection and collapse of the government follow

Reform Bill of 1832 (Britain)

1832

Zollverein formed

1834

First Opium War

1839 - 1842

Western-style Tanzimat reforms in Ottoman

1839 - 1876

Realism dominant in Western literature

1840 - 1890

LIFE IN THE EMERGING URBAN SOCIETY

1840 - 1914

Mines Act of 1842 Britain

1842

Engels publishes The Conditions of the Working Class

1844

Great Famine Ireland

1845 - 1851

Ten Hours Act (Britain)

1847

First public health law in Britain

1848

Revolutions in France, Austria and Prussia

1848

Modernization of Paris

1850 - 1870

AGE OF NATIONALISM CHAPTER 23

1850 - 1914

Japan begins to adopt Western technologies

1850

Reign of Napoleon III in France

1852 - 1870

Perry opens Japan for trade

1853

Louis Pasteur develops germ theory

1854

Second Opium War

1856 - 1860

Great Rebellion in India

1857 - 1858

Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by the Means of Natural Selection

1859

Germany and the U.S. begin to rapidly industrialize

1860

Zionism

1860 - 1890

Freeing of Russian Serfs

1861

U.S. Civil War

1861 - 1865

Homestead Act

1862

Joseph Lister discovers connection between aerial bacteria and wound infection

1865

Austro- Prussian War

1866 - 1867

Meiji Restoration

1868 - 1912

Suez Canal

1869

Mendeleev creates the periodic table

1869

Kulturkampf

1870 - 1878

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Impressionist Movement

1870

Birthrate Declines (Europe)

1880 - 1913

Widespread return of protectionism among European states

1880 - 1890

THE AGE OF ANXIETY CHAPTER 26

1880 - 1940

Second Industrial Revolution

1880 - 1913

Most of Africa under European Control

1880 - 1900

Educational reforms in France create a secular public school system

1880

Triple Alliance

1882 - 1914

Austria, Germany and Italy

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

Electric streetcars indroduced in Europe

1890

Kipling writes "White Man's Burden"

1899

South African War

1899 - 1902

Global mass migration

1900

Schlieffen Plan

1905

Triple Entente

1905

An alliance between Russia, Britain and France

Social reform in Britain

1906 - 1914

China's Qing Dynasty

1912

WAR AND THE REVOLUTION CHAPTER 25

1914 - 1919

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

1914

trench warfare begins

1914 - 1918

Panama Canal opens

1914

Battle of Marne

1914

World War I

1914 - 1918

Bolshevik Revolution

1917

United States enters World War I

1917

Russian Revolution

March 1917 - November 1917

Treaty of Versailles

1919

DICTATORSHIP AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR

1919 - 1945

Freudian psychology gains popularity

1919

Radio becomes mass medium

1920

Existentialisam, Dadaism, and Surrealism gain prominence

1920

New Economic Policy (U.S.S.R.)

1921

James Joyce publishes Ulysses

1922

Mussolini gains power

1922

French Occupation of the Ruhr

1923 - 1925

Build up of the Nazi Party

1924 - 1929

Dawes Plan

1924

Berg's opera Wozzeck

1925

Germany joins League of Nations

1926

Stalin comes to power

1927

Kellogg Briand Pact

1928

Stalin orders the collectivization of agriculture

1929

The Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Lateran Agreement

1929

National Socialist Party takes power in Germany

1933

Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany

1933

The Great Purges (Stalin)

1936 - 1938

Japanese expansion during World War II

1937 - 1941

Germany invades Poland

1939

The Holocaust

1941 - 1945

Bretton Woods Conference

1944

Normany Landing

June 6, 1944

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings

1945

End of World War II

1945

U.S. takes the lead in Big Science

1945 - 1965

COLD WAR CONFLICT AND CONSENSUS CHAPTER 28

1945 - 1965

Decolonization of Asia and Africa

1945 - 1965

Truman Doctrine

1947

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Mao

1949 - 1976

Socialist Realism

1950 - 1960

Supermarket Revolution

1950

de-Stalinisation (Khrushchev, Russia)

1955 - 1964

Nikita Khrushchev

1955 - 1964

N.A.S.A. founded

1958

Vietnam War

1959 - 1975

CHALLENGING THE POSTWAR ORDER

1960 - 1991

European Council for Nuclear Research

1960

Sports Race

1960

New Left

1960 - 1969

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

Second Vatican Council

1962 - 1965

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Student Rebellion in France

1968

Feminist Movement

1970

Emergence of Globalization

1980 - 1990

Berlin Wall Opened

1989

Velvet Revolution

17 November 1989 - 29 December 1989

Paris Accord, Cold War ends

1990

LIFE IN AN AGE OF GLOBILIZATION

1990 - 2016

Maastricht Treaty

1991

Soviet Union Breakup

1991

Civil War in Yugoslavia

1991 - 2001

The European Union

1993

Putin

December 1999 - May 2008

Sept 11 attacks

2001

Euro replaces national currencies

2002

Iraq War

2003 - 2011

Worldwide financial crisis

2008

Arab Spring

2011 - Present

France Legalizes same sex marriage

2013